Police ranks of the United Kingdom

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Law enforcement
in the United Kingdom
Topics
Equipment
Types of agency
Types of agent

Most of the police forces of the United Kingdom use a standardised set of ranks, with a slight variation in the most senior ranks for the Metropolitan Police Service and City of London Police.[1][2] Most of the British police ranks that exist today were chosen by Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the Metropolitan Police, enacted under the Metropolitan Police Act of 1829. The ranks at that time were deliberately chosen so that they did not correspond with military ranking (with the exception of Sergeant), because of fears of a paramilitary force.

The ranks are listed below in ascending order:

See also: variations for the ranks in London, Northern Ireland and the Isle of Man.

Rank insignia[edit]

Badges of rank are usually worn on the epaulettes. However, when in their formal uniform sergeants wear their rank insignia on their upper sleeves.[1][2] When police tunics had closed collars (not open collars as worn with ties), constables and sergeants did not wear epaulettes but had their divisional call number on their collar (hence they are still often referred to as collar numbers). Sergeants wore their stripes on their upper sleeve. Inspectors and more senior ranks wore epaulettes at a much earlier stage, although they once wore their rank insignia on their collars. Most forces no longer use divisional call numbers, and retain only the collar number and rank insignia.

United Kingdom police ranks (up to chief superintendent)
Rank Constable Sergeant Inspector Chief inspector Superintendent Chief superintendent
Insignia UK Police Constable Epaulette UK Patrol Sergeant Epaulette UK Police Inspector Epaulette UK Police Chief Inspector Epaulette UK Police Superintendant Epaulette UK Police Chief Superintendant Epaulette
United Kingdom police ranks (chief officers)
Rank Assistant chief constable Deputy chief constable Chief constable (red)
City of London Police rank Commander Assistant commissioner Commissioner
Metropolitan Police rank Commander Deputy Assistant Commissioner Assistant commissioner (blue) Deputy commissioner Commissioner
Insignia UK Police Assistent Chief Constable Epaulette UK Police Deputy Chief Constable Epaulette UK Police Chief Constable Epaulette Met Assistant Commissioner Epaulette Met Dep Commissioner Epaulette Met Commissioner Eppaulette


Senior officers usually wear distinguishing marks around the outer edge of the peaks of their caps (or under the capbadge for female officers, who do not wear peaked caps). Normally this is a raised black band for inspectors and chief inspectors, a silver (gold in the City of London Police) band for superintendents and chief superintendents, and a row of silver (gold in the City of London Police) oakleaves for chief officers. Chief constables, the Commissioner of the City of London Police, and all commissioner ranks of the Metropolitan Police wear oakleaves on both the outer and inner edges of their peaks (or a double row beneath the capbadge for female officers). In Scotland, however, the mark is a silver band for inspectors and chief inspectors, a silver band and silver oakleaves on the outer and inner edges of the peak respectively for superintendents and chief superintendents, and silver oakleaves on the outer and inner edges of the peak for all chief officers.

Additionally, officers at or above the rank of commander or assistant chief constable wear gorget patches on the collars of their tunics. The gorget patches are patterned after those worn by general officers of the British Army and Royal Marines; the police versions, however, are of silver on black (gold on black in the City of London Police) rather than gold on red, in keeping with the police uniform colours.

The above ranks are used by all territorial forces in the United Kingdom, and the specialist national forces: the British Transport Police, Ministry of Defence Police, and Civil Nuclear Constabulary.[3] Other specialist forces, and those outside of the United Kingdom (including the Channel Islands, the Isle of Man and Gibraltar) use the same general system, but often have fewer senior ranks.

Chief Constable is the title of the head of each United Kingdom territorial police force except the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police, which are headed by commissioners. Ranks above chief superintendent are usually non-operational management roles, and are often referred to as "chief officer" ranks but the longer phrase "chief police officer" or similar in legislation is specifically a commissioner or chief constable, a "senior police officer" being their immediate deputy.[4] The Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police is often considered to be the highest police rank within the United Kingdom,[5] although in reality every chief constable and the two commissioners are supreme over their own forces and are not answerable to any other officer;[citation needed] there is also the matter that (in the absence of mutual aid arrangements and similar) a police officer of any rank only holds the office of constable in any of the three UK national jurisdiction(s) in which he/she has been attested thus implicitly limiting any general comparison or ranking to a chief police officer's home jurisdiction.[citation needed]

Epaulettes are normally black with white sewn on or silver metal insignia, although high-visibility uniforms are often yellow with black insignia.

