Pablo Iglesias Turrión

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Pablo Iglesias

Pablo Iglesias Ahora Madrid 2015 - 05 (cropped).jpg
Secretary General of Podemos
Assumed office
15 November 2014
Preceded byPosition established
Member of the Congress of Deputies
Assumed office
13 January 2016
ConstituencyMadrid
Member of the European Parliament
In office
1 July 2014 – 27 October 2015
ConstituencySpain
Personal details
Born (1978-10-17) 17 October 1978 (age 40)
Madrid, Spain
Political partyPodemos (2014–present)
Other political
affiliations
Communist Youth Union of Spain (1992–1999)
Alma materComplutense University
Charles III University
European Graduate School
Signature

Pablo Iglesias Turrión (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈpaβlo iˈɣlesjas tuˈrjon]; born 17 October 1978) is a Spanish politician who has been the Secretary-General of Podemos since 2014.

Before then, he was a lecturer in political science at the Complutense University of Madrid. He was elected to the European Parliament in the 2014 elections as the leading candidate of the newly formed party Podemos, along with four other members of his party. He hosts the internet programs La Tuerka and Fort Apache, and frequently appears on Spanish political TV shows.

Early life and education[edit]

Pablo Manuel Iglesias Turrión was born in Madrid.[n. 1] He was named "Pablo" after the 19th century "father" of Spanish socialism and founder of the Spanish Socialist Worker's Party (PSOE), Pablo Iglesias Posse.[2] Iglesias studied with honours at the Complutense University of Madrid. He received his degree in law (2001), including an Erasmus term at the University of Bologna, before turning to political science and administration, receiving his licentiate (2004), teaching certificate (2004), DEA (2005) and PhD (2008).[3] His doctoral dissertation under the supervision of Heriberto Cairo Carou dealt with civil disobedience of the anti-globalization movement in early 21st-century Spain and Italy and it was titled Multitud y acción colectiva postnacional: un estudio comparativo de los desobedientes: de Italia a Madrid (2000-2005).[4][5] Iglesias has also obtained a Master of Humanities (2010, honours) from Charles III University with a thesis regarding a political analysis of cinema, and a Master of Arts in Communication (2011, distinction) from the European Graduate School in Switzerland, where he studied political theory, cinema and psychoanalysis.[3][6]

Academic career[edit]

He was the acting head teacher of political science in the Universidad Complutense de Madrid,[7] where he was named honorary professor in September 2014.[8] He defended in 2008 his dissertation, which was supervised by Heriberto Cairo Carou,[4] and whose subject was collective political action in post-millennial political history.[9] Since 2002, he has published more than 30 articles in academic journals.[10]

Media work[edit]

Iglesias presents the political debate TV shows Fort Apache for the Iranian government's Hispan TV and La Tuerka while he is also the director of programming at the production company Con Mano Izquierda (With the Left Hand).[11] He has also written articles in publications such as Público,[12] Kaosenlared,[13] Diagonal[14] and Rebelion.org.[15]

Television[edit]

In 2003, he started a TV programme on Tele K, La Tuerka[16] (produced by Producciones CMI).

In November 2012, he appeared as a commentator in an episode of the news show La Sexta Columna titled Rajoy año I: La realidad era esto,[17] which analysed the first year of Mariano Rajoy's government. In May 2013, Iglesias was invited to the political talk show El Gato al Agua,[18] broadcast by Intereconomía, to talk about the political demonstration Rodea el Congreso.[19][20] After this participation, he started to receive requests from other media and became a frequent guest to political talk shows like El Gato al Agua, El cascabel al gato (13 TV), La Sexta Noche (La Sexta), Las Mañanas de Cuatro (Cuatro) and La Noche en 24 Horas (24 Horas).

In October 2013, he was given the "Enfocados" prize by the Department of Journalism and Audiovisual Communication of the Universidad Carlos III of Madrid[21] for his contribution to social change, which he shared with Ignacio Escolar and Jordi Évole in the individual category.

