Police vehicles in the United States and Canada

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A Ford Crown Victoria police car in service with the United States Capitol Police, 2012.
A Communications Division Command Post vehicle in service with the New York City Police Department.
Law enforcement
in the United States
Separation of powers
Jurisdiction
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Prosecution
Law enforcement agencies
Types of agency
Types of agent

Police vehicles in the United States and Canada are made by several manufacturers and are available in three broad vehicle types: Police Pursuit Vehicles (PPV), Special Service Vehicles (SSV) and Special Service Package (SSP).

Police Pursuit Vehicles are the most common police cars and are equipped to handle the vast majority of tasks including pursuit and high-speed response calls. Special Service Vehicles and Special Service Package are specialized vehicles, such as sport-utility vehicles and sports cars, that are generally heavier-duty and may come with specialized option packages for specific tasks, but are typically not recommended by the manufacturer for use as pursuit vehicles.

History[edit]

The first police car was a wagon run by electricity fielded on the streets of Akron, Ohio in 1899.[1] Since the 1920s, the New York City Police Department has employed a fleet of Radio Motor Patrol vehicles to aid in its fight against crime within the city.

Ford's introduction of the flathead V-8 in its Model 18 in 1932––the first low-priced, mass-marketed car with a V8 engine––proved quite popular amongst police departments and led to strong brand loyalty. In turn, this gave the company a market-capturing edge that lasted until 1968. In the 1940s and 1950s, the "Big Three" (Ford, General Motors, and Chrysler) began to offer specialized police packages with severe duty parts. Foremost amongst these was the Ford package of 1950, which utilized the larger and more powerful Mercury engine in the smaller, lighter Ford. This ended the practice of some state police buying larger and more powerful, but higher-priced models including Buicks, Hudsons, and Chryslers. In 1969, Plymouth took first place in the police market, with Chrysler's 440 cu. in. V8s, Torqueflite transmissions, and torsion bar suspensions giving them a compelling advantage. Chrysler held this lead until the 1970s energy crisis drove buyers to smaller cars, and Chrysler subsequently discontinued their rear-drive platform after the 1989 model year.[2]

In the United States and Canada, police departments have historically used standard-size, low-price line sedans since the days of the Ford Model A, although many police departments switched to intermediates––such as the Plymouth Satellite, Ford Torino, and AMC Matador––in the 1960s and 1970s. Some state highway patrols (including those of California and Missouri) adopted pony cars, such as the Ford Mustang, Chevrolet Camaro, and AMC Javelin for use as high-speed pursuit vehicles. The Ford LTD, Plymouth Gran Fury, and Chevrolet Caprice were re-adopted as standard when the models were downsized in the late 1970s.

Since the termination of the North American Chevrolet Caprice model in 1996 (though it would subsequently return in 2010 for exclusive law enforcement use), the Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor has replaced it as the standard patrol car currently used by most police departments. In an attempt to better combat the threat of rear-end impacts that highway patrol vehicles face when stopped on the shoulder, new models can be optionally equipped with a fire suppression system. Other models such as the Chevrolet Impala (8th and 9th generations), Chevrolet Tahoe and Dodge Charger also gained a percentage of the market. In September, 2011, however, Ford discontinued the Crown Victoria in favor of the 6th-generation Taurus. This has helped Dodge reclaim leadership in the market with the Dodge Charger Pursuit, as of 2012.