Uniform insignia[edit]

The rank of an officer can be found in varying details of the uniform such as headgear, sleeve patches and tunic collar details, although these details do not vary for every rank.

Illustration of uniform tunics insignia to denote rank in British police forces
Ranks Constable Sergeant Inspector
up to chief
superintendent
Assistant chief
constable
up to
deputy chief
constable
Assistant commissioner
up to commissioner
(and chief constable)
Uniform
insignia
PoliceTunic1-Constable.png PoliceTunic2-Sergeant.png PoliceTunic5-LowRanks.png PoliceTunic3-MidRanks.png PoliceTunic4-SeniorRanks.png


Illustrations of headgear used to denote rank in British police forces
Ranks Police
community
support officer
Constable
and sergeant
Inspector
and chief
inspector
Superintendent
and chief
superintendent
Commander/Asst Ch Const and
Dep Asst Commr/Dep Ch Const
Assistant commissioner
to commissioner
and chief constable
Foot patrol
(male)
PoliceHeadgear3 - PCSOCap2.png
PoliceHeadgear3 - PCSOCap1.png
PoliceHeadgear1 - BrunswickHelmet.png PoliceHeadgear2 - PeakedCap1.png PoliceHeadgear3 - PeakedCap2.png PoliceHeadgear3 - PeakedCap3.png PoliceHeadgear4-HighestPeakedCap.png
Mobile patrol
(male)
PoliceHeadgear2 - PeakedCap1.png
Foot and
mobile patrol
(female)
PoliceHeadgearFemale2-PCSOB.png
PoliceHeadgearFemale1-PCSOA.png
PoliceHeadgearFemale3-Constable.png PoliceHeadgearFemale3-Constable.png PoliceHeadgearFemale5-Mid.png PoliceHeadgearFemale7-Senior.png PoliceHeadgearFemale8-Highest.png
Traffic officer
(male)
PoliceHeadgear3 - RoadTrafficCap.png PoliceHeadgear3 - RoadTrafficCap.png PoliceHeadgear4-MidRankRoadsPolicingUnit.png
Traffic officer
(female)
PoliceHeadgearFemale4-ConstableRPU.png PoliceHeadgearFemale4-ConstableRPU.png PoliceHeadgearFemale6-MidRPU.png
Police Scotland, Thames Valley Police, West Yorkshire Police, and the Police Service of Northern Ireland do not wear the custodian helmet, instead using the peaked cap (which is also now worn by female officers in West Yorkshire Police). Cheshire Constabulary, Lancashire Police, and Northamptonshire Police have adopted hardened baseball-style caps for operational use. All English and Welsh forces retain the custodian helmet and other traditional headwear for ceremonial duties, however. Hampshire Constabulary have two versions of the custodian helmet for constables and sergeants. Although not visible here, hats worn by inspectors and chief inspectors have a raised black band along the outer edge of the peak (for male officers) or a black arc below the cap badge (for female officers). Merseyside Police and Police Scotland inspectors and chief inspectors wear similar hats to superintendents and chief superintendents elsewhere. Police Scotland superintendents and chief superintendents wear a row of oak leaves within the silver band. Police Scotland assistant and deputy chief constables wear two rows of oak leaves (as per chief constables).

Examples of variations[edit]

City of London Police[edit]

The City of London Police has different ranks above chief superintendent:

City of London Police insignia is gold where that of other forces is silver. For example, rank insignia and collar numbers on epaulettes are gold, as are the bands and oakleaves on the caps of senior officers, and officers of or above the rank of commander wear gold-on-black gorget patches on the collars of their tunics.

The City of London Police also previously had variations for some acting ranks such as sergeant and inspector: acting sergeants wore their chevrons above their divisional letters (or later "CP" for all officers, following the abolition of the force's divisions), whereas substantive sergeants wear them below their collar number. Acting inspectors were denoted by a crown in the place of their divisional letters, whilst keeping their collar number and chevrons.

