Patricia Canning Todd

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Patricia Canning Todd
Full nameMary Patricia Canning Todd
Country (sports) United States
Born(1922-07-22)July 22, 1922
San Francisco, California
DiedSeptember 5, 2015(2015-09-05) (aged 93)
Encinitas, California
PlaysRight–handed
Singles
Highest rankingNo. 4 (1950)
Grand Slam Singles results
French OpenW (1947)
WimbledonSF (1948, 1949, 1950, 1952)
US OpenSF (1946, 1948)
Doubles
Grand Slam Doubles results
French OpenW (1948)
WimbledonW (1947)
US OpenF (1943, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French OpenW (1948)
WimbledonF (1950)
US OpenF (1942)

Patricia Canning Todd (born Mary Patricia Canning, July 22, 1922 – September 5, 2015), was an American tennis player who had her best results just after World War II. In 1947 and 1948, she won a total of four Grand Slam championships: one in singles, two in women's doubles, and one in mixed doubles. She won these titles as a young mother.

Tennis career[edit]

Todd and her partner lost seven times to Louise Brough and Margaret Osborne duPont in the women's doubles finals of Grand Slam tournaments. Todd's lone victory over the Brough-Osborne duPont partnership was in the final of the 1947 Wimbledon Championships, when Todd teamed with Doris Hart. Todd and her partner lost twice to Brough and her partner in the mixed doubles finals of Grand Slam tournaments.

Todd won the title at the 1947 French International Championships and reached the semifinals there in 1948. At the 1947 event, the fourth-seeded Todd played top-seeded Osborne duPont,[1] the defending champion and the newly crowned Wimbledon champion, in a semifinal that took two days to complete. After Osborne duPont won the first set 6–2, thunderstorm stopped play for the remainder of the day. The next day, Todd, "producing magnificent backhand shots", won after being 1–3 down in the final set. The crowd was so vocal in backing Todd that a referee reversed a line call to give Todd match point. In the final, Hart played an attacking game and led 4–3 in the final set, but "she was against a great fighter who was content to retrieve, and on a slow court, defence overcame attack". At the 1948 event, Todd, who was the favorite and defending champion, was defaulted by French officials after she refused to move her scheduled center court match to court 2. Todd had complained about being last on center court after having played there only one match previously. When requested to move, she refused because of the late hour and because a full set of linesmen would not be present. "They can scratch [default] me if they like. I am not going to play anywhere but on the center court where my match is scheduled." The officials defaulted her, then changed their minds and gave her Landry's phone number to reschedule. When Landry could not be reached, the default stood.

She returned to the French International Championships in 1950, after a one-year absence, and reached the final where she lost to Hart. Todd went to the hospital after the final for blood poisoning.[2]:630

During her Grand Slam singles career, Todd was 2–0 versus Shirley Fry, 1–0 versus Katherine Stammers, 1–1 versus Hart, 0–1 versus Nancye Wynne Bolton, 0–1 versus Pauline Betz, 1–3 versus Osborne duPont, 0–2 versus Dorothy Bundy Cheney, and 1–6 versus Brough.

As for tournaments that were not Grand Slam events, Todd won the singles and mixed doubles titles at the South American championships in 1947 and 1948. In 1942 and 1948, she won the U. S. Indoor National Championships. In 1950, she was the singles and doubles titlist at the Asian Championships and the Championships of India. She won both the singles and doubles titles at the Tri Cities Champiinships in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1951. She also won singles titles at the U. S. Hardcourt Championships in 1950 and 1951 and was the women's doubles champion there in 1950, 1955, 1956, and 1957.