Non-Crown Victoria police vehicles may be bought to diversify a police department's fleet in order to better minimize disruption should a recall occur.[3]

Despite some (primarily Canadian) jurisdictions electing to use front-wheel-drive sedans with smaller engines––mainly the Chevrolet Impala, the current iteration of which being a V6––the rear-wheel-drive V8 configuration is still widely preferred, due in part to its consistency with pursuit driver training, as well as generally greater reliability. Furthermore, trials with FWD vehicles such as the Taurus and Impala have proven problematic in terms of maintenance costs.[4][5][6] In 1994, for example, a Ford spokeswoman noted that, "It is certainly true that any front-wheel-drive car would be more expensive and difficult to maintain if you subjected it to the kind of hard use they get in police departments."[7]

Markings and appearance[edit]

An Akron, Ohio police cruiser

North American police cars were once noted for being painted black and white, with the car doors and roof painted white, while the trunk, hood, front fenders and rear quarter panels were painted black. The fleet vehicles that were used typically came painted in a single color, most commonly white or black, from the factory and were used as such. The contrasting black or white color was added to make the vehicle stand out from civilian vehicles. In 2007, the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) began converting its fleet back to a black-and-white scheme after decades of using other colors.

Beginning in the 1970s, police vehicle markings have become increasingly stylistic, with widespread use of computer-graphics and vinyl striping. While black and white designs are still in use in many jurisdictions, cars may range from being all white to completely black. Blues and greens of various hues are also frequently used. Brown, beiges and tans are favored by rural police and sheriff's offices.

Official markings also vary by jurisdiction. The side doors and sometimes the hood of a marked police car usually bear the agency's badge or the city seal, often in reflective finish. Markings such as emergency telephone numbers, generic anti-drug or anti-crime messages, or even website URLs are also common. Some agencies also have identification numbers printed on the roofs of patrol cars for tracking from aircraft, or to distinguish specialized units, such as K-9 units or supervisors.

Currently, in the United States and Canada, the paint scheme for each fleet is determined either by the individual agency or by uniform state legislation as in Minnesota.[8] Usually, state laws exist that establish standards for police vehicle markings, and proscribe civilian vehicles from using certain markings or paint schemes as is the case in California.[9]

Today, most fleet markings on patrol vehicles are created from reflective vinyl with an adhesive backing that is applied in a peel-and-stick manner. Colors chosen to represent the departments identity are typically chosen by the individual department, although, as noted above, some states have specific guidelines for color schemes and markings. Vinyl used to produce fleet markings comes in large rolls that are fed through a plotter (cutter) or large-format printer/cutter. The designs are created in specialized computer software and sent to the machines via cable link for production. Once the design is cut into the vinyl, the excess vinyl on the sheet is removed in a process called "weeding". Finally, a paper pre-mask is applied to the top of the vinyl design to allow easy application of multiple letters and shapes at one time.

Models by manufacturer[edit]

American Motors Corporation[edit]

Chrysler[edit]

2006 Michigan State Police Dodge Charger

Chrysler refers to its police models as the "Pursuit" or "SSV".

Ford Motor Company[edit]

New Orleans Police Department police vehicle in 2009

General Motors[edit]

2006–2009 Chevrolet Impala SPVM car

Nissan[edit]

SAAB[edit]

  • SAAB 900 - Used by Vail, and Aspen Colorado Police Departments from 1978 - 2003[15]

Studebaker[edit]

Subaru[edit]

Toyota[edit]

Volvo[edit]

Other police vehicles[edit]

2010 Dodge Challenger R/T used by Deputies in Broward County, Florida
The Deputies' mobile "office" in the Challenger

Police departments also use alternative police vehicles.

  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and several US police forces use unmarked/marked mini-vans and marked/unmarked Honda Civic sedans/coupes and other import vehicles like Honda, Toyota, etc., meant to be more anonymous than other kinds of unmarked vehicles.

Alabama[edit]

  • The Police Department in Tuscaloosa uses several marked Mercedes-Benz M Class SUVs. The M Class is manufactured in nearby Vance. The department, as well as the Tuscaloosa County Sheriff's Office, also uses many marked & unmarked Ford F-150's.
  • In 2011, the Madison, Alabama Police Department was gifted a 2010 Chevrolet Corvette Grand Sport by two local residents.[19]
  • In 1982, the Prichard Police Department placed four Volvo 200 series Turbo class vehicles into service as part of a lease deal with Volvo. Used for many years in European markets, Volvo hoped to establish a US market for police interceptors. Unfortunately, due to financial problems within the City of Prichard and high vehicle maintenance costs, the experiment lasted only one year.