Political career[edit]

He was a member of the Communist Youth Union of Spain from 1992 to 1999 and was part of the anti-globalisation movement.[2][22][23]

Since the early-2000s, Iglesias has been involved with the Center for Political and Social Studies Foundation (CEPS) and is currently[when?] on the executive board of the organisation.[24][25] During the 2000s, Iglesias was involved in Latin American politics for the CEPS Foundation and monitored elections in Paraguay and Bolivia while acting as a strategic analysis advisor for the government of Venezuela and as a consultant for the government of Bolivia.[25][26]

Iglesias intervening in the presentation of Podemos on 16 January 2014

In January 2014, he presented, along with other people and groups, the Podemos movement,[27] as a participant political force in the 2014 European elections. He was elected to the head of the party list in open primary elections.[28]

He was then elected as a Member of the European Parliament.

On 25 June 2014, GUE/NGL, the European Parliament group Podemos joined, elected him as the candidate for the presidency of the European Parliament.[29][30] As an MEP, Iglesias was a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Subcommittee on Human Rights and vice-chair of the Delegation for relations with Mercosur. He was also a substitute for the Subcommittee on Security and Defence and the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development.[31]

Iglesias and Alberto Garzón in 2016 after reaching a deal for the coalition of Podemos and IU for the 2016 general election, the "pacto de los botellines".

On 27 October 2015 he resigned his seat in the European Parliament in order to focus on the campaign for the 2015 Spanish general election.[32]

In 2017, Iglesias and Podemos tabled a censure motion against the PP government due to a series of corruption scandals. The other opposition parties refused to support it,[33] and the motion failed, with only 82 votes in favor against 170 opposed and 97 abstaining.[34] As no-confidence motions in Spain are constructive, Iglesias designated himself as replacement candidate for Prime Minister in the event his motion succeeded in toppling Rajoy.

In May 2018 he and his partner Irene Montero faced criticism after it emerged they have bought a €600,000 house outside Madrid. Iglesias called a confidence vote among the party’s half-million members on whether they should remain in their roles, and the results delivered a 'yes'.[35]

For the elections of the 28th of April 2019 Pablo Iglesias combined forces with Pedro Sánchez and his left-wing party (PSOE) in which they won without doing an absolute majority. The purpose of this was to stop Ciudadanos, VOX and PP from winning the elections and ruling the country together.

Personal life[edit]

He is the son of Luisa Turrión, a lawyer for the trade union CCOO, and Javier Iglesias, a labor inspector and retired history professor, and, according to Iglesias, former member of the Frente Revolucionario Antifascista y Patriota.[36] Pablo's grandfather Manuel Iglesias was sentenced to death in Francoist Spain, but the sentence was not carried out because the accusations against him were proved to be false.[37] His maternal great-grandfather was one of the founders of the Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT), one of the largest workers unions in Spain.[38]

He is not religious, but says he finds himself in agreement with many of Pope Francis's views. He is fluent in English and Italian in addition to his native Spanish, and is studying French.[39]

Stances[edit]

Iglesias positions himself on the left wing.[citation needed]

He is an admirer of the Italian Communist Party and Antonio Gramsci, as is interested in the party strategy of Palmiro Togliatti and the theoretical work of Antonio Negri.[4]

Vis-à-vis the Vistalegre II party congress in 2017, Iglesias represented one of the two proposals within Podemos—sometimes portrayed as a "traditional left-wing" (Iglesias) vs "classic populist strategy" (Errejón)—that clashed during the event: the Iglesias' line stance was to strengthen the Podemos-United Left current alliance in opposition to the Errejón's line, that envisioned the coalition locked the party too much into a radical-left identity.[40][n. 2]

In August 2015, Iglesias endorsed Jeremy Corbyn's campaign in the Labour Party leadership election[n. 3] He has declared himself a defender of the Venezuelan Bolivarian government several times and has stated his admiration for the policies of Hugo Chávez.[23][43] After being investigated by the Senate of Spain for party finances in 2018, which included allegations of funding from the Venezuelan government, he changed his public statements regarding Venezuela and disavowed some of his earlier comments, calling the situation in Venezuela a "disaster".[44][n. 4]

