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Pan Htwar
Queen Pan Htwar.jpg
Queen Pan Htwar statue
Queen regnant of Beikthano
Reignc. 180 BCE–610 CE
Predecessornew office
SuccessorDuttabaung (as victory)
Queen consort of Sri Ksetra
FatherSula Thamawa
MotherSanda Muhki
ReligionTheravada Buddhism

Panhtwar (Burmese: ပန်ထွာ) also known as Princess Thonbanhla was the queen regnant of Beikthano, the ancient cities of the Pyu Kingdom. She was a strong spiritual lady of war and fame.[1][2] Panhtwar is referring to (sic) "beautiful in three ways within one day".


According to legend, Panhtwar was the only daughter of Sula Thamawa, a son of Maha Thado Yarzar (King Naga Naing), the legendary King of Tagaung Kingdom. Her mother Sanda Muhki, is the Ogress-nymph from Lanka Dipa.

Her history records the wars period between Sri Ksetra and Beikthano and of the fighting that took place. The Lord of Celestial Beings Sakra gave a big magical drum named "Atula Sidaw" to the queen. The queen was able to repel all her enemy forces with the help of this magical drum. Whatever enemies approached Beikthano, the magic drum would be sounded making the water of the Yan Pe River (lit. Repelling enemies river) to rise rapidly and flood the surrounding plain so that no attacking army could cross it. According to the Burmese chronicles, the city was created for Panhtwar by the Hindu god Vishnu. The queen was assumed as the little sister of god Vishnu in previous life. Sri Ksetra King Duttabaung had to resort to a stratagem to take away the magical powers of the drum before he could capture the city and sent imitate monk to Beikthano, her drum was destroyed and her empire and kingdom was flamed. Her hatred upon the King and the imitate monks, still flows in the veins of Beikthano.[3]

Pan Htwar statue in the shrine

King Duttabaung was the son of Maha Thamawa, the twin brother of Sula Thamawa. So, Panhtwar is a cousin of Duttabaung. Andthen she married to the king for revenge and became the queen consort of King Duttabaung.[4][5] The king’s other consorts were jealous of her beauty, and conspired against her. They told Duttabaung that her loveliness was a magic trick, and that in fact she resembled a horrible ogre. The king unfortunately believed in what they said and abandoned her. Therefore, one day, she offered a face-cloth to the king. Really it was the lower end of her htamein. The king used it and lost his power and glory. One day, the king traveling around the country by his royal barge. At the time, a dragon under water attacked his barge. The king couldn't fight back the dragon as he had lost his glory and he was eaten by the dragon. Finally, the queen was successful in revenging the king. In the end, Queen Panhtwar was assassinated with poison by other consorts.[6]

Spiritual life[edit]

The statue of goddess Pan Htwar

After her death, she became a nat (spirit) and the goddess of the deep forest, called Mahar Myaing.[7] She was also known as the Goddess of Beikthano or Beikthano Nat. Some people believe that if her spirit is accorded the proper worship and respect, good health and bountiful harvests will follow.

During the Buddhist Lent, villagers from Mhaw Zar and Mu Htaw villages collect donations to fund a ceremony of worship for Thonbanhla, held on the eve of the full moon day of Waso.


  1. ^ "ဗိဿနိုးဘုရင်မ ပန်ထွာဧကရီ ဆိုတဲ့ အမျိုးသမီးပဒေသရာဇ် ခေါင်းဆောင်အကြောင်း" (in Burmese). Myanmar Live. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  2. ^ "ပန်ထွာဘုရင်မရဲ့ ဗိဿနိုးမြို့ဟောင်းအကြောင်း" (in Burmese). Thuta Zone. 13 January 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Beikthano". Go Myanmar Tours. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  4. ^ Khin Wyne Phyu Phyu (26 July 2016). "An ancient princess still haunts Pyay". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  5. ^ Chan Myae Ei (3 March 2017). "အချစ်ကြီးလှတဲ့ ဒွတ္တပေါင်ဘုရင် နဲ့ အငြိုးကြီးလှတဲ့ ပန်ထွာဘုရင်မ တို့ရဲ့ ပုံရိပ်များ ထင်ကျန်ခဲ့ရာ သရေခေတ္တရာမြို့ဟောင်း" (in Burmese). Yoyarlay. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  6. ^ "မကျွတ်လွတ်သေးတဲ့ ဗိဿနိုး ပန်ထွာဘုရင်မ" (in Burmese). Myanmar 24H. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  7. ^ Mg Thwae Chun. "Mahar Myaing Deep Forest Sasanar Pyu Trip and Dhamma Light of Queen Pan Htwar". Myanmar Book. Retrieved 29 July 2018.

External links[edit]