Alberta[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

  • Arkansas State Police utilize the Dodge Charger. As of 2012, only one Crown Vic and one Chevrolet Impala remained in the fleet.

Arizona[edit]

  • Northern Arizona University has a Cadillac Escalade, seized from a drug dealer.[21]
  • Gilbert, Arizona has Tahoes and an unmarked Malibu
  • Arizona Highway Patrol has marked and unmarked Dodge and Ford pickups, unmarked Ford Mustang GTs, unmarked Dodge Charger R/T's & Dodge Challenger R/T's, as well as marked police package Tahoes along with Crown Victorias, Explorers and Impalas. At one time, Arizona had Police Package Mustangs and Volvo S90's and a Thunderbird Super Coupe as an experimental vehicle.
  • Maricopa County Sheriff has marked and unmarked Chargers, Crown Victorias, and Expeditions. There are also a handful of Explorers in the fleet.
  • Phoenix, Arizona utilizes Chevrolet Tahoes as primary patrol vehicles, with Ford Crown Victorias and Chevrolet Impalas being phased out, since they are no longer produced. As of 3/2013, it appears they will continue to use Tahoes. Phoenix also uses Explorers and Caprice PPVs. Detectives use Ford F150 and Chevrolet Silverados with flat fiberglass tonneau covers over the beds.

British Columbia[edit]

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Florida[edit]

  • The Daytona Beach Shores Public Safety Department uses only Ford Explorers as their primary pursuit/patrol vehicle.
  • The Gulf Breeze police department uses unmarked: 2011 Chevrolet Tahoe, 2009 Chevrolet Silverado and a green Jeep Cherokee for traffic. The department also uses Ford Crown Victorias, Ford 500, Ford Explorer Sport Trac, Chevrolet Camaro, Dodge Charger.
  • Florida Highway Patrol has used Mercury Marauders and Mustangs for Traffic Enforcement.
  • Florida Highway Patrol has used unmarked 2015/16 red Chevrolet Colorado for Traffic Enforcement.

Georgia[edit]

Guam[edit]

  • The Guam Police Department uses Ford Crown Victorias and Dodge Chargers. The Guam Airport Police uses Nissan Xterras.

Hawaii[edit]

A "New Edge" Mach 1 Ford Mustang being used as a police car by the Honolulu Police Department.
  • The Honolulu Police Department and the Hawai‘i County Police Department supplements its fleet of marked patrol cars by allowing the use of the personally owned vehicles of police officers which are partially subsidized by department funds. These include not only American cars but Japanese cars such as the Toyota 4Runner and Camry, Honda Pilot, Nissan Altima, XTerra and Murano. These cars are made distinguishable as on-duty police vehicles with the addition of a removable blue light bar.[28]

Idaho[edit]

  • The Idaho State Police uses only Dodge Chargers for its primary patrol vehicle. Troopers who live in remote areas drive Chevrolet Tahoes. Idaho State Police have been transitioning some of the Tahoes to all wheel drive Chargers.

Boise police use mostly black dodge chargers with some black ford explorers. Meridian police use ford tarus and ford explorer.

Illinois[edit]