According to John Olliff and Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Todd was ranked in the world top ten from 1946 through 1952 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945), reaching a career high of world no. 4 in those rankings in 1950.[2]:695, 702 Todd was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association in 1942 and from 1944 through 1952, reaching a career high ranking of no. 4 in 1947 and 1949.[3] She unsuccessfully complained about her no. 6 ranking in 1948, especially the placement of Beverly Baker, Gertrude Moran, and Hart above her, accusing the USLTA of having no standard ranking rules and of punishing her for refusing to play her semifinal match against Landry in Paris.[4][5]

Todd played doubles on the U. S. Wightman Cup team from 1947 to 1951, compiling a 4–1 win-loss record.[2]:518-19

Todd was nominated for induction into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2005,[6] but she was not selected. She was inducted into the San Diego Tennis Hall of Fame in 2010.[7] Todd was inducted to the Southern California Tennis Association Hall of Fame, 2011.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Patricia married Richard Bradburn Todd on December 25, 1941. They had two children, Patrica Ann Todd on November 7, 1943 and Whitney Seaton Todd on July 1, 1953. She died on September 5, 2015 in Encinitas, California, at the age of 93.[8]

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline[edit]

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held. SR=strike rate (events won/competed)
Tournament 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 19471 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 – 1956 1957 Career SR
Australian Championships A A A NH NH NH NH NH A A A A A A A A A 0 / 0
French Championships A A NH R R R R A 3R W SF A F A A A A 1 / 4
Wimbledon A A NH NH NH NH NH NH 3R QF SF SF SF A SF A A 0 / 6
U.S. Championships 1R 1R 3R 3R 2R A 2R QF SF QF SF QF QF 3R A A 3R 0 / 14
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 2 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 0 0 / 1 1 / 24

R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946 and 1947, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Grand Slam finals[edit]

Singles (1 title, 1 runner-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score
Winner 1947 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart 6–3, 3–6, 6–4
Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart 4–6, 6–4, 2–6

Doubles (2 titles, 8 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1943 U.S. Championships Grass United States Mary Arnold Prentiss United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
1–6, 3–6
Runner-up 1946 U.S. Championships Grass United States Mary Arnold Prentiss United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
1–6, 3–6
Winner 1947 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 6–4, 7–5
Runner-up 1947 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
5–7, 2–6
Runner-up 1947 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
7–5, 3–6, 5–7
Winner 1948 French Championships Clay United States Doris Hart United States Shirley Fry Irvin
United States Mary Arnold Prentiss
6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 1948 Wimbledon Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
3–6, 6–3, 3–6
Runner-up 1948 U.S. Championships Grass United States Doris Hart United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
4–6, 10–8, 1–6
Runner-up 1949 Wimbledon Grass United States Gertrude Moran United States Louise Brough
United States Margaret Osborne duPont
6–8, 5–7
Runner-up 1951 U.S. Championships Grass United States Nancy Chaffee Kinner United States Shirley Fry Irvin
United States Doris Hart
4–6, 2–6

Mixed doubles (1 titles, 3 runners-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score
Runner-up 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Argentina Alejo Russell United States Louise Brough
United States Frederick Schroeder
6–3, 1–6, 4–6
Winner 1948 French Championships Clay Czechoslovakia Jaroslav Drobný United States Doris Hart
Australia Frank Sedgman
6–3, 3–6, 6–3
Runner-up 1950 French Championships Clay United States Bill Talbert United States Barbara Scofield Davidson
Argentina Enrique Morea
Walkover
Runner-up 1950 Wimbledon Grass Australia Geoff Brown United States Louise Brough
South Africa Eric Sturgess
9–11, 6–1, 4–6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Patricia Todd Spills Favorite", Portland Press Herald, July 21, 1947, page 12
  2. ^ a b c Bud Collins (2008). The Bud Collins History of Tennis: An Authoritative Encyclopedia and Record Book. New York City: New Chapter Press. ISBN 0-942257-41-3.
  3. ^ United States Tennis Association (1988). 1988 Official USTA Tennis Yearbook. Lynn, Massachusetts: H. O. Zimman, Inc. p. 261.
  4. ^ "Pat Todd Claims USLTA Unfair In Ranking Players". The Evening Independent. Associated Presd. December 21, 1948. p. 20.
  5. ^ "USLTA Steps Up Date for Meet", The Salt Lake Tribune, January 23, 1949, page 8B
  6. ^ Courier, Noah, Novotna among Tennis Hall of Fame nominees
  7. ^ "San Diego Tennis Hall of Fame". San Diego Tennis association. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  8. ^ Slotnik, Daniel E. (November 1, 2015). "Patricia Canning Todd, Tennis Champion Who Refused to Play on Side Court, Is Dead at 93". The New York Times. Retrieved November 2, 2015.