Portal:Association football variants

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Football variants

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There are many variants of association football played around the world, these use widely differing rules and some have a more formal structure than others. Games such as Indoor soccer were created to provide year-round play, others such as Paralympic football were created to allow those with disabilities to compete. Some games, such as Footballtennis, are not related to association football but use a football to produce a variant of another game.

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Five-a-side football is a variation of association football in which each team fields five players (four outfield players and a goalkeeper), rather than the usual eleven. Other differences from football include a smaller pitch, smaller goals, and a reduced game duration. Games are often played indoors.

Additionally the ball is not allowed to go over "head height" or else the opposition is awarded an indirect free kick. The penalty area is also significantly different from regular football: it is semi-circular in shape and only the goalkeeper is allowed within it and he or she is not allowed out. There are normally no offside rules which means just one referee. No headers are allowed. Powerleague and Goals Soccer Centres are the two big operators of 5 a side football in the UK. Five-a-side football leagues can be played on astroturfs across the United Kingdom. Another rule in five-a-side football is that metal studded boots or blades cannot be worn, as it damages the playing surface.

Five-a-side is commonly played informally, and the rules are therefore flexible and are sometimes decided immediately before play begins; this is in contrast to futsal where official laws are published by FIFA.

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Street Football being played in Plymouth, Great Britain
Credit: Wikipedia user Ear1grey (talk · contribs)

Many people play variants of football in the streets, using either smaller or makeshift goals, in the streets and pathways with variations in the rules of Football.


Association football variants · Beach soccer · Futsal · Indoor soccer · View all...

Related portals

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Association Football Olympics Sports

This portal is maintained by the taskforce on football variants. These are all projects relating to WikiProject Football.