Patna Municipal Corporation

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Patna Municipal Corporation
Patna Municipal Corporation
Coat of arms or logo
Founded2 November 1864
Ms Sita Sahu
Mr Anupam Suman
Last election
Meeting place
Municipal Board

The Patna Municipal Corporation or Patna Nagar Nigam, abbreviated PMC, is the civic body that governs Patna, the capital of Bihar in India. Patna Municipal Corporation consists of democratically elected members, is headed by a mayor and administers the city's infrastructure, public services and supplies. Members from the state's leading various political parties hold elected offices in the corporation.


The Patna Municipality, established on 2 November 1864 was renamed Patna City Municipality in 1917. This as well as Patna Administrative Committee and the Patna-Bankipur Joint Water Works Committee were substituted by the Patna Municipal Corporation (PMC), which came into force on 15 August 1952 under the provision of the Patna Municipal Act, 1951.[1] The first election of the PMC councillors were held in March 1954, but they came in office on 1 February 1955.


Patna Municipal Corporation is the local urban governing body of the city of Patna. The municipal corporation consists of democratically elected members, is headed by a mayor and administers the city's infrastructure and public services. This civic administrative body administers an area of 109.218 km2.

The mayor is usually chosen through indirect election by the councillors from among themselves for a term of two and half years. The municipal commissioner is the chief executive officer and head of the executive arm of the municipal corporation. All executive powers are vested in the Municipal Commissioner, who is also the Chief Executive Officer of the corporation. Although the municipal corporation is the legislative body that lays down policies for the governance of the city, it is the commissioner who is responsible for the execution of the policies. The powers of the commissioner are those provided by statute and those delegated by the corporation or the Standing Committee.

The city is divided into 75 administrative wards and has a population of 1.7 million as per 2011 Census. Each ward elects a councillor to the PMC. By means of the standing committees, the corporation undertakes urban planning and maintains roads, government-aided schools, hospitals, and municipal markets. As Patna's apex body, the corporation discharges its functions through the mayor-in-council, which comprises a mayor, a deputy mayor, and other elected members of the PMC. The functions of the PMC include water supply, drainage and sewerage, sanitation, solid waste management, street lighting, and building regulation. It also deals with issue of birth registration and death registration. Municipal Commissioner is the executive head of the corporation, who is assisted by a large number of officers, belonging to different departments in the corporation.

The Patna Municipal Corporation has six administrative circles each separately administered by one Executive Officer and managed by one City Manager:

  • New Capital Circle
  • Patliputra Circle
  • Kankarbagh Circle
  • Bankipur Circle
  • Azimabad Circle
  • Patna City Circle

The corporation also has engineering divisions for the execution of various infrastructure works each separately headed by one Executive Engineer:

  • New Capital Division
  • Patliputra Division
  • Kankarbagh Division
  • Bankipur Division
  • Azimabad Division
  • Patna City Division
  • Water Supply Division
  • Ganga Division


The Patna Municipal Corporation is divided into 75 wards, which is managed through 6 circles.

Circle Total no. of wards Wards
New Capital Circle 16 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 28, 37
Patliputra Circle 16 1, 2 ,5, 6, 7, 8, 20, 22, 22A, 22B, 22C, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27
Kankarbagh Circle 11 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 44, 45, 46, 55
Bankipur Circle 12 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51
Azimabad Circle 12 52, 53, 54, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65
Patna City Circle 8 62, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72


The Patna Municipal Corporation headquarter has following departments for the functioning of various works assigned under the Bihar Municipal Act, 2007:

  • Establishment Section
  • Finance and Accounts Section
  • Revenue Section
  • Estate Section
  • Planning Section
  • Engineering Section
  • Urban Planning Section
  • Sanitation Section
  • Vigilance Section
  • Legal Section
  • Legislative Section
  • RTI Section


There is a mythical bird called Phoenix in Greek and Roman legend, which obtains new life by arising from its own ashes. Hence, it symbolizes a renewal process in general. Like Phoenix, Patna Municipal Corporation started the process of bringing new life in its defunct status in the year 2018, the 155th year of its formation. The City of Patna received a fresh lease of life through a total and comprehensive renewal approach. The year 2018-2019 brought various initiatives and development in the City of Patna.