Ranks of the City of London Police
Rank Police
community
support
officer
Constable Sergeant Inspector Chief
inspector
Insignia CoLP Insignia - PCSO.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Constable.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Sergeant.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Inspector.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Chief Inspector.png
Rank Superintendent Chief
superintendent
Commander Assistant
commissioner
Commissioner
Insignia CoLP New Rank Insignia - Superintendent.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Chief Superintendent.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Commander.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Assistant Commissioner.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Commissioner.png

Royal Ulster Constabulary/Police Service of Northern Ireland[edit]

The Royal Ulster Constabulary was headed by an Inspector-General and had a different rank structure until 1 June 1970, when it fully adopted the rank system used elsewhere in the United Kingdom. The RUC has now been succeeded by the Police Service of Northern Ireland, which uses the same ranks, but has a different version of the rank insignia, with the star from the PSNI badge replacing the crown.[6] Unusually, the star is worn below the pip by chief superintendents and by the Chief Constable, who wears both symbols above his tipstaves. The PSNI has retained the RUC's distinctive inverted (point-up) sergeants' chevrons.

Psni ranks.png

Isle of Man Constabulary[edit]

The Isle of Man Constabulary has fewer ranks above superintendent:

Miscellaneous police forces[edit]

There are, in the United Kingdom, a number of miscellaneous constabularies. These are not operated, regulated or funded by the Home Office, although they are fully authorised (by Act of Parliament) establishments. In general, they provide the policing for ports, docks, tunnels, or other particular institutions. Although these forces tend to require high standards of training and accountability, which closely mirror those of the Home Office police forces, they are usually much smaller in terms of personnel, and therefore utilise fewer of the 'standard' ranks.

History of police ranks[edit]

All police forces have used a wide variety of ranks to meet their organisational needs, especially the Metropolitan Police Service. Ranks have been created, abolished, amalgamated and sometimes revived during the history of British policing. "MET only" means they are specific for the Metropolitan Police.

Defunct rank insignia[edit]

Rank War
reserve
constable
Sub-
divisional
inspector
Station
inspector
Junior
station
inspector
Station
sergeant
Chief
inspector
Chief
superin-
tendent
Years
active
1939 –
1948
1880 –
1922
1922 –
1949
1880 –
1936
1936 –
1949
1936 –
1949
1890 –
1980
1868 –
1953
1949 –
1974
Rank
insignia
WarReserveConstableEpaulette.png Sub Divisional Inspector.png Uk-police-03.PNG Sub Divisional Inspector.png Station Inspector.png Junior Station Inspector 2nd.png Station Sergeant.png Uk-police-05.PNG Chief Superintendent 1949 1974.png

Powers[edit]

In law, every member of a police force is a Constable whatever their actual rank, in the sense that, despite being a low-ranking or high-ranking officer, all have the same powers of arrest. The basic police powers of arrest and search of an ordinary constable are identical to those of a superintendent or chief constable; however certain higher ranks are given administrative powers to authorise certain police actions. In England and Wales, these include the powers to:

  • authorise the continued detention of up to 24 hours of a person arrested for an offence and brought to a police station (granted to sergeants and above at designated police stations),
  • authorise section 18 (1) PACE house searches (granted to inspectors and above), or
  • extend the length of prisoner detention to 36 hours (granted to superintendents),
  • extend the length of bail from a police station to three months (granted to superintendents).[7]

Some authorities are matters of force or national or force policy and not subject to law, such as authorising the use of spike strips, and authorising the use of safe controlled crashes of pursued vehicles, by trained traffic police officers.

In relation to police officers of the Home Office or territorial police forces of England and Wales, section 30 of the Police Act 1996 states that "a member of a police force shall have all the powers and privileges of a Constable throughout England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters". Police officers do not need to be on duty to exercise their powers and can act off duty if circumstances require it (technically placing themselves back on duty). Officers from the police forces of Scotland and Northern Ireland and non-territorial special police forces have different jurisdictions. See List of police forces in the United Kingdom for a fuller description of jurisdictions.


Detectives[edit]

Officers holding ranks up to and including chief superintendent who are members of the Criminal Investigation Department (CID) or Special Branch (and certain other units) have the prefix "detective" before their rank. Due to the nature of their duties, these officers generally wear plain clothes (except for ceremonial purposes) and so do not wear the corresponding rank insignia; however, they still operate within the same structure as their uniformed counterparts.

