Epoch J2000 (ICRS) Equinox J2000 (ICRS)
|Right ascension||19h 21m 44.815s|
|Declination||+21° 53′ 02.25″|
|Radius||~1.4 × 10−5 R☉|
PSR B1919+21 is a pulsar with a period of 1.3373 seconds and a pulse width of 0.04 seconds. Discovered by Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish on November 28, 1967, it is the first discovered radio pulsar. The power and regularity of the signals were briefly thought to resemble an extraterrestrial beacon, leading the source to be nicknamed LGM-1 (for "little green men").
In 1967, a radio signal was detected using the Interplanetary Scintillation Array of the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory in Cambridge, UK, by Jocelyn Bell and Antony Hewish. The signal had a 1.337302088331-second period and 0.04-second pulsewidth. It originated at celestial coordinates 19h 19m right ascension, +21° declination. It was detected by individual observation of miles of graphical data traces. Due to its almost perfect regularity, it was at first assumed to be spurious noise, but this hypothesis was promptly discarded. The discoverers jokingly named it little green men 1 (LGM-1), considering that it may have originated from an extraterrestrial civilization, but Bell soon ruled out extraterrestrial life as a source after discovering a similar signal from another part of the sky.
The original signal turned out to be radio emissions from the pulsar CP 1919, and was the first one recognized as such. Bell noted that other scientists could have discovered pulsars before her, but their observations were either ignored or disregarded. Researchers Thomas Gold and Sir Fred Hoyle identified this astronomical object as a rapidly rotating neutron star immediately upon their announcement.
We did not really believe that we had picked up signals from another civilization, but obviously the idea had crossed our minds and we had no proof that it was an entirely natural radio emission. It is an interesting problem – if one thinks one may have detected life elsewhere in the universe[,] how does one announce the results responsibly? Who does one tell first?
Nobel Prize controversy
When Hewish and Martin Ryle received the Nobel Prize in physics in 1974 for their work in radio astronomy and pulsars, Hoyle argued that Jocelyn Bell Burnell should have been a co-recipient of the prize.
- EPIC 204278916 - star showing unusual light fluctuations
- KIC 8462852 - star showing unusual light fluctuations
- 1SWASP J140747.93−394542.6 - star with unusual eclipses due to ring system
- Ross 128 - red dwarf star showing unusual radio signals
- WD 1145+017 - star destroying planetesimal, producing a dusty disk
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- Judson, Horace Freeland (2003-10-20). "No Nobel Prize for whining". The New York Times.
- Capriola, Adam (2011-05-19). "The History of Joy Division's "Unknown Pleasures" Album Art". Adamcap.com. Retrieved 2013-06-28.
- "Unknown Pleasures". Joy Division. June 1979. Retrieved 2008-07-05.
- Christiansen, Jen (2015-02-18). "Pop Culture Pulsar: Origin Story of Joy Division's Unknown Pleasures Album Cover". Scientific American. Retrieved 2015-10-04.
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- "K3PGP Experimenter's Corner – Pulsars (List of pulsars for amateur radio astronomers)". K3PGP.org.
- "Pulsar Astrometry with the VLBA (Study of Pulsar Parallax, PSR B1919+21 is one of the pulsars studied)". Cornell University. 2004-01-21.
- Bell, Jon (1996-12-19). "A Tutorial on Radio Pulsars: The discovery of pulsars".
- Manchester, R. N.; Hobbs, G.; Khoo, J. "Recording of the first-discovered pulsar CP1919 (PSR B1919+21) made at the Parkes radio telescope in April 2012". CSIRO Astronomy & Space Science: Pulsar Group.