  • The Johnsburg Police Department use Dodge Durango, Dodge Charger, and a Dodge Ram.
  • The Glenview Police Department has at least two Honda Odyssey unmarked mini-vans driven by plain clothes officers.
  • Crystal Lake Police Department uses Ford Taurus and Explorer both marked and unmarked. Unmarked Chevrolet Impala has been spotted being driven. They have a gray unmarked sixth-generation Dodge Charger. There is a Ford Econoline Van for Evidence Response and Recovery. Also, a black Ford F-150 with grey decal is being used on the streets.
  • The Lake Forest police department uses three Chevrolet Suburban and two Chevrolet Tahoe marked police cars for the higher-rank officers of the department.
  • The Cook County Sheriff Gang Task Force has a late-model black unmarked F-150 pickup
  • Illinois State Police has several unmarked vehicles ranging from Monte Carlos to Mustang GTs and Camaros (V6 and Z28) to combat speeding and aggressive driving. There was also an unmarked Trans Am WS-6 and unmarked Pontiac Grand Prix GTPs.Currently, ISP uses Caprice PPVs, Tahoe PPVs, Charger Pursuit, and Ford Interceptors (Taurus and Explorer)
  • Chicago PD mainly fields Tahoe PPVs and Ford Interceptors (Taurus and Explorer).
  • Winthrop Harbor had some unmarked Crown Victorias that were supercharged
  • Oak Lawn Police Department uses a Dare H2 Hummer for patrol
  • Elburn Police use 2 Ford Expeditions and 1 Ford F-150
  • Illinois Conservations Officers use mainly Ford, Dodge, and Chevrolet pickup trucks
  • Lakemoor Police Department has an unmarked Infiniti G35 Coupe
  • The Pontoon Beach Police Department (Madison County) has an assortment of vehicles consisting of Dodge Chargers, A Dodge Durango, Chevrolet Tahoe, and various unmarked vehicles following 2005 multimillion-dollar seizure of drug related money.[29]
  • The Hawthorn Woods Police Department uses a police marked military Humvee for special emergencies and severe weather conditions.
  • Barrington Police Department has Dodge Chargers, Crown Vics, an unmarked red Dodge Caravan, and a high speed marked 2014 black Corvette.

Indiana[edit]

  • The Bloomington, Indiana Police Department currently uses (as of 2015) marked and unmarked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, and marked and unmarked Ford Interceptor, marked Ford Escape, and several Ford utility vans. They also currently use a Polaris all-terrain vehicle. In the past the department has used Segway, unmarked Ford Taurus for detectives, marked and unmarked Chevrolet Caprice, marked Harley-Davidson motorcycles, along with Dodge and Chrysler vehicles as well.
  • The Elkhart County, Indiana Sheriff's Office currently utilizes (as of 2019) marked and unmarked slick top Dodge Chargers as their primary patrol vehicles along with a few remaining Ford Crown Victoria. Primary patrol vehicles are in either an all white or traditional Indiana Sheriff brown and tan color scheme.
  • The Ellettsville, Indiana Police Department currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked Ford Crown Victoria, marked Dodge Durango, marked and unmarked Ford Explorer. In the past it has used Chevy Caprice, Jeep Cherokee and Ford LTD.
  • The Indiana Department of Natural Resources conservation officers currently use marked and unmarked Dodge Durango, marked and unmarked Ford Expedition, Ford F-250 and Dodge Ram. In the past they used Ford Crown Victoria and Dodge Ramcharger.
  • The Indiana State Police has utilized many marked and unmarked makes and models of vehicles over the years. Chevrolet and Ford have dominated the fleet overall since the 1930s, but Chrysler, Dodge and Jeep vehicles have also been used. Motorcycles have also been utilized. Indian was used in the early years. Harley-Davidsons' are used currently. Even an Auburn Cord was once used as a safety vehicle in the 1930s. The Chevrolet Caprice was primarily utilized in the 1980s and early 1990s, but the Ford Crown Victoria Police interceptor dominated the fleet since then until 2012, when Indiana State Police started using Dodge Charger. ISP has used unmarked cars and trucks as well. The Mustang GT were the first to be used for speed enforcement in the late 1980s. They used several LS-1 powered Camaro z28 in the 1990s and now have gone back to the Mustang GT. As of 2015 Indiana State Police uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked and unmarked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Chevrolet Tahoe, unmarked Ford Mustang GT, and marked Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
  • The Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department has utilized many makes and models of vehicles over the years as well. It currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked and unmarked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Chevrolet Impala, and marked Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
  • The Indiana University Police Department currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger. In the very recent past they used marked Ford Crown Victoria.
  • The Monroe County, Indiana Sheriff Department currently uses marked and unmarked Dodge Charger, marked Ford Crown Victoria, marked and unmarked Ford Fusion, Ford Expedition, Chevrolet Impala and Chevrolet Blazer. In the past they have used Chevy Caprice, Jeep Cherokee, and Ford LTD.
  • The Stinesville, Indiana Police Department currently uses marked Ford Crown Victoria, marked Ford Expedition and marked Jeep Cherokee. In the past they have used Chevrolet Caprice.
  • The Lafayette, Indiana Police Department uses Subaru Outbacks donated from the nearby plant in which they are made.