Door-to-Door Garbage Collection Service[edit]

Door-to-Door Garbage Collection Service initiated in the City of Patna from 2nd of October 2018. It was the first occasion in the history of city that all 75 wards were covered under the systematic door-to-door garbage collection. A fleet of 557 vehicles performs this service everyday, round the year.

Sweeping Machines[edit]

After the inclusion of more than 800 small and big vehicles in the Waste Management Army, PMC imported the biggest warrior in its camp to fight road dirt and dust pollution. The 10 self-propelled vacuum road-sweeping machines, from Italy and Turkey to clean the City of Patna roads.

One Dream Patna Clean[edit]

A participatory campaign called ‘One Dream, Patna Clean’ was initiated under which every Sunday the team of corporation along with the general public and mostly students started to clean one specific area. This campaign not only brought a kind of awareness in the city but it was more effective in creating sensitization among the sanitary workers and street bureaucrats about what they were up to.

Batti Jalao[edit]

Under this campaign, 72,257 LED streetlights were installed to brighten up the streets of the City of Patna. First time in the history of the city, such a large number of streetlights were installed, without leaving any dark space.

AutoMAP : Building Plan Approval System[edit]

Patna Municipal Corporation becomes the first urban local body of Bihar to launch the online approval system for building plans. AutoMAP can be used to apply for new building plan, revision of approved building plan, addition/alterations of existing buildings with prior approvals and occupancy permits from Patna Municipal Corporation and relating to categories of buildings mentioned in Bihar Building Bylaws 2014.

Gharaunde Se Ghar Tak[edit]

Due to rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and poverty, slums are formed in every city. Lack of proper economic accommodation and basic facilities the slum dwellers are facing ghastly hygiene issues. Therefore, Patna Municipal Corporation initiated a Campaign named “Gharaunde se Ghar tak” to upgrade the lifestyle of slum dwellers which intends to function on basic amenities in every area. Such as

  • Community Toilets
  • Supply of Potable water
  • Proper maintenance of street lights
  • Cleaning of streets and sewers
  • Plantation on roadsides
  • Door to Door Garbage collection
  • Availability of mobile medicals vans for primary health services
  • Self Help Group formation, Career Counseling and Skill Development

PMC has also joined hands with UNFPA, a United Nation wing, for the training of municipal workers who mostly resides in these slums.

Patna Smart City[edit]

Patna Smart City Limited is an SPV formed on 9th November 2017 under the Smart City Mission of Government of India. The Divisional Commissioner of Patna is its Chairman and the Patna Municipal Commissioner is its Managing Director. Patna Smart City has launched various projects and speed them up just within 1 year of its formation.

Mithila meets Magadh[edit]

One of the World's Largest Painting Campaign, "Mithila meets Magadh" was a joint initiative of Patna Municipal Corporation and Patna Smart City Limited involving hundreds of Mithila Painters aiming to remove all the garbage vulnerable points of the city. The Campaign successfully completed its first phase of Wall Painting on the streets of Patna with a total of 6.18 lakhs sq.ft area decorated with beautiful murals.

Kusumpur Returns[edit]

Kusumpur (city of flowers) is the earliest known name of the city of Patna, before it first became Pushpapur and then Patliputra (following the name of Patli tree). Even in the modern period, there were some big size gardens(baghs) like garden bagh and Kankarbagh. In a bid to regain City Of Patna its status of “CityOfFlower”, and to bring back the flowery tradition of this great city an ambitious project by the name of “Kusumpur Returns” was started. Under “Kusumpur Returns” 5300 plants were distributed by Patna Smart City among the voters during General Elections 2019 at Vasundhara Matdan Kendra to make citizens aware of the importance of plants. Other 3000 plants were planted on Ganga River Front on the occasion of World Environment Day 2019. Upto 1 lac plants and saplings are to be planted during the monsoon season of 2019.

Integrated Control and Command Center[edit]

Intelligent Solid Waste Management[edit]

Railway Station Area Redevelopment[edit]

Smart Road Network[edit]

Jan Seva Kendra[edit]

Road Drain Redevelopment[edit]

Nothing has been done yet, crores of crore has been engulfed by officers and politicians. Flood of 2019 september was an open example of the incapability of the people in charge.

Adalatganj Lake Area Redevelopment[edit]

Beautification of Gandhi Maidan Area[edit]

Solar Rooftops on Government Buildings[edit]

Dutch Koffee[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Patna District Gazetteer".

External links[edit]