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Platichthys flesus 1.jpg
European flounder (P. flesus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Pleuronectidae
Subfamily: Pleuronectinae
Genus: Platichthys
Girard, 1854
Type species
Platichthys rugosus
Girard, 1854
  • Flesus Moreau, 1881
  • Pseudoplatichthys Hikita, 1934

Platichthys is a genus of flatfish native to the North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans. Despite being in the family Pleuronectidae (popularly known as righteye flounders), all three species in the genus Platichthys are often "lefteyed", i.e. they lie on the sea bottom on their right side, with both eyes on the left side.[1][2]


There are currently three recognized species in this genus:[3][4]


  1. ^ Eschmeyer W.N.; Herald, E.S.; and Hammann, H. (1983). A Field Guide to Pacific Coast Fishes. Peterson Field Guides. ISBN 978-0618002122
  2. ^ Muus, B.J; Nielsen, J.G.; Dahlstrøm, P.; Nyström, B.O. (1991). Sea Fish. ISBN 978-8790787004
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). Species of Platichthys in FishBase. October 2012 version.
  4. ^ Merilä, Juha; Jokinen, Henri; Denys, Gaël P. J.; Momigliano, Paolo (2018). "Platichthys solemdali sp. nov. (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes): A New Flounder Species From the Baltic Sea". Frontiers in Marine Science. 5. doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00225. ISSN 2296-7745.

Further reading[edit]

  • Momigliano, M.; G.P.J. Denys; H. Jokinen; and J. Merilä (2018). Platichthys solemdali sp. nov. (Actinopterygii, Pleuronectiformes): A New Flounder Species From the Baltic Sea. Front. Mar. Sci. 5(225). doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00225