|Elevation||281 m (922 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code||+380 3543|
Pidvolochysk (Ukrainian: Підволочиськ, Polish: Podwołoczyska, Yiddish: Podvolitchisk, פּאָדוואָלאָטשיסק, Russian: Подволочиск) is an urban-type settlement in Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. It is situated on the right side of the river Zbruch, opposite Volochysk, Khmenytskyi oblast.
Population of Pidvolochysk - 8017 persons (2007).
There are natural monuments - Pidvolochysk Well, as well as Pidvolochysk Nature Reserve, near the settlement.
Pidvolochysk was the birthplace (1910) of Israel Scheib (later Eldad), radical nationalist Israeli politician and a leader of the anti-British Lehi underground organization. At the time of his birth, the town - like the rest of the then Austrian Galicia - was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Before World War II, a majority of the inhabitants were Jewish. In July 1941, Germans created a labor camp for the Jews. In 1942 part of the prisoners were transported to Zbaraż and Kamionka. In October 1942 the transport was sent to Bełżec extermination camp. The final annihilation of those who were left, took place during the liquidation of the camp on the 29th of June 1943.
- Israel Eldad, Jewish philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi
- Ignace Reiss, a defected Chekist
- Walter Krivitsky, a defected Chekist
- Efim Alexandrov, a Yiddish singer of Russia
- Lidia Winniczuk, a Polish philologist and historian, a member of the Warsaw Scientific Society and a professor of the Warsaw University
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