Iowa[edit]

Kansas[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

  • The Louisiana State Police has several previous-generation Chevrolet Camaros as pursuit vehicles. It also has many PPV-rated Chevrolet Tahoes
  • The Gramercy Police department has 1 (unmarked) 00'-06'GMC Yukon, a (unmarked) 04'-09' Ford F-150, and has a (marked) Mercury Grand Marquis.
  • The Lafourche Parish Sheriff's Office has at least 1 Dodge Avenger as a marked patrol car. It also has multiple Chevrolet Malibus and Impalas as staff cars.

Maine[edit]

Manitoba[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Michigan[edit]

Michigan State Police car
  • Michigan State Police Troopers use black Dodge Chargers fitted with chrome street rims along with a gunmetal Dodge Magnum (with police interceptor rims) for I-275 Highway Patrol. Both are completely unmarked.
  • The Bloomfield Hills police department has several Chevrolet Corvettes.[35][36][37]
  • Clayton Township in Genesee County has a Saturn Vue donated by Saturn of Flint.
  • Dearborn, the home of Ford Motor Company, employs several different Ford vehicles, including Ford Ranger pickups for parking enforcement, and a Ford Mustang for public relations visits to local schools. In the 1970s, Ford provided the Dearborn Police Department with a number of Lincoln Town Cars equipped with early airbag systems in order to accumulate engineering data in "real world" conditions.
  • The Hazel Park Police Department has a 2009 Jaguar XF (dark Jaguar blue), a 2008 Jaguar XF (silver) and a 2007 Jaguar XK Coupe (dark Jaguar blue). All were donated by Jaguar of Lakeside, Novi and Troy to commemorate fallen officers. The cars are fully marked and outfitted with police packages.
  • Southgate's Police Department fleet consists primarily of older[1992-1997] to newer[1998-2011] models of the Ford Crown Victoria, both marked and unmarked. Despite this fact, however, the SPD also uses a newer marked Ford Explorer (for traffic patrol and responding purposes) and an unmarked (all black) Dodge Charger. More recently, marked and unmarked versions of the sixth generation[2010–present] Ford Taurus have also made their way into the SPD's police interceptor lineup as well.
  • The Trenton Police Department has three Hemi Dodge Chargers (two all black, one black with white doors), one V6 Charger (all black), and two 2010 Chevrolet Tahoes (one black with white doors and another all black). Trenton receives vehicles to test because of manufacturing plants located in the city.
  • Michigan Conservation Officers use Chevrolet Silverado and Tahoes

Minnesota[edit]

Missouri[edit]

  • Numerous unmarked vehicles have been seen in the St. Louis area ranging from unmarked and marked Dodge Chargers to an unmarked Nissan Altima specifically for pursuing aggressive drivers.
  • Gerald, MO police have one Humvee for getting into the extremely remote areas of Gerald, MO.
  • Lake Saint Louis, MO has 1 or 2 Ford Five Hundred Unmarked detective units.

Newfoundland And Labrador[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

The New Jersey state police used marked and unmarked 2014 Ford Taurus police interceptors as well as Crown Victorias, and police editions of Chevrolet Impalas. Dodge Durangos and Ford Explorers have also been spotted.

