|Bronx and Pelham Parkway|
Map of the Bronx with Pelham Parkway highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYCDOT|
|Length||2.25 mi (3.62 km)|
|Restrictions||No trucks, buses, or trailers (except on service road)|
|West end||Bronx River Parkway / US 1 in Bronx Park|
|Hutchinson River Parkway in Pelham Bay|
|East end||I-95 in Pelham Bay Park|
The Bronx and Pelham Parkway, also known formally as the Bronx–Pelham Parkway but called Pelham Parkway in everyday use, is a 2.25-mile-long (3.62 km) parkway in the borough of the Bronx in New York City. Despite the parkway moniker, Pelham Parkway is partially limited access and partially a local street, with two main roadways (one in each direction), and two service roads during the local street section. Like other parkways in New York City, commercial traffic is not permitted, and is redirected to the service roads.
Pelham Parkway runs from the Bronx River Parkway (at a mutual junction with US-1 within Bronx Park) out to Pelham Bay Park, hence the name, as it connects the two parks. A bikeway runs alongside. At the eastern end, it intersects with Interstate 95 (the New England Thruway). Though the parkway ends here, the road itself continues as Shore Road. At its west end, it continues as East Fordham Road, then West Fordham Road (after passing Jerome Avenue) and in Manhattan as West 207th Street. The residential neighborhood that surrounds the parkway is known as Morris Park. The parkway is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation.
Pelham Parkway begins at an interchange with the Bronx River Parkway (exit 7W–E) in the Bronx Park section of the Bronx. An eastward continuation of East Fordham Road, Pelham Parkway is a six-lane divided parkway, crossing under the New York City Subway's IRT White Plains Road Line (the 2 and 5 trains) at the Pelham Parkway station. The parkway continues east through the Morris Park neighborhood, passing and intersecting with Williamsbridge Road. At this interchange, it crosses over the IRT Dyre Avenue Line (the 5 train) at the underground Pelham Parkway station on that line. The parkway bends eastward, crossing Eastchester Road, then Stillwell Avenue merges into the parkway.
After Stillwell Avenue and leaving Morris Park, the parkway becomes a limited-access freeway, meaning that all entrances and exits are via ramps instead of intersections and has a median or center barrier. The parkway crosses over the Northeast Corridor tracks and enters Pelham Bay. In the park, it enters a cloverleaf interchange with the Hutchinson River Parkway (exit 3). Less than 0.5 miles (0.80 km) later, the parkway enters a cloverleaf with I-95 (the New England Thruway). This junction serves as the eastern terminus of Pelham Parkway, which continues east into Pelham Bay Park as Shore Road. The East Coast Greenway travels along Pelham Parkway and Shore Road.
The speed limit on the parkway is 30 miles per hour (48 km/h) between Boston Road and Stillwell Avenue (the surface road section), and 40 miles per hour (64 km/h) between Stillwell Avenue and Shore Road (the limited access section).
Pelham Parkway is maintained by the New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT), while the surrounding landscaping and bike path are managed by the New York City Parks Department. The parkway is designated as New York State Route 907F (NY 907F), an unsigned reference route, by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT). The parkway has a very park-like feel, and between White Plains Road and Stillwell Avenue has a very wide median and wide gaps between the main and frontage roads on both sides. The space between the main and frontage roads on the north side is used as a park, with benches and walking paths. The parkway also has two bike paths between Boston Road and Stillwell Avenue, one for each direction. The park-like elements not only make the parkway a more enjoyable road to drive on but minimize its disruption to the mostly residential Morris Park neighborhood.
The original Pelham Parkway was built in 1911 and opened in 1912 as a small, two-lane road in today's westbound lanes through what was then rural Westchester County. The road had strict building codes, as nobody could build within 150 feet of it. This code has obviously been lifted. This version of the Pelham Parkway is nothing like the current one.
When New York City boomed after World War I and the Bronx became part of the city and neighborhoods, highways, and parks built up, it was clearly time to make the Pelham Parkway a real commuter route. Construction on today's Pelham Parkway started in 1935 under well-known road designer Robert Moses and was completed in 1937. It was built to connect Bronx Park with Pelham Bay Park/Orchard Beach and City Island. Since the parkway connects two parks, Moses wanted it to feel like motorists were driving through a park, so he used the land around the parkway to install lawns and trees.
In the 1950s, Moses wanted to upgrade the parkway to a limited-access freeway and extend it to the Henry Hudson Parkway in the Inwood neighborhood of Manhattan. It would also connect to proposed limited-access upgrade and extension of the Mosholu Parkway and a large interchange with I-95 and a never built portion of I-895 at the current interchange with I-95 in Pelham Bay. None of this, besides a small portion of I-895 (the Sheridan Expressway) that is now being dismantled and turned into a boulevard, was built. Only the section from Shore Road to Stillwell Avenue was upgraded to limited access. The rest was stopped by not only community opposition in Morris Park and Fordham, but also the fact that not that many lawmakers in New York listened to Robert Moses anymore, as he had gone too far with his highway proposals with ideas like the never built Lower Manhattan Expressway and Mid-Manhattan Expressway and the partially built Sheridan Expressway. Lawmakers and residents were sick of Moses ruining neighborhoods with large expressways, and the same went for the Pelham Parkway. Moses' career in New York was basically over in the late 1950s, and he focused on other projects such as Boston's Central Artery. West of Stillwell Avenue, the original parkway and its beauty is mostly still intact today.
In 2010, many trees were cut down along the Pelham Parkway so that NYSDOT could install a guardrail in response to an uptick in accidents. While there was local opposition to this, the project was carried out, and the parks department vowed to plant 200 new trees along the parkway.
|Bronx Park||0.00||0.00||US 1 (Fordham Road / Boston Road) / Bronx River Parkway||At grade intersection with US 1; cloverleaf interchange with Bronx River Parkway|
|Western terminus of frontage roads|
|Morris Park||0.10||0.16||White Plains Road||At-grade intersection|
|0.65||1.05||Williamsbridge Road||At-grade intersection|
|1.35||2.17||Eastchester Road||At grade intersection; serves Jacobi Medical Center|
|1.50||2.41||Stillwell Avenue||At-grade intersection|
|Eastern terminus of frontage roads; western terminus of limited access section|
|Pelham Bay||1.87||3.01||Hutchinson River Parkway / Bruckner Boulevard south – Rye, Whitestone Bridge, New England||Interchange; westbound access to Parkway north is via I-95 north; exits 3S-N on Hutchinson Parkway|
|2.25||3.62||I-95 to Hutchinson River Parkway north – Co-op City, George Washington Bridge, Throggs Neck Bridge||Interchange; exits 8B-C on I-95|
|Shore Road – Orchard Beach, City Island||Continues east into Pelham Bay Park|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 254. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Microsoft; Nokia (February 20, 2013). "overview map of Pelham Parkway" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- "History of the Pelham Parkway". The New York Institute of Special Education. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- "5 Things in NYC We Can Blame on Robert Moses". Untapped Cities. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- "Bronx Greenbelt: Mosholu and Pelham Parkways". Forgotten NY. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- Pelham Parkway at
- Pelham Parkway & Pelham Bay-Shore Drive @ NYCROADS.com