Iglesias is a prominent republican, saying that a "new republic would be the best guarantee of a united Spain built on a foundation of respect and freedom to decide".[46]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ He dropped his second name "Manuel" in 2015.[1]
  2. ^ He had nonetheless acrimoniously derided the old IU cadres before back in June 2015 declaring "keep on living in your existential pessimism. Boil yourself in your sauce plenty of red stars and stuff, but don't approach (us), because you are precisely the (individuals) responsible for nothing being changed in this country. You are killjoys. I don't want political killjoys, people who have been unable to do anything in 25 years. I don't want political leaders in IU, and I have worked for them, unable to read the political situation, to approach us.[41]
  3. ^ "We salute and support him," he told reporters. "The fact that at this moment Jeremy Corbyn is the favourite to win... and make a 180-degree turn from the direction set out by Tony Blair shows how much things are changing across Europe." Iglesias added: "A different Labour Party that returns to its origins as a representative of the popular classes is, I believe, very important."[42]
  4. ^ During the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, Iglesias argued in what it was considered a defense of Nicolás Maduro, that the Government of Spain and the EU "should defend international legality, instead of a coup", also arguing neither Trump nor his allies "were interested in democracy and human rights in Venezuela".[45]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo; Espasandín, Jesús (coordinadores) (2007). Bolivia en Movimiento. Acción colectiva y poder político. Madrid: El Viejo Topo. p. 376. ISBN 978-84-96831-25-4.
  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo (2009). Multitud y acción colectiva postnacional. Madrid: Complutense de Madrid, Servicio de Publicaciones. p. 574. ISBN 978-84-692-1016-1.
  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo (2011). Desobedientes. Madrid: Popular. p. 249. ISBN 978-84-7884-498-2.
  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo; Monedero, Juan Carlos (2011). ¡Que no nos representan!: El debate sobre el sistema electoral español. Madrid: Popular. p. 127. ISBN 9788478845156.
  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo (2013) Cuando las películas votan. Lecciones de ciencias sociales a través del cine,Catarata
  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo (2013) Maquiavelo frente a la gran pantalla. Cine y política, Akal
  • Iglesias Turrión, Pablo; Nega (2013). Abajo el Régimen. Conversación entre Pablo Iglesias y Nega LCDM. Icaria, colección Más Madera a dos voces

