Philip II (Roman Emperor)

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Philip II
Augustus
Bust of Philip II (emperor) in Venice.jpg
Bust of Philippus II
Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign247–249
PredecessorPhilip the Arab (alone)
SuccessorDecius and Herennius Etruscus
Co-emperorPhilip the Arab
Born237
Died249 (aged 12)
Rome
Full name
Marcus Julius Severus Philippus
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Severus Philippus Augustus
FatherPhilip the Arab
MotherMarcia Otacilia Severa

Marcus Julius Philippus Severus, also known as Philippus II, Philip II and Philip the Younger (238–249) was the son and heir of the Roman Emperor Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa. According to numismatic evidence, he had a sister called Julia Severa or Severina, whom the extant literary sources do not mention, and a brother, Quintus Philippus Severus.

When his father became emperor in 244, the younger Philip was appointed Caesar. In 247 he became consul, and was later elevated by his father to the rank of Augustus and co-ruler.

His father was killed in battle by his successor Decius in 249. When news of this death reached Rome, Philip was murdered by the Praetorian Guard. He died in his mother's arms, aged twelve years.

Family tree[edit]

previous
Gordian I
Roman Emperor
238
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gordian II
co-emperor
238
 
Antonia Gordiana
 
Vexilloid of the Roman Empire.svg
Philip the Arab
Roman Emperor
244-249
Marcia Otacilia Severa
 
next
Decius
Roman Emperor
249-251
Herenia Etruscilla
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gordian III
Roman Emperor
238-244
Tranquillina
 
Philippus II
co-emperor
247-249
 
Herennius Etruscus
co-emperor
251

External links[edit]

Media related to Philippus II at Wikimedia Commons

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Philip the Arab
Roman Emperor
247–249
Served alongside: Philip the Arab
Succeeded by
Decius
Political offices
Preceded by
Gaius Bruttius Praesens,
Gaius Allius Albinus
Consul of the Roman Empire
247–248
with Philip the Arab
Succeeded by
Lucius Fulvius Gavius Numisius Aemilianus,
Lucius Naevius Aquilinus