In the United Kingdom detective ranks are not superior to those of uniformed officers and a detective sergeant has the same powers and authority as a uniformed sergeant. The "detective" prefix designates that the officer has received suitable training and passed related examinations to conduct criminal investigations.[8]

Trainee, temporary and acting ranks[edit]

Constables who are training to become detective constables sometimes bear the title trainee investigator (T/I) or trainee detective constable (T/DC).

The prefix "temporary" before a rank (e.g. temporary detective sergeant, abbreviated T/DS) denotes an officer who has been temporarily promoted to a rank (and so who does actually hold that rank, albeit on a temporary basis), whilst the prefix "acting" (e.g. acting inspector, abbreviated A/Insp) denotes an officer who is performing the role of a higher rank than the one actually held (sometimes informally termed "acting up"). Temporary ranks are often used for set periods (e.g. a six-month appointment to a particular role), whereas acting ranks, although sometimes held for extended periods, are often used for a very short time (e.g. a single shift when additional supervisory officers are required, or to replace an officer on short-term leave).

Under section 107 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (England and Wales only), sergeants and chief inspectors may be designated (by an officer of at least the rank of superintendent) to exercise the powers of an inspector or a superintendent respectively. Such a designation will generally accompany such an officer being given an acting rank, so for most operational purposes there is no difference between substantive, temporary and acting ranks at Inspector and above (although there may be differences as to pay, pensions and insignia). On the other hand, under section 36 of that Act, only substantive sergeants may be appointed custody officers.

Identification numbers[edit]

All officers have a unique identification number. These are usually referred to as shoulder or collar numbers, referring to the fact that they were once worn on the uniform collar and later on the epaulettes by constables and sergeants. Uniformed officers in many forces still wear them on the epaulettes, but other forces have badges or other ways of displaying their identification numbers. Kent Police, for instance, refers to its numbers as force numbers and officers wear them on a velcro tab on their stab vest or on a badge attached to their shirt or tunic. Officers in all forces of the rank of inspector or above do not usually wear their numbers.

In most forces these identification numbers are simple numbers, with one to five digits.

The Metropolitan Police, being a much bigger force, uses a different system:

  • Sergeant - borough code and one, two or three digits
  • Constable - borough code and three or four digits
  • Special Constable – borough code and four digits, usually beginning with the number 5 (8 for Traffic/Transport or 9 for specialist units)
  • PCSO – borough code and four digits, the first digit being a 7

The borough code is a two-letter code which follows the digits (but displayed above them on epaulettes).

Before the reorganisation into boroughs, each division had a different code, with sergeants having two-digit numbers and constables having three-digit numbers. A few other forces still use divisional codes.

Special constables[edit]

Special constables are volunteer police officers who have exactly the same powers as a regular officer, and (with minor exceptions) wear the same uniform and are issued the same equipment. The roles of "specials" can vary greatly from force to force, though normally include working with local regular officers to provide an additional and heightened police presence on the streets and in the local community. They may also be requested to police particular events such as football matches and community events.

In virtually all police forces (except Police Scotland), there are various grades of special constable which assist in the tasking and management of the constabulary. The ranks are management grades; those holding them are not "sergeants" or "inspectors" for the purposes of the law (for example, authorisations to order the removal of disguises or to set up roadblocks). Originally, specials held the same ranks and used the same rank insignia as regular officers, but there was a general shift to distinct terms such as "area officer" and "divisional officer" in the 1980s. However, since 2000, the National Policing Improvement Agency has encouraged special constabularies to return to rank structures and epaulette insignia identical to their regular counterparts. Although most forces have now reverted to regular rank titles (with the prefix "special"), only some have reverted to regular rank insignia. Senior special constables have no authority over regular officers, but very experienced officers may occasionally be given administrative supervision of mixed units of regular and special constables for certain events where no regular supervisory officer is available.

There is a large variation in the design of epaulettes used across Great Britain for Specials. This has been recognised at national level and as part of the Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018-2023 the structure and insignia is under review with the intention to standardise.[9]

Special constabulary epaulettes frequently bear the letters "SC" (with or without a crown above) to differentiate them from regular officers, within the City of London Special Constabulary is the Honourable Artillery Company Specials; members of this unit wear HAC on the shoulders in addition to other insignia[10]. Senior special constables wear the same markings on their hats as equivalent regular ranks.