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

A Ford Utility Interceptor and Chevrolet Impala 9C1. Nassau County New York

North Carolina[edit]

North Dakota[edit]

Nova Scotia[edit]

Ohio[edit]

  • The Bedford Police use a mix of Dodge Chargers and Chevrolet Tahoes for patrols.
  • The Garfield Heights Police use a mixture of Ford Crown Victorias, two Ford Explorers, and five Dodge Chargers. Four will be black and white and one is an unmarked car. As of October 2009 Garfield has three black white Dodge Chargers.
  • The Mariemont Police Department uses Dodge Chargers for patrol and traffic, Ford SUV and 1 Ford Focus (unmarked)
  • The Parma Police use a mix of Chevrolet Caprices, Chevrolet Impalas and Chevrolet Tahoes for patrols. Parma is home to the GM Parma Stamping Plant so GM gave Parma a discount on the cars.
  • The Union County Sheriff's office uses Dodge Chargers, Ford Crown Victorias, and Ford Expeditions (for use with their Public Safety Officer program, in which the officer is also a Firefighter/EMT)
  • The Cleveland Police Department uses Ford Taurus Black-and-White units as well as Ford Crown Victoria Black-and-White units.
  • The Independence, Ohio Police use a variety of different vehicle, Including the Dodge Charger.
  • The Ohio State Highway Patrol uses Dodge Chargers. They use a combination of blue lightbars and front-facing red grille lights. All Motor Carrier Enforcement vehicles use the old OSHP livery, albeit with blue trim and lettering instead of the gold livery, and only use red lights.
  • The Lancaster, Ohio Police Department uses 2012-2014 black/white and 2015 white Chargers, along with black/white and white Crown Victorias. One 2015 Charger has a miniature lightbar, and the other fleet-cars have full-sized lightbars. One fleet-car is usually stationed on the retail campus on Ety Road near Highway 33, in order to take shoplifting calls.

Ontario[edit]

  • Ontario Provincial Police Currently the Ontario Provincial Police use Dodge Charger Enforcer's in V8 All Wheel drive configuration, along with Ford Police Interceptor Utility models, Ford Police Interceptor Sedan models, Chevrolet Tahoe Police Package vehicles both in 2 and 4 wheel drive configurations. All of the front line police models come in marked, and unmarked or stealth configuration. In more remote areas, Chevy Silverado 2500 Pickups, and Dodge Ram 2500 PowerWagon models have been utilized as well.
  • Metro Toronto Police used a marked Chevrolet Camaro for highway traffic enforcement. It has been retired. The Toronto Police Service uses the SmartCar for parking enforcement alongside Dodge Neons. TPS also operates a Honda Civic sedan for community liaison and parking enforcement.
  • The Windsor Police use various unmarked Chevrolet Camaro SS and an unmarked Silver Ford F150 FX4 pickup for traffic enforcement.

Oklahoma[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Prince Edward Island[edit]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Quebec[edit]

  • The SQ (Sûreté du Québec) use a fleet of Dodge Charger, Ford Explorer and Chevrolet Suburban

Saskatchewan[edit]

  • In Regina, high school resource officers use either the Toyota Echo or its replacement, the Yaris, for transportation.

South Carolina[edit]

  • The South Carolina Highway Patrol used three BMW M5s during the early to mid-1990s. These cars were given to South Carolina after BMW chose the state to host their first assembly plant in the U.S. in 1992. At one point the Sumter Police Department had a Dodge Durango, 2 Ford Mustangs[2005-2009]in marked form and unmarked form in the color of green, there was a 2002-2006 Chevrolet TrailBlazer used by the sheriff's department and a 2010 Chevrolet Equinox used as a crime investigation unit.

