Parrot OS

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Parrot OS
Parrotsec logo.png
DeveloperLorenzo Faletra, Francesco Bonanno, The Parrot Project
OS familyPOSIX based on Debian
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Initial release10 April 2013 (2013-04-10)
Latest release4.7 / July 1, 2019; 50 days ago (2019-07-01)
Update methodRolling Release
Package managerAPT
Platformsi386 (x86), amd64 (x86-64), ARM
Kernel typeMonolithic
Default user interfaceMATE Desktop Environment
LicenseFree software, mainly the GNU GPL

Parrot Linux is a Linux distribution based on Debian with a focus on computer security.[1] It is designed for penetration testing, vulnerability assessment and mitigation, computer forensics and anonymous web browsing. It is developed by the Frank Ruben and Aqua(Skid).


ParrotSec is intended to provide a suite of penetration testing tools to be used for attack mitigation, security research, forensics, and vulnerability assessment.[2]


Parrot is based on Debian's testing branch (Buster), with a custom Linux 4.19 kernel. It follows a rolling release development model.[3]

The desktop environment is MATE, and the default display manager is LightDM.[1]

The project is certified to run on devices which have a minimum of 256MB of RAM, and it is suitable for both 32-bit (i386) and 64-bit (amd64) processor architectures.[4] Moreover, the project is available for ARMv7 (armhf) architectures. It even offers an edition (both 32-bit and 64-bit)[5] developed specifically for servers to carry out cloud service penetration testing.

In June 2017, ParrotSec announced they were considering to change from Debian to Devuan, mainly because of problems with the highly controversial systemd.[6]

As of January 21st, 2019, the Parrot Linux team will be phasing out the development of 32-bit (i386) versions of all future operating systems.

Other editions[edit]

Parrot has multiple editions that are based upon Debian, with various desktop environments available.

Parrot Home[edit]

Parrot Home is a special edition of Parrot designed for daily use, and it targets regular users who need a lightweight, always updated and beautiful system on their laptops or workstations.

The distribution has the same look and feel of a regular Parrot environment and includes all the basic programs for daily work. Parrot Home also includes programs to chat privately with people, encrypt documents with the highest cryptographic standards or surf the net in a completely anonymous and secure way.

The system can also be used as a starting point to build a very customized pentesting platform with only the tools you need, or you can use it to build your professional workstation by taking advantage of all the latest and most powerful technologies of Debian without hassle.

Parrot ARM[edit]

A lightweight Parrot release for embedded systems, aimed for simplicity and portability. Supported hardware brands are Raspberry Pi, Orange Pi, Pine64, and Cubieboard.

Release frequency[edit]

The development team has not specified any official release timeline, but based on release changelogs and the notes included in the official review of the distribution, the project will be released on a monthly basis.


Date Version Codename
2013-06-10 The project was started
2013-06-17 Parrot 0.1 Pre-alpha
2013-06-22 Parrot 0.2 Pre-alpha
2013-06-30 Parrot 0.3 Pre-alpha
2013-07-10 Parrot 0.4 Pre-alpha
2013-08-22 Parrot 0.5 Alpha
2013-10-21 Parrot 0.6 Alpha
2013-11-12 Parrot 0.6.5 Alpha
2013-12-06 Parrot 0.7 Pre-beta
2014-01-12 Parrot 0.8 Beta
2014-01-24 Parrot 0.8.1 Beta
2014-03-05 Parrot 0.8.2 Beta
2014-04-17 Parrot 0.8.4 Beta
2014-06-25 Parrot 0.9 Final beta
2014-07-21 Parrot 1.0 Hydrogen
2014-09-02 Parrot 1.1 Asphalt Dragon
2014-09-11 Parrot 1.2 Asphalt Dragon
2014-10-22 Parrot 1.4 JailBird
2014-11-06 Parrot 1.4.2 JailBird
2014-12-12 Parrot 1.6 JailBird
2015-02-05 Parrot 1.7 CyberLizard
2015-02-21 Parrot 1.8 CyberLizard
2015-04-04 Parrot 1.9 CyberLizard
2015-09-12 Parrot 2.0 Helium
2015-09-15 Parrot 2.0.1 Helium
2015-10-06 Parrot 2.0.4 Helium
2015-10-17 Parrot 2.0.5 Helium
2016-01-16 Parrot 2.1 Murdock
2016-02-25 Parrot 2.2 Glitch
2016-06-18 Parrot 3.0 Lithium
2016-07-26 Parrot 3.1 Defcon
2016-10-15 Parrot 3.2 CyberSloop
2016-12-25 Parrot 3.3 CyberBrig
2017-01-01 Parrot 3.4 CyberFrigate
2017-01-02 Parrot 3.4.1 CyberFrigate
2017-03-08 Parrot 3.5 CyberGalleon
2017-05-18 Parrot 3.6 JollyRoger
2017-07-09 Parrot 3.7 JollyRoger
2017-09-12 Parrot 3.8 JollyRoger
2017-10-15 Parrot 3.9 Intruder
2017-12-15 Parrot 3.10 Intruder
2018-01-29 Parrot 3.11 Intruder
2018-05-21 Parrot 4.0 stable
2018-06-04 Parrot 4.1 stable
2018-09-11 Parrot 4.22 stable
2018-11-03 Parrot 4.3 stable
2018-11-25 Parrot 4.4 stable
2019-01-21 Parrot 4.5 stable
2019-01-27 Parrot 4.5.1 stable
2019-04-26 Parrot 4.6 stable
2019-07-01 Parrot 4.7 stable

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Prabhu, Vijay (15 October 2016). "Parrot Security 3.2 "CyberSloop" Ethical Hacking OS With Linux Kernel 4.7 Released". Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Parrot Security Could Be Your Next Security Tool". | The source for Linux information. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  3. ^ DistroWatch. " Parrot Security OS". Retrieved 2018-03-09.
  4. ^ Adarsh Verma (30 May 2016). "Parrot Security OS 3.0 "Lithium" — Best Kali line Alternative Coming With New Features". fossBytes. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  5. ^ "Downloads Page". Parrot Security. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
  6. ^ Marius Nestor (11 June 2017). "Parrot Security OS Ethical Hacking Distro Considers Ditching Debian for Devuan; systemd could be the main reason for this decision". Softpedia. Retrieved 21 June 2017.

External links[edit]