Forces using the regular special constabulary rank insignia
Gaps in the table indicate that a rank is not used in a force's structure.
Rank Special
constable
Special
sergeant
Special
inspector
Special
chief inspector
Special
superintendent
Deputy chief officer
of the Special
Constabulary
Chief officer
of the Special
Constabulary
City of London
Special
Constabulary

HAC Specials wear the letters HAC in addition
CoLP New Rank Insignia - Special Constable.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Special Sergeant.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Special Inspector.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Special Chief Inspector.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Special Superintendent.png CoLP New Rank Insignia - Commander.png
Special
Commander
Durham
Special
Constabulary
[11]
NPIA SC Insignia NPIA Special Sergeant Insignia NPIA Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Superintendant Insignia
Not in current use
NPIA Special Chief Officer Insignia
Gloucestershire
Special
Constabulary
Proposed 2019
[12]
NPIA Gloucestershire SC Insignia NPIA Gloucestershire Special Sergeant Insignia NPIA Gloucestershire Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Gloucestershire Special Chief Inspector Insignia NPIA Gloucestershire Special Chief Officer Insignia
Hampshire
Special
Constabulary
(from 2019)
[13]
Hampshire SC Insignia Hampshire Special Sergeant Insignia Hampshire Special Inspector Insignia Hampshire Special Chief Inspector Insignia Hampshire Special Superintendant Insignia
Merseyside
Special
Constabulary
[14]
SC Insignia for Merseyside SS Insignia for Merseyside Police NPIA Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Officer Insignia
Northamptonshire
Special
Constabulary
[15]
SC Insignia for Northamptonshire SS Insignia for Northamptonshire Police NPIA Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Officer Insignia
South Yorkshire
Special
Constabulary
[16]
NPIA SC Insignia NPIA Special Sergeant Insignia NPIA Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Officer Insignia NPIA Special Chief Officer Insignia
South Wales
Special
Constabulary
(from 2019)
[17]
NPIA SC Insignia NPIA Special Sergeant Insignia NPIA Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Chief Officer Insignia
Wiltshire
Special
Constabulary
[18]
NPIA SC Insignia NPIA Special Sergeant Insignia
Redundant
NPIA Special Inspector Insignia NPIA Special Superintendent Insignia
These forces use the NPIA recommended insignia for special constabulary. This list is not complete.

Other special constabularies use combinations of bars, half bars, pips, crowns, laurel wreaths, collar numbers, force crests and the SC identity (with or without a crown) to distinguish ranks (and/or role).

Forces using the alternative rank Special Constabulary insignia
Gaps in the table indicate that a rank is not used in a force's structure.
Alternative titles used by each force are listed below the rank.
Equivalent
rank
Special
constable
Special
sergeant
Special
inspector
Special
chief
inspector
Special
superintendent
Special chief
superintendent
Assistant
chief officer
of the Special
Constabulary
Deputy
chief officer
of the Special
Constabulary
Chief officer
of the Special
Constabulary
Avon and
Somerset
Special
Constabulary
[19]
Special constable rank insignia Special sergeant rank insignia Special Inspector Rank Insignia Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Superintendant Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Bedfordshire
Special
Constabulary
[20]
SC with Crowns no prefix.svg SSGT with Crowns no prefix.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Superintendant Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
British
Transport
Police
[21]
Special Constable rank insignia Special SergeantRank Insignia
Special Inspector Rank Insignia
Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Superintendant Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Cambridgeshire
Special
Constabulary
[22]
Cleveland SC.svg Cleveland SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Superintendant Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 2Bars+SC+Crowns.svg 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Cheshire
Special
Constabulary
[23]
Special Constable rank insignia Cheshire SSgt.svg SInsp.svg SCI.svg Special Superintendant Rank Insignia CheshireSCSupt.svg Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Cleveland
Special
Constabulary
[24]
Cleveland SC.svg Cleveland SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 2Bars+SC+Crowns.svg 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Derbyshire
Special
Constabulary
[25]
Special Constable rank insignia Special Sergeant Rank Insignia Derbyshire SInsp.svg