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

  • Many sheriff's offices and police departments in West Texas utilize 4x4 pickups; Armstrong County 3 Ford F-150 Ext Cabs, Wheeler County 3 Crew Cab and 5 Extended Cab Chevrolet Silverados. Shamrock PD has 2 Chevrolet Avalanches and one 4-door Silverado.
  • The Houston Police Department used pickup trucks like the Chevrolet Silverado, Ford F150, and Dodge Ram for their "Truck Enforcement" division, which is a unit to investigate commercial truck drivers for suspicion. Former Houston Texans player Mario Williams has donated 5 white with white ghost print Chevrolet Camaro SS units and 5 black on black ghost print Hemi Dodge Chargers for the traffic enforcement duty. New Chevrolet Caprice, Tahoe, and Ford Police Interceptors (Taurus and Explorer) have joined the city fleet. The entire police fleet is undergoing a change in color from the blue and whites to black and white units. HPD has 100 squads (some of them are 2011 Crown Vics pre-ordered prior to the end of production) painted in a black and white livery although a Chevrolet Tahoe 9C1 was painted in this livery as of late 2011.
  • During the mid-1980s, the Missouri City Police Department used a few Volvo 240s.
  • The San Antonio Police Department uses a few Chevrolet Camaros.
  • A Chevrolet Camaro (fifth generation) is part of the Kemah, Texas Police Department.
  • Trinity University in San Antonio uses a fleet of several eleventh generation Ford F-150s to patrol the campus.
  • Tomball, TX Police Department (as of 2015) has a fleet of Ford Escapes used as squads.
  • In some places, Chevrolet Tahoe SUVs are also commonly found.
  • Dallas Police uses primarily Dodge Charger V-6's and Chevrolet Tahoes. Some Chevrolet Impalas remain.
  • Dallas Area Rapid Transit uses Dodge Charger Hemi's and Chevrolet Caprice V-8's and V-6's
  • The Texas Highway Patrol has many unique vehicles including a modified Dodge Challenger SRT, Chevrolet Silverado and Ford F-150 pickup trucks, Chevrolet Tahoe and Ford Interceptor Utility SUVs along with Dodge Charger patrol cars.

Utah[edit]

  • The Utah Highway Patrol has used two unmarked Subaru Impreza WRX STi's to combat street racing in the Salt Lake City area. The primary vehicle as of 2019 is the Dodge Charger, which is supplemented by the Ford Explorer, Taurus, and F-150 Pickup, along with the Dodge Durango and Dodge/RAM 150 Pickup, and several Chevrolet Tahoes.

Virginia[edit]

  • The Virginia State Police traditionally uses Ford Crown Victoria and Chevrolet Impala sedans. In recent years, the force introduced Chevrolet Camaro sports cars, Chevrolet Tahoe SUVs, and Dodge Charger sedans. The Virginia State Police makes limited use of the Chevrolet Caprice PPV sedan for unmarked traffic control and pursuit purposes.
  • For many years, the Town of Smithfield used Ford Mustang SSV as daily police vehicles. The last of these were retired in the late 1990s.
  • In 2011, the Fairfax County Police Department started using a black Nissan R35 GT-R as an undercover pursuit vehicle.
  • The Richmond City Police Department provides Dodge Charger sedans and Ford Mustang GT coupes in addition to their standard fleet of marked Ford Taurus and Ford Crown Victoria sedans and Ford Explorers. Richmond Police use Chevrolet Impala sedans for unmarked and detective purposes. Richmond Police are slowly phasing out their fleet of Ford Crown Victorias following the discontinuation of this model by Ford.
  • The Chesapeake Police Department issues unmarked Hyundai Sonatas, Chevy Impalas, and Ford Taurus Police Interceptor Sedans and Utility vehicles to Detectives, command officers and officers in specialized units. Command officers, including the Superintendent of Animal Services, also utilize unmarked Ford Fusions when appropriate. Detectives assigned to the Intelligence Section utilize non-traditional unmarked vehicles such as Nissan Altimas and others. Detectives assigned to the Vice and Narcotics Section drive "soft cars" with no radio or emergency lighting equipped, due to the clandestine and covert nature of their assignment. Officers assigned to the Traffic Enforcement Unit drive unmarked Ford Mustangs, Dodge Chargers, a Dodge Challenger, as well as an unmarked Ford F-150 Super Duty. Fire Marshals from the Chesapeake Fire Department drive unmarked Ford F-150's.

