Pizhala

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Pizhala
Island
Coordinates: 10°02′55″N 76°15′30″E / 10.048705°N 76.258225°E / 10.048705; 76.258225Coordinates: 10°02′55″N 76°15′30″E / 10.048705°N 76.258225°E / 10.048705; 76.258225
CountryIndia
StateKerala
DistrictErnakulam
TalukasKanayannur
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English,
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
682027 (Pizhala P.O.)
Telephone code0484
Lok Sabha constituencyErnakulam
Nearest cityErnakulam/Kochi
Websitewww.pizhalapokkalitourism.com
Pizhala U P School
Catholic Church in Pizhala
Pokkali Field preparing for Fish farming

Pizhala is an island near Kochi surrounded by river Periyar. It is the central part and Capital of Kadamakkudy Grama Panchyath, Kanayannur[1] Taluk, Ernakulam District in the Indian state of Kerala. Pizhala island was formed naturally due to the great floods[2] of Periyar in 1341 AD,[3] which choked the Muziris[4] Port (near present-day Kodungallur[5]), one of the greatest ports in Ancient World.[6][7]

History[edit]

1341–1541[edit]

In 1341, The great flood in Periyar destroyed the Musiris Port.[8] The new port was created in Kochi along with lots of Islands.

Arising of Christian community

1741–1941[edit]

In 1859, due to order of The Vicariate of Verapoly[9] Archbishop Bernardo (Giuseppe) Baccinelli, O.C.D,[10] O.C.D Catholic missionaries[11] constructed first school(Pallikkoodam)[12] in Pizhala

Geography[edit]

Pizhala is made up of A sedimentary sand. River Periyar sediments sand and mud in the time of flood on AD 1341. Pizhala is situated on the northern side of Kochi[13] and the southern side of Varapuzha, the old headquarters of the Carmelite missionaries. This island is surrounded by the river Periyar. Major portion of the island is wet land i.e. Pokkali[14] Paddy Field. The island Pizhala includes South main land and North main land known as "Paliamthuruth".[15]

Culture[edit]

Jerry Amaldev stayed in Pizhala in his boyhood days.[16] His uncle Fr. Joseph Moonjappilly[16] was the parish priest[17] of St. Francis Xavier's Church, Pizhala.

Before 2010, Pizhala has only two wards one is Pizhala South[18] and Pizhala North.[19] Paliyam Thuruth[20] was included in Pizhala North Ward.

Kadamakkudy LSG Ward Members in Pizhala Before 2010
No Ward Member Pizhala South Ward Member Pizhala North Duration
1 Mr. E M Sebastian
A
Ward Member
Raman Master 1963-1979
2 Mr. E D Joseph
A
Ward Member
Mr. P R Vijayan 1979-1984
3 Mr. E A Francis
A
Ward Member
Mr. Purushothaman 1990-1995
4 Mr. E D Xavier[21] Mr. Suresh 1995-2000
5 Mrs. Valsa Francis Mrs. RajaLakshmi 2000-2005
6 Mr. E A Francis[22] Mr. Santhosh Kumar (Resigned)[22][23] & 2005-2010
7 Mrs. Rajani Pradeep 2010-2015
8 Mr. Prakashan 2015-Till date

In 2010, Pizhala has divided into three wards, They are Pizhala South, Pizhala North and Paliyam Thuruth.

Kadamakkudy LSG Ward Members in Pizhala After 2010
No Ward Member Pizhala South Ward Member Pizhala North Ward Member Paliyam Thuruth Duration
1 Valsa Francis[24] Mrs. Sheeba James(Disqualified)[25] & Mrs. Sofi Manoj[26] Mrs. Rajani Pradeep[27] 2010-2015
2 Mr. Cerine Xavier.P[28] Mr. Benny Xavier[28] Mr.V K Prakasan[28] 2015–Present
Other LSG Ward Members from Pizhala
No Higher Authority Name Duration
1 Cheranalloor Panchayath P R Lakshamanan -
2 Edappally Block Panchayath E D Xavier[29] 2005 - 2010
3 Ernakulam District Panchayath V V Joseph Master -

Education[edit]

"Pallikoodam" established and Davassy Assan was the first teacher. It upgraded and is now known as St Francis UP School.[30][31] People can study up to 7th standard. Students have been from Pizhala, Moolampilly and Chennur. Also there is three play schools; "Baalavaadi" One is near to St. Francis UP school, Second Second One near to Shree Vaishanava Temple and the last one in Paliyamthuruth.

Head Masters /Mistress of St. Francis School Pizhala.
No Name of Head Master/Mistress Duration
1 Shree. Kumara Menon Master -
2 Shree. Kakko Master -
3 Shree. E M Francis Master -
4 Shreemathi. E M Mary Teacher -
5 Shree. E F Francis Master -
6 Shree. K N Antony Master - -1999
7 Shreemathi. K V Elsy Teacher -
8 Shreemathi. P S Saify Teacher -
9 Shree. K V Williams Master - Till Date

Religion[edit]

Pizhala has a Protestant church, One Catholic Church named as St. Francis Xaviers Church, Moorthinkal Shree Vaishnava Kshethram owned by Kudumbi Community Temple, Shree Balabhadra Temple controlled by Pulaya Community and Eight Family Temples.

Shree Balabhadra Temple[edit]

Shree Balabhadra Temple is First Temple in Pizhala. It has a history of more than a century. It is situated near to the primary health center Pizhala. Shree Bala Bhadra Temple is controlled By Pulya Maha Sabha Community. Shree Balabhadra Temple is opening for "pooja" on a couple of days in every month

Moorthinkal Shree Vaishnava Kshethram[edit]

Pizhala Moorthinkal Shree Vaishnava Kshethram. It is Hindhu kudumbi Community Temple
Pizhala Temple

Moorthinkal Shree Vaishanava Kshethram, is important temple in pizhala. This Temple was constructed on 1924 under Kudumbi Community. Total Area of this temple is around one acre. Maha Vishnu is the main worship god of this temple. "Bhagavathi", "Brahma Rakshas", "Nagayakshi" and "Naga raj" are the sub worship of it. Temple will open for worship every morning and evening.