Devon and
Cornwall
Special
Constabulary
[26]
DandC SC.svg DandC SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Superintendant Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns StaffsCO.svg
Dorset
Special
Constabulary
[27]
Special Constable rank insignia Special Sergeant Rank Insignia Dorset SInsp.svg Dorset Supt.svg Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Dyfed-Powys
Special
Constabulary
[28]
SC with crowns 7 prefix.svg South Wales SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Essex
Special
Constabulary
[29]
Special Constable rank insignia Special SergeantRank Insignia Special Inspector Rank Insignia Special Superintendant Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Deputy Chief Officer Insignia
Gloucestershire
Special
Constabulary
[30]
Gloucestershire SC.svg Gloucestershire SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Greater Manchester
Special
Constabulary
[31]
Special Constable rank insignia Special Sergeant Rank Insignia Special Inspector Rank Insignia Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Deputy Chief Officer Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Gwent
Special
Constabulary
[32]
Gwent Special Constable rank insignia Gwent Special Sergeant Rank Insignia Gwent Special Inspector Rank Insignia Gwent Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Hampshire
Special
Constabulary
(until 2019)
[33]
Special Constable rank insignia Special SergeantRank Insignia Special Inspector Rank Insignia
Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Superintendant Rank Insignia
Force Lead for SC
Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Retained for National Cyber Specials & Volunteers Lead
Hertfordshire
Special
Constabulary
[34]
West Mercia SC.svg West Mercia SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Superintendant Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Lancashire
Special
Constabulary
[35]
Special Constable rank insignia Lancashire SSGT.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia PS Epaulette.svg
*Regular Police Sergeant
Leicestershire
Special
Constabulary
[36]
Leicestershire SC.svg Leicestershire SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns
SC Lead
Lincolnshire
Special
Constabulary
[37]
SC no crown no prefix.svg SSgt no crown no prefix.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Superintendant Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns
Metropolitan
Special
Constabulary
[38]
Met SC Epaulette.svg Met SSgt Epaulette.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 2Bars+SC+Crowns.svg 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Norfolk
Special
Constabulary
[39]
SC with crowns 7 prefix.svg South Wales SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Superintendant Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Northumbria
Special
Constabulary
[40]
Special Constable rank insignia
Northumbria Special Constabulary abolished its ranks in 2006. All officers hold the rank of special constable, although those who previously held a supervisory rank are entitled to continue wearing their rank insignia.
North Wales
Special
Constabulary
[41]
NorthWalesSC Epaulette.svg NorthWalesSSgt Epaulette.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Nottinghamshire
Special
Constabulary
[42]
Notts SC.svg Notts SSgt.svg Notts SInsp.svg Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Police
Scotland
[43]
Special Constable rank insignia
Police Scotland do not currently have a rank structure for Special Constables.
Staffordshire
Special
Constabulary
[44]
Staffs SC.svg Staffs SSgt.svg StaffsInsp.svg StaffsSCI.svg StaffsDCO.svg StaffsCO.svg
South Wales
Special
Constabulary
(until 2019)
[45]
SC with crowns 7 prefix.svg South Wales SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Suffolk
Special
Constabulary
[46]
Suffolk SC.svg Suffolk SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 3Bars+SC+Crowns.svg 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Surrey
Special
Constabulary
Surrey SC.svg Special Inspector Surrey.png Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
Thames
Valley
Special
Constabulary
[47]
TVP SC.svg TVP SSGT.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 2Bars+SC+Crowns.svg
(Not in current use)
3Bars+SC+Crowns.svg 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg
Warwickshire
Special
Constabulary
[48]
Durham SC.svg Northamptonshire SC.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Deputy Chief Officer Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
West Mercia
Special
Constabulary
[49]
West Mercia SC.svg West Mercia SSgt.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia Special Chief Inspector Rank Insignia Special Superintendant Rank Insignia Special Constabulary Chief Officer Insignia
West Midlands
Special
Constabulary
[50]
West Midlands SC.svg West Midlands SSGT.svg Special Inspector Rank Insignia with SC & Crowns 4Bars+SC+Crown.svg West Midlands Chief Officer.svg
West
Yorkshire
Special
Constabulary
[51]
West Yorks SC.svg West Yorks Section Officer.svg
Section Officer
West Yorks Senior Section Officer.svg
Senior
Section Officer
CInsp
*Regular Chief
Inspector
These forty forces use insignia for special ranks not recommended by the NPIA. Some forces have adopted the approved insignia.

