Plainview, Texas

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Plainview, Texas
Plainview1 (1 of 1).jpg
Hale County Plainview.svg
Plainview is located in Texas
Plainview
Plainview
Plainview is located in the United States
Plainview
Plainview
Coordinates: 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889Coordinates: 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyHale
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Wendell Dunlap
Charles Starnes
Larry Williams
Norma Juarez
Teressa King
Susan Blackerby
John Gatica
Oliver Aldape
 • City ManagerJeffrey Snyder
Area
 • Total13.8 sq mi (35.7 km2)
 • Land13.8 sq mi (35.7 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation
3,366 ft (1,026 m)
Population
 • Total22,194
 • Density1,621.0/sq mi (621.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
79072-79073
Area code(s)806
FIPS code48-57980[1]
GNIS feature ID1365375[2]
Websiteplainviewtx.org

Plainview is a city in and the county seat of Hale County, Texas, United States.[3] The population was 22,194 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Plainview is located at 34°11′28″N 101°43′8″W / 34.19111°N 101.71889°W / 34.19111; -101.71889 (34.191204, -101.718806) and is located on the Llano Estacado.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.8 square miles (36 km2), all land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Plainview has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19102,829
19203,98941.0%
19308,834121.5%
19408,263−6.5%
195014,04470.0%
196018,73533.4%
197019,0961.9%
198022,18716.2%
199021,700−2.2%
200022,3362.9%
201022,194−0.6%
Est. 201620,859[6]−6.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,336 people, 7,626 households, and 5,666 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,621.0 inhabitants per square mile (625.9/km2). There were 8,471 housing units at an average density of 614.8/sq mi (237.4/km2). The racial distribution within the city was 63.21% White, 5.87% African American, 1.13% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 26.53% from other races, and 2.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.83% of the population.

There were 7,626 households of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. Approximately 22.7% of all households were composed of single individuals, and 11.2% were households of persons 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.82, and the average family size is four.

In the city, the population was 31.0% under the age of 18, 11.5% aged from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income per household was $31,551, and the median income per family was $35,215. Males had a median income of $26,434 versus $19,888 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,791. About 15.0% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18, and 14.8% of those aged 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

In 2009, the Texas Department of State Health Services ordered the recall of all products produced by a processing facility near Plainview owned by Peanut Corporation of America. Rodents, excrement and feathers in the plant had been found in the facilities products. The closure was not related to closures PCA plants due to salmonella concerns.[8]

A Cargill beef processing plant, then the largest employer in the city, closed in 2013 due to lack of incoming animals. A result of the 2010–2012 drought. The closure created challenges for the city, as an estimated 2,300 employees and their families relocated.[9]

Government[edit]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Region V office is located in Plainview.[10] The current Region V headquarters opened in 1996 in a former Bank of America building.[11]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Plainview Independent School District, which enrolls 5,585 students as of 2018.[12] The district attracts transfer students from surrounding school districts. Due to the PISD's size compared to surrounding districts, many of the district's schools provide extensive support for disabled students and students with special needs not available at other schools outside the district, in addition to more specialized courses. The mascot for the Plainview High School is a grey English bulldog nicknamed "Big Red".[13]

Wayland Baptist University, a private four-year coeducational Baptist university, is based in the city. In 1908, when the school was founded, the campus was more than one mile from the city limit. The Museum of the Llano Estacado, which opened in 1976, is located on the university grounds.[14] The museum is home to a permanent exhibit featuring artifacts from the Plainview Site, and fossilized remains of a mammoth known as the Imperial Mammoth.[15]

An extension of South Plains College serves the residents of the city.

Media[edit]

The Plainview Herald, formerly the Plainview Daily Herald, is the city's only remaining newspaper. It was acquired from local owners by Hearst Communications in 1979. It is among the oldest newspapers in Texas still in publication. It became fully computer paginated in 1994, the same year it began publishing an online edition. Customers in the city are also served by the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal, which often reports on news from Plainview.

Eight radio stations broadcast from Plainview, including KVOP which is the oldest radio station in the city. KVOP's callsign originally meant "Voice of Plainview". The city is within the Lubbock television market. Due to the terrain, television stations based in Amarillo can be received over-the-air, either directly or via repeaters north of the city. Prior to 1993, virtually all stations broadcast from Lubbock and Amarillo markets were retransmitted by the local cable operator. After changes were made to must-cary rules by the FCC only stations from Lubbock are available to cable and digital satellite customers in the city.

The Steve Martin film Leap of Faith (1992) was filmed in and around Plainview. Several residents were hired as extras for the film. Until 2016, a water tower east of downtown bore the name and mascot of the fictional town in which the movie is based: Rustwater Bengals.

An episode of Vice falsely portrayed the city as a ghost town in a documentary feature called "Deliver Us from Drought", despite 22,000 residents still living in the city at the time of filming.[16] The feature used locations in the city, many of which had been closed or abandoned for years, as examples of rural flight following a drought crisis. The Vice feature followed the template of a documentary short "Dry and Drier in West Texas", which was broadcast on Showtime.[17] Both documentaries portrayed residents of the city as excessively religious.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau (2011-02-12). "U.S. Gazetteer: 2010, 2000, and 1990". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Plainview, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Dead rodents, excrement in peanut processor lead to recall - CNN.com". www.cnn.com. 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  9. ^ Fernandez, Manny (2013-02-27). "Drought Takes Its Toll on a Texas Business and a Town". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  10. ^ "Region V Director's Office." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on January 2, 2010.
  11. ^ "REGION FIVE PRISON HEADQUARTERS OPENS." Plainview Daily Herald. July 18, 1996. Retrieved on May 6, 2010. "The new headquarters' home is the former Bank of America building which was owned by the..."
  12. ^ "District Overview / District Overview". www.plainviewisd.org. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  13. ^ "Plainview Bulldogs". kcbd.com. 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  14. ^ Davis, Charles G. (2010-06-15). "PLAINVIEW, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  15. ^ "Imperial Mammoth". Plainview, TX. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  16. ^ Marquez, Homer (2014-05-21). "2 new documentaries cite Plainview's plight". Plainview Daily Herald. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  17. ^ "Dry and Drier in West Texas – The Story Group". Retrieved 2018-12-22.

External links[edit]