Washington[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

  • The Grand Rapids police force uses a black 2008 Dodge Charger Daytona. On the side of the car, instead of it saying "Daytona", it says "Police", and under that it says "Grand Rapids".
  • Manitowoc has an unmarked Ford Taurus they use for patrol.
  • The sheriff's department in Outagamie County tested an unmarked 2005 Toyota Prius hybrid vehicle for non-patrol use in 2005.[40]

D.A.R.E.[edit]

A number of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) programs in local police departments have some notable vehicles marked as police cars to promote the program. The DARE cars appear at schools and in parades. Typically these cars are high-end or performance cars that have been seized in a drug raid. They are used to send the message that drug dealers forfeit all their glamorous trappings when they get caught. Cars include the Chevrolet Corvette, Ford Mustang, and Humvee.

Future[edit]

Ford ceased production of the ubiquitous Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor in 2011, it was replaced by both the Ford Police Interceptor Sedan & Ford Police Interceptor Utility.[41] On March 12, 2010, a prototype Ford Police Interceptor Sedan based on the sixth generation Taurus's platform was demonstrated at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway and Ford assured law enforcement agencies that it would be in production when the last Crown Victorias are built in September 2011.[42] The car was also displayed to fleet managers from Canada and the United States at the National Association of Fleet Administrators (NAFA) exposition in Detroit in April.[43] Months after the Sedan was unveiled a prototype Ford Police Interceptor Utility based on the fifth generation Ford Explorer was unveiled at Ford's Chicago plant in front of its work force by then VP of U.S. Marketing, Sales and Service Ken Czubay. The production of the Police Interceptor Sedan began in 2012 as a 2013 model along with the Utility counterpart.

The Dodge Charger Pursuit, was first introduced as an LX body in 2006. In 2011, as an LD body, numerous changes were made to resolve a number of teething issues in previous cars. The 3.6 V-6 engine provides performance equal to - or better - than the P7B Crown Victoria, with much better fuel economy. The 5.7 Hemi cars set record after record during yearly testing with the Michigan State Police. In late 2014, Dodge surpassed many of their own records with the new All Wheel Drive Pursuit. The AWD version became the only large Chrysler passenger sedan with AWD and the V8. By mid -2016, over 40% of all new Charger Pursuits were AWD.

Prior to the release of the AWD Dodge, Ford held 60% of the police market. In 2015, and especially 2016 (after a price reduction), Dodge gained some ground on Ford, largely at the expense of the Taurus.

The Mobile precinct station in both the models of a 26' trailer and AM General 6X6 military surplus vehicle have been inventoried in specific police departments within the United States.[44][45]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Sanow, Edwin J. (1998-01-16). Ford Police Cars, 1932–1997. p. 7. ISBN 0-7603-0372-X.
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  4. ^ Steven Elbow, The Capital Times, selbow@madison.com. "Cops shop for new cars after Ford stops making Crown Victoria".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
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  12. ^ AMC Police Cars retrieved on 2009-10-25.
  13. ^ "The National AMC Police Car Registry" Archived June 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine retrieved on 2009-10-25.
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  18. ^ Estrada, Zac. "How the California Highway Patrol Swapped Crown Vics for Volvos — Almost".
  19. ^ Cumbow, Victoria. "Yes, that Corvette does have flashing blue lights". The Huntsville Times. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  20. ^ Gallery: Edmonton police cars retrieved on 2014-01-20.
  21. ^ "Patrolling in style: Drug seizure leads to Cadillac for NAUPD - NAU News : NAU News". www4.nau.edu.
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