Police Community Support Officers (PCSO)[edit]

Variations of PCSO epaulettes varying between forces
Examples of PCSO supervisor epaulettes

Police Community Support Officers, in general, do not have a rank system: their epaulettes simply bear the words "POLICE COMMUNITY SUPPORT OFFICER" and their shoulder number, or, in the Metropolitan Police, a borough identification code and shoulder number.

South Yorkshire Police and Kent Police have PCSO Supervisors. In South Yorkshire they wear a bar above the words "Police Community Support Officer Supervisor" and the shoulder number. PCSOs are not used in Scotland.

Traffic wardens[edit]

Traffic wardens were administered by the police and exercised some police powers to control traffic or issue fixed penalty notices for traffic offences. Very few police Traffic Wardens now exist with a legacy of only 10 police traffic wardens remaining in England & Wales.[52] Section 46 of the Policing and Crime Act 2017 has in effect abolished police traffic wardens allowing police to focus on their core duties.[53] The duties of traffic wardens have been passed to local authority civil enforcement officers (formerly parking attendants) who, under decriminalised parking enforcement, have powers to issue penalty charge notices for breaches of parking laws on highways or in local authority car parks and compel the production of a disabled parking permit (blue badge) for inspection.

A similar situation has developed in Scotland with the functions of traffic wardens been taken over by local councils. In many areas parking legislation has been decriminalised and is enforced solely by council-employed parking attendants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Badges of Rank". Metropolitan Police Service. Archived from the original on July 18, 2006. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Thames Valley Police: Uniformed police ranks Archived 2007-11-22 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ CNC ranks listed here Archived 2011-08-05 at the Wayback Machine on their website.
  4. ^ Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011
  5. ^ Stephenson is named new Met Police chief, The Independent
  6. ^ Police Service of Northern Ireland: Badges of Rank
  7. ^ "28 day pre-charge bail limit comes into force". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  8. ^ Mental Health Cop — Police Ranks and Roles Explained Archived 13 February 2018 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ ACC Richard Debicki (2018). "Special Constabulary National Strategy 2018-2023" (PDF). NPCC. p. 13. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  10. ^ https://www.hac.org.uk/home/special-constabulary/
  11. ^ Durham Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  12. ^ Gloucestershire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  13. ^ Hampshire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  14. ^ Merseyside Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  15. ^ Northamptonshire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  16. ^ South Yorkshire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  17. ^ South Wales Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  18. ^ Wiltshire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  19. ^ Avon and Somerset Constabulary"Avon and Somerset Constabulary Website - Police Ranks", Viewed 21 January 2019
  20. ^ Bedfordshire Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  21. ^ British Transport Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  22. ^ Cambridgeshire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  23. ^ British Transport Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  24. ^ Cleveland Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  25. ^ Derbyshire Constabulary"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  26. ^ Devon and Cornwall Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  27. ^ Dorset Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  28. ^ Dyfed-Powys Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  29. ^ Essex Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  30. ^ Gloucestershire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  31. ^ Lancashire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  32. ^ Gwent Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  33. ^ Hampshire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  34. ^ Hertfordshire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  35. ^ Lancashire Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  36. ^ Leicestershire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  37. ^ Lincolnshire Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  38. ^ Metropolitan Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  39. ^ Norfolk Contabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  40. ^ North Wales Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  41. ^ North Wales Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  42. ^ Nottinghamshire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  43. ^ Police Scotland "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  44. ^ Staffordshire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  45. ^ South Wales Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  46. ^ Suffolk Constabulary "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  47. ^ Thames Valley Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  48. ^ Warwickshire Police"Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  49. ^ West Mercia Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  50. ^ West Midlands Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  51. ^ West Yorkshire Police "Special Constabulary Ranks FOI Request 2019", January 2019
  52. ^ "Police workforce, England and Wales: 30 September 2017". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2018-06-17.
  53. ^ "Policing and Crime Act 2017". www.legislation.gov.uk. Expert Participation. Retrieved 2018-06-17.CS1 maint: others (link)