Politics of Marche

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politics and government of
Marche

The Politics of Marche, Italy takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democracy, whereby the President of the Region is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in the Regional Council, while executive power is exercised by the Regional Government led by the President, who is directly elected by the people. The current Statute, which regulates the functioning of the regional institutions, has been in force since 2004.

Prior to the rise of Fascism, most of the deputies elected in Marche were part of the liberal establishment (see Historical Right, Historical Left and Liberals), which governed Italy for decades. The region, especially its northern part (largely inhabited by Romagnoli), was also a stronghold of the Italian Republican Party. Marche was one of the regions in which the Italian People's Party did better in the 1919 general election and the National Fascist Party took more than 60% in the 1924 general election.[1]

After World War II Marche was an early stronghold of Christian Democracy and later one of the few regions where the Christian Democrats and the Italian Communist Party were close in terms of the popular vote. Since 1995 the region has been a stronghold of the post-Communist parties, from the Democratic Party of the Left to the present-day Democratic Party.

Executive branch[edit]

The Regional Government (Giunta Regionale) is presided by the President of the Region (Presidente della Regione), who is elected for a five-year term, and is composed by the President and the Ministers (Assessori), who cannot be more than ten, including a Vice President.[2]

List of Presidents[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

The Regional Legislative Assembly of Marche (Assemblea Legislativa Regionale delle Marche) is composed of 40 members. 32 councillors are elected in provincial constituencies by proportional representation using the largest remainder method with a Droop quota and open lists, while 8 councillors (elected in bloc) come from a "regional list", including the President-elect. One seat is reserved for the candidate who comes second. If a coalition wins more than 50% of the total seats in the Council with PR, only 4 candidates from the regional list will be chosen and the number of those elected in provincial constituencies will be 36. If the winning coalition receives less than 40% of votes special seats are added to the Council to ensure a large majority for the President's coalition.[3]

The Council is elected for a five-year term, but, if the President suffers a vote of no confidence, resigns or dies, under the simul stabunt, simul cadent clause introduced in 1999 (literally they will stand together or they will fall together), also the Council is dissolved and a snap election is called.[4]

Local government[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Province Inhabitants President Party Election
Ancona 481,028 Luigi Cerioni Democratic Party 2018
Pesaro and Urbino 364,896 Giuseppe Paolini Democratic Party 2018
Macerata 324,188 Antonio Pettinari Union of the Centre 2016
Ascoli Piceno 214,014 Sergio Fabiani Democratic Party 2018
Fermo 177,993 Moira Canigola Democratic Party 2016

Municipalities[edit]

Provincial capitals[edit]

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Ancona 102,500 Valeria Mancinelli Democratic Party 2018
Ascoli Piceno 51,168 Marco Fioravanti Brothers of Italy 2019
Fermo 37,869 Paolo Calcinaro Civic List 2015
Macerata 43,000 Romano Carancini Democratic Party 2015
Pesaro 98,438 Matteo Ricci Democratic Party 2019

Other notable municipalities[edit]

Municipality Inhabitants Mayor Party Election
Fano 63,922 Massimo Seri Democratic Party 2019
San Benedetto del Tronto 48,036 Pasqualino Piunti Forza Italia 2016
Senigallia 44,673 Maurizio Mangialardi Democratic Party 2015
Jesi 40,502 Massimo Bacci Independent 2017
Civitanova Marche 40,400 Fabrizio Ciarapica Forza Italia 2017
Urbino 15,501 Maurizio Gambini Independent (centre-right) 2019

Parties and elections[edit]

Latest regional election[edit]

In the latest regional election, which took place on 31 May 2015, Luca Ceriscioli of the Democratic Party (PD) was elected President by defeating a fractured field of opponents, notably including the incumbent President, Gian Mario Spacca, who had switched sides from the PD to a centre-right coalition led by Forza Italia.


Results[edit]

31 May 2015 Marche regional election results
Consiglio regionale Marche.svg
Candidates Votes % Seats Parties Votes % Seats
Luca Ceriscioli 251,050 41.07 1 Democratic Party 186,357 35.13 15
United for Marche (incl. PSI, FdV, IdV, SC) 26,677 5.03 2
Marche PopularsUdC (incl. CD, Demo.S) 18,109 3.41 1
Total 231.143 43.57 18
Giovanni Maggi 133,178 21.78 Five Star Movement 100,202 18.89 5
Francesco Acquaroli 116,048 18.98 Lega Nord Marche 69,065 13.02 3
Brothers of Italy 34,538 6.51 1
Total 103,591 19.53 4
Gian Mario Spacca 86,848 14.21 Forza Italia 49,884 9.40 2
Marche 2020Popular Area 21,049 3.97 1
Christian Democracy 4,388 0.83
Total 75,320 14.20 3
Edoardo Mentrasti 24,212 3.96 Other Marche–United Left (incl. SEL, PRC, PCd'I) 20,266 3.82
Invalid votes 34.605
Total candidates 645,941 100.00 1 Total parties 530,522 100.00 30
Registered voters 1,297,485 49.78
Source: Ministry of the Interior – Results


References[edit]

External links[edit]