Temple Festival[edit]

celebrate according to Shaka Varsha Calneder. It will conducted on rohini star day In the month of Makham in Shaka varsha Calneder. It is five day festival. It is very amazing Festival.

Manjakkuli or Holi[edit]

Nirapoothiri[edit]

St Francis Xaviers Church, Pizhala[edit]

Different Eras of Catholic Church Pizhala[edit]

Different Eras of Catholic Church Pizhala
Different Eras Duration No.of Parish Priests
Under Verapoly Parish 1892 -1918 8
Under Kothad Parish 1918 - 1939 7
Independent Parish 1939 - Till Date 24

Family Temples[edit]

No Name of Temple Worship Controlling Family Date of Construction
1 Vanadurga Temple Vanadurga Valiya Veetil Family -
2 Maravan Temple Maravan Devaswam Parambil Family -
3 Hanuman Temple Hanuman Panakkapparambil Family -
4 Vanadurga Temple Vanadurga Theruviparambi Family -First Temple
5 Shreerama Temple Shreeraman Theruviparambi Family - Second Temple -
6 Thekkan Chovva Bagavathi Temple Thekkan Chovva Bagavathi Arisserry Parambil Family -
7 Nagadevatha Temple Nagadevatha Theruviparambil Family - Third Temple -
8 Shreerama Temple Shreerama Theruviparambil Family - Fourth Temple -

Agriculture[edit]

Pokkali rice Cultivation on June to October Season. Fish and Shrimp[32] Farming on October - April Season

Proverbs[edit]

Because of The High Yield of Pokkali Cultivation, This Proverb arose in Kadamakkudy Region.(പിഴലയിൽ പാഴില്ല) Nothing wasted in Pizhala

Economy and business[edit]

Agriculture and fishing. Pokkali Krishi Kudumba Shree self-help groups are actively participating in the economy of Pizhala

Transport[edit]

Moolampilly-Pizhala Ferry[33] (south), Kothad-Pizhala Ferry (east), Kadamakkudy-Pizhala Ferry (north west) and Chariamthuruth-Chennur-Pizhala (north east) Ferry are the four ferries which connect Pizhala island with the mainland. With the construction of Vallarpadam International Container Terminal Road, transportation has been made a little easier. The bridge between moolampilly and Pizhala is under construction. All piling work is over. There is boat service between Ernakulam-Varapuzha and South Chittoor-Kadamakkudy.

Pizhala has two parts - Pizhala Mainland and Paliyamthuruthu.

Infrastructure[edit]

Kerala government order for Pizhala-Puthussery Road

Pizhala is one of the backwards island in Ernakulam District even if it is naturally beautiful.

The Main Government Offices on Pizhala Island are:

Korampadam Service Co-operative Bank Ltd.No.178

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chief Electoral Officer, Kerala". Ceo.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Flood of Periyar. Ancient History of Calicut (Kozhikode), and Kerala". Calicutnet.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 January 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Muziris Heritage Tourism Project, Muziris Excavations, Muziris Museums". Muzirisheritage.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 January 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 October 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Locating the ancient port of Musiris" (PDF). Journalofromanarch.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  9. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Verapoly". Newadvent.org. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Archbishop Bernardo (Giuseppe) Baccinelli, O.C.D." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Sparks Fly over a Revolutionary Concept in Education". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  13. ^ "Destination Kochi / Cochin". Cochin.org. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Oryza sativa Germplasm "Pokkali"". Archive.gramene.org. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  15. ^ Reporter, Staff (3 June 2014). "Kadamakudy to soon get dedicated water supply". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  16. ^ a b Francis Dianish Odipattil Sebastian (19 October 2013). "Jerry Amaldev talking about Pizhala Churuch and Our Great Vicar Fr. Joseph Moonjappilly". YouTube. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Parish priest definition and meaning - Collins English Dictionary". Collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Pizhala South Ward". Pizhala South Ward. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Pizhala North Ward". Pizhala North Ward. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Paliyamthuruthu Ward". Paliyamthuruthu Ward. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  21. ^ "The Hindu : Kerala / Kochi News : Kadamakudi residents voice their concern over rail link proposal". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  22. ^ a b "തദ്ദേശ സ്വയംഭരണ വകുപ്പ് - LSGD Kerala". lsgkerala.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
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  26. ^ "Candidate Info - Local Self Government Department, Govt. of Kerala, India". Lsgkerala.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  27. ^ "Candidate Info - Local Self Government Department, Govt. of Kerala, India". Lsgkerala.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  28. ^ a b c "തദ്ദേശ സ്വയംഭരണ വകുപ്പ് - LSGD Kerala". Lsgkerala.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  29. ^ "Election Details". Lsgkerala.gov.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  30. ^ "St.Teresa's College (autonomous) - Women's College in Kochi". Teresas.ac.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
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  32. ^ "Cage fish harvest in festive mmod" (PDF). Kvkernakulam.org.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  33. ^ Martin, K. a (23 August 2013). "For Pizhala islanders, wait for bridge continues". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  35. ^ Kumar, Suresh (15 January 2014). "Aid across water". Thehindu.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
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  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  39. ^ "Bank Branches - Union Bank of India Pizhala". Bankbranchin.com. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  40. ^ "Pizhala PinCode 682027 Ernakulam Ernakulam, Kerala PinCode: 682027". 1min.in. Retrieved 27 February 2019.

External links[edit]