Plaça de Francesc Macià, Barcelona
Plaça de Francesc Macià (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈplasə ðə fɾənˈsɛzɡ məsiˈa]) is a square in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Located in one of the main business areas of the city, it is one of the most transited points of Barcelona. It is crossed by Avinguda Diagonal and several other major thoroughfares: Avinguda de Josep Tarradellas, Travessera de Gràcia, Carrer del Comte d'Urgell and Avinguda de Pau Casals. It is part of the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district, even though it borders two other districts of Barcelona: Les Corts and Eixample.
The central part of the square contains a pond modelled after the shape of Menorca, the birthplace of its architect, Nicolau Rubió i Tudurí, as well as feminine sculpture called Joventut ("youth") designed by Josep Manuel Benedicto, added in 1953.
The square was devised by Nicolau Rubió i Tudurí in the 1930s as part of the urban reform envisioned for Barcelona, under the specific name of Proyecto de Urbanización de la Avenida de Alfonso XIII, entre la calle Urgel, desde el Palacio Real hasta el límite del término municipal ("urbanisation project for Alfonso XIII Avenue, between Carrer d'Urgell, from Palau Reial to city government limits"). The square's name has been changed in repeated occasions over time until the transition to democracy (1975-1978). In 1979 its current name was adopted.
This is the complete list of names given to the square:
- 1932: Alcalá Zamora - former president of the Second Spanish Republic.
- 1936: Hermanos Badía - honouring brothers Josep Badia and Miquel Badia, murdered by FAI members earlier that year.
- 1939: Calvo Sotelo - right-wing monarchist politician during Primo de Rivera's dictatorship and the Second Spanish Republic, murdered in 1936, considered a "martyr of the crusade" during Francisco Franco's dictatorship.
- 1979: Francesc Macià
It can also be accessed using the following bus lines: 6, 7, 14, 15, 27, 32, 33, 34, 41, 54, 59, 63, 66, 67 and 68.
- Jesús Portavella i Isidoro (2005), Itineraris: Sant Gervasi, Ayuntamiento de Barcelona. ISBN 978-84-9850-032-5 (in Catalan).
- Enciclopèdia Catalana (2006), Enciclopèdia de Barcelona, Vol. 3. ISBN 84-412-1397-6 (in Catalan).
- Plaça Francesc Macià at the urban guide of bcn.cat
- Google Maps.
- Article about Avinguda Diagonal, including info on the square.
- Francesc Macià at the TMB website.