From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Paroikoi (plural of Greek πάροικος, paroikos, the etymological origin of parish and parochial) is the term that replaced "metic" in the Hellenistic and Roman period to designate foreign residents.[1] In Asia Minor they were named katoikoi. In the Byzantine Empire, paroikoi were non-proprietary peasants, hereditary holders of their land, irremovable as long as they paid their rent.[2] They appeared in the Justinian code, which prohibited this status; so it remained provisionally clandestine.


  1. ^ Encyclopedia of ancient Greece By Nigel Guy Wilson Page 470 ISBN 978-0-415-97334-2 (2006)
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages, Part 114, Volume 1 By Adrian Walford Page 1091