Outline of medicine

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The Rod of Asclepius, a symbol commonly associated with medicine

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to medicine:

Medicinescience of healing. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintaine health by the prevention and treatment of illness.

Aims[edit]

Branches of medicine[edit]

  1. Anesthesiology – practice of medicine dedicated to the relief of pain and total care of the surgical patient before, during and after surgery.
  2. Cardiology – branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the heart and the blood vessels.
  3. Critical care medicine – focuses on life support and the intensive care of the seriously ill.
  4. Dentistry – branch of medicine that deals with treatment of diseases in the oral cavity
  5. Dermatology – branch of medicine that deals with the skin, hair, and nails.
  6. Emergency medicine – focuses on care provided in the emergency department
  7. Endocrinology – branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the endocrine system.
  8. Epidemiology – study of cause and prevalence of diseases and programs to contain them
  9. First aid – assistance given to any person suffering a sudden illness or injury, with care provided to preserve life, prevent the condition from worsening, and/or promote recovery. It includes initial intervention in a serious condition prior to professional medical help being available, such as performing CPR while awaiting an ambulance, as well as the complete treatment of minor conditions, such as applying a plaster to a cut.
  10. Gastroenterology – branch of medicine that deals with the study and care of the digestive system.
  11. General practice (often called family medicine) is a branch of medicine that specializes in primary care.
  12. Geriatrics – branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of the elderly.
  13. Gynaecology – diagnosis and treatment of the female reproductive system
  14. Hematology – branch of medicine that deals with the blood and the circulatory system.
  15. Hepatology – branch of medicine that deals with the liver, gallbladder and the biliary system.
  16. Infectious disease – branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of infectious disease, especially for complex cases and immunocompromised patients.
  17. Internal medicine – involved with adult diseases
  18. Neurology – branch of medicine that deals with the brain and the nervous system.
  19. Nephrology – branch of medicine which deals with the kidneys.
  20. Obstetrics – care of women during and after pregnancy
  21. Oncology – branch of medicine that studies the types of cancer.
  22. Ophthalmology – branch of medicine that deals with the eyes.
  23. Optometry – branch of medicine that involves examining the eyes and applicable visual systems for defects or abnormalities as well as the medical diagnosis and management of eye disease.
  24. Orthopaedics – branch of medicine that deals with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  25. Otorhinolaryngology – branch of medicine that deals with the ears, nose and throat.
  26. Pathology – study of causes and pathogenesis of diseases.
  27. Pediatrics – branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of children and in some countries like the U.S. young adults.
  28. Preventive medicine – measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
  29. Psychiatry – branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
  30. Pulmonology – branch of medicine that deals with the respiratory system.
  31. Radiology – branch of medicine that employs medical imaging to diagnose and treat disease.
  32. Sports medicine – branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness and the treatment and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
  33. Rheumatology – branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases.
  34. Surgery – branch of medicine that uses operative techniques to investigate or treat both disease and injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.
  35. Urology – branch of medicine that deals with the urinary system of both sexes and the male reproductive system

History of medicine

Medical biology[edit]

Medical biology

Fields of medical biology[edit]

Illness (diseases and disorders)[edit]

Medical practice[edit]

Practice of medicine

Drugs[edit]

Drugs

Medical equipment[edit]

Medical equipment

Medical facilities[edit]

Medical education[edit]

Medical education – education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner; either the initial training to become a physician, additional training thereafter, and fellowship.

Medical research[edit]

Medical research

Medical jargon[edit]

Medical terminology

Medical abbreviations and acronyms[edit]

Medical glossaries[edit]

Medical organizations[edit]

Government agencies[edit]

Medical publications[edit]

Persons influential in medicine[edit]

Medical scholars[edit]

An Arabic manuscript, dated 1200 CE, titled Anatomy of the Eye, authored by al-Mutadibih.

Pioneers in medicine[edit]

General concepts in medicine[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]