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Iglesias confiesa que hizo cambiar su DNI en 2015 para no le llamaran Pablo Manuel'". elEconomista.es. 27 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b Minder, Raphael (29 May 2014). "Spanish Upstart Party Said It Could, and Did. Now the Hard Part Begins". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  3. ^ a b Iglesias Turrión, Pablo. "Pablo Iglesias Turrión's CV" (PDF) (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.[unreliable source?]
  4. ^ a b c Chazel & Fernández Vázquez 2019, p. 6.
  5. ^ Juliana, Enric (16 September 2018). "Las tres tesis". La Vanguardia.
  6. ^ Profesorado-Pablo Iglesias Turrión UCM's website, 3rd Department of Political Science. Access date 23 May 2014.
  7. ^ Pacho, Nacho (12 July 2014). "La Complutense quiere que Pablo Iglesias sea profesor honorífico". El Mundo (in Spanish). El rector explica que Iglesias ya no pertenece a la UCM desde el pasado 1 de julio, cuando perdió su condición de profesor titular interino
  8. ^ "La Complutense nombra profesor honorífico a Pablo Iglesias". eldiario.es (in Spanish). 25 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  9. ^ Marina González (6 August 2014). "El que puede". La Diaria (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 26 September 2014.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  10. ^ Pablo Iglesias Turrión in Google Scholar. Access date 23 May 2014.
  11. ^ Producciones Con Mano Izquierda. "Pablo Iglesias Turrión. Director de contenidos y creatividad" (in Spanish). Retrieved 23 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Otra vuelta de Tuerka". Público (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  13. ^ "Artículos de Pablo Iglesias". Kaosenlared (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  14. ^ Iglesias Turrión, Pablo (22 July 2006). "Asamblea constituyente y revolución". Diagonal (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  15. ^ "Artículos de Pablo Iglesias". Rebelión.org (in Spanish). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  16. ^ Rozas, Daniel (3 July 2012). "I am not a crock! "A la izquierda le falta imaginación"". Diagonal. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  17. ^ Rajoy año I: La realidad era esto, atresplayer.com, 16 November 2012.
  18. ^ "Pablo Iglesias en El Gato al Agua". 24 April 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  19. ^ Europa Press (31 March 2013). "El 25S llama a "asediar" el Congreso el 25 de abril y a no abandonar hasta que dimita el Gobierno". Europa Press (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  20. ^ Efe (16 April 2013). "El Congreso no celebrará pleno durante el intento de "asedio" del 25S". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 May 2013.
  21. ^ "Celebrada la primera edición de los Premios de Periodismo para el Cambio Social". entreculturas (in Spanish). 13 November 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  22. ^ "Iglesias to head Spain's leftist Podemos party". The Local. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  23. ^ a b Ames, Paul (15 November 2014). "Europe looks left". Global Post. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  24. ^ "¿Qué es la Fundación CEPS?". CEPS Foundation (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  25. ^ a b Mercado, Francisco (17 June 2014). "La fundación relacionada con Podemos cobró 3,7 millones de Chávez en 10 años". El Pais. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  26. ^ Ruiz Valdivia, Antonio (11 May 2014). "25 datos que no sabías de Pablo Iglesias". Huffington Post. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  27. ^ Europa Press (13 March 2014). "Podemos formaliza su inscripción como partido político". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 July 2014.
  28. ^ "Pablo Iglesias, elegido cabeza de lista por Podemos en las primarias con más participación para las europeas". Público (in Spanish). 3 April 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
  29. ^ Fariza, Ignacio (25 June 2014). "Pablo Iglesias, candidato de la Izquierda Unitaria a la presidencia de la Eurocámara". El País.
  30. ^ Europa Press (25 June 2014). "Pablo Iglesias, elegido candidato a presidir el Parlamento Europeo por la Izquierda Unitaria Europea". El Mundo.
  31. ^ "Pablo IGLESIAS". European Parliament. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  32. ^ Francesco, Manetto (27 October 2015). "Iglesias deja el Parlamento Europeo con un duro ataque a la gran coalición". El País. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  33. ^ Torres, Diego (27 April 2017). "Podemos divides opposition with Rajoy no-confidence motion". Politico. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  34. ^ Paul Day (13 June 2017). "Spain's parliament rejects no-confidence motion against PM Rajoy". Reuters. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  35. ^ Euronews (22 May 2018). "Spain: Podemos leaders face backlash over luxury house purchase)". Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  36. ^ El último secretario general, Público, 18 September 2012.
  37. ^ "El abuelo de Pablo Iglesias fue represaliado por el franquismo". elplural.com (in Spanish). 13 August 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  38. ^ "El que puede". Archived from the original on 26 September 2014.
  39. ^ Arsenio Escolar (4 November 2014). "Pablo Iglesias: "No soy religioso, pero me sorprende estar tan de acuerdo con el papa" (Pablo Iglesias: "I'm not religious, but I'm surprised to be so in agreement with the Pope")". Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  40. ^ Chazel & Fernández Vázquez 2019, p. 2.
  41. ^ "Pablo Iglesias, a IU: "No quiero que cenizos políticos se acerquen a nosotros"". ABC. 25 June 2015.
  42. ^ Kassam, Ashifa (25 August 2015). "Podemos leader backs Jeremy Corbyn campaign for Labour leadership". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  43. ^ "Pablo Iglesias Turrión se hizo presente en un homenaje a Hugo Chávez" (in Spanish). El Propio. 25 November 2014. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  44. ^ https://www.thelocal.es/20181214/podemos-admits-it-was-wrong-to-praise-venezuela
  45. ^ "Iglesias y Garzón salen en defensa del régimen de Maduro en Venezuela". ABC.|date=24 January 2018}}.
  46. ^ Iglesias, Pablo (26 November 2018). "What's the Spanish monarchy still good for?". El País. Retrieved 3 December 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chazel, Laura; Fernández Vázquez, Guillermo (2019). "Podemos, at the origins of the internal conflicts around the 'populist hypothesis': a comparison of the theoretical production, public speeches and militant trajectories of Pablo Iglesias and Íñigo Errejón". European Politics and Society. doi:10.1080/23745118.2019.1582256.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
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2014–present
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