The BANGLADESH PORTAL
17:24, Tuesday, March 19, 2019 (UTC) • 23:24, Tuesday March 19, 2019 (BST) • Choitro 5
Bangladesh (; Bengali: বাংলাদেশ Bangladesh [ˈbaŋladeʃ] (listen), lit. "The country of Bengal"), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gônoprojatontri Bangladesh), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port. Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region. Bangladeshis include people from a range of ethnic groups and religions. Bengalis, who speak the official Bengali language, make up 98% of the population. The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country. Islam is the official religion of Bangladesh.
Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth. The country has 700 rivers and 8,046 km (5,000 mi) of inland waterways. Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. Bangladesh has many islands and a coral reef. The longest unbroken natural sea beach of the world, Cox's Bazar Beach, is located in the southeast. It is home to the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plant and wildlife, including endangered Bengal tigers, the national animal.
The Greeks and Romans identified the region as Gangaridai, a powerful kingdom of the historical Indian subcontinent, in the 3rd century BCE. Archaeological research has unearthed several ancient cities in Bangladesh, which enjoyed international trade links for millennia. The Bengal Sultanate and Mughal Bengal transformed the region into a cosmopolitan Islamic imperial power between the 14th and 18th centuries. The region was home to many principalities that made use of their inland naval prowess. It was also a notable center of the global muslin and silk trade. As part of British India, the region was influenced by the Bengali renaissance and played an important role in anti-colonial movements. The Partition of British India made East Bengal a part of the Dominion of Pakistan; and renamed it as East Pakistan. The region witnessed the Bengali Language Movement in 1952 and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established. A presidential government was in place between 1975 and 1990, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy. The country continues to face challenges in the areas of poverty, education, healthcare, and corruption.
Bangladesh is a middle power and a developing nation. Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 43rd in terms of nominal gross domestic product and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity. It is one of the largest textile exporters in the world. Its major trading partners are the European Union, the United States, China, India, Japan, Malaysia and Singapore. With its strategically vital location between South, East and Southeast Asia, Bangladesh is an important promoter of regional connectivity and cooperation. It is a founding member of SAARC, BIMSTEC, the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar Forum for Regional Cooperation and the Bangladesh Bhutan India Nepal Initiative. It is also a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Commonwealth of Nations, the Developing 8 Countries, the OIC, the Indian-Ocean Rim Association, the Non Aligned Movement, the Group of 77 and the World Trade Organization. Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces.
Biman Bangladesh Airlines
: বিমান বাংলাদেশ এয়ারলাইন্স
), commonly known as Biman
), is the national flag carrier
, having its main hub at Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport
with its flights also operating from its secondary hubs at Shah Amanat International Airport
as well as Osmani International Airport
. The airline provides international passenger and cargo services to multiple destinations and has air service agreements
with 42 countries. The headquarters of the airline, Balaka Bhaban
, is located in Kurmitola
, in the northern part of Dhaka. Annual Hajj
flights; transporting tourists, migrants and non-resident Bangladeshi workers; and the activities of its subsidiaries form an integral part of the corporate business of the airline. Bangladesh's air transport sector, which is experiencing an 8% annual growth rate thanks to a large number of outbound tourists, domestic tourists and non-resident Bangladeshi travellers, is very competitive with stiff competition among a number of domestic Bangladeshi private airlines
as well as Biman.
Created in February 1972, Biman enjoyed an internal monopoly in the aviation industry of Bangladesh until 1996. In the decades following its founding, the airline expanded its fleet and destinations but it was adversely affected by corruption and mismanagement. At its peak, Biman operated flights to 29 international destinations, extending from New York City in the west to Tokyo in the east. The airline was wholly owned and managed by the government of Bangladesh until 23 July 2007, when it was transformed into the country's largest public limited company by the Caretaker Government of Bangladesh. Since becoming a public limited company in 2007, the airline has reduced staff and begun to modernise its fleet. The airline had signed a deal with Boeing for ten new aircraft along with options for ten more in 2008. After getting delivery of the new planes, Biman expanded its destinations and increased in-flight amenities, especially onboard Internet and WiFi; mobile telephony; and live TV streams. Biman Bangladesh Airlines is certified as safe to fly in Europe by the European Aviation Safety Agency. In addition, Biman has also successfully passed the IATA Operational Safety Audit and since then, the airline has resumed flights to some of its previous destinations in Asia and Europe.
Where in Bangladesh...
, is the first day of the Bengali calendar, celebrated in both Bangladesh
and West Bengal
, and in Bengali
communities in Assam
. The most colourful New Year's Day festival takes place in Dhaka
. On this occasion the students and teachers of Institute of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka
take out a colourful procession and parade round the campus. This image shows a glimpse of the parade.
Photo Credit: Niloy
The Khan Mohammad Mridha Mosque
on Lalbagh road is situated less than half a kilometre west of the Lalbagh Fort
, in an area called Atish Khana
in old Dhaka
. Two Persian inscriptions, one over the central archway and the other over the central Mihrab, speak of its construction during 1704–05 AD.
Photo Credit: Ragib Hasan
The District of Rangamati
is a part of the Chittagong Hill Tracts
and is one of the most beautiful districts of the country. Its beauty lies in the people, culture, landscape and lifestyle. This picture featuring the skyline of Rangamati has been taken at Tabalchhori at BDR Rangamati.
Photo Credit: Sakib
is a traditional Bengali
sweet originated from Porabari
, Bangladesh. It is a very popular dessert in Bangladesh
. The cuisine comes in a variety of colors, mainly light pink, light yellow, and white. It is coated with coconut or mawa flakes as a garnish
. The sweet is oval and brownish.
Photo Credit: P.K.Niyogi
Asian Pied Starling
(Sturnus contra) is one of the 12 species of sturnidae
family birds that are resident in Bangladesh
. Locally known as Myna
) or Shalik
), these birds build their nests in holes or cavities in trees or buildings, or large globular structures of straw, twigs, etc. in trees.
Photo Credit: J.M.Garg
Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban
is the National Assembly Building of Bangladesh
, located in the capital Dhaka
. It was created by architect Louis I. Kahn
and is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world. It houses all parliamentary activities of Bangladesh.
Photo Credit: Karl Ernst Roehl
in Bangladesh known for its wide sandy beach, is believed to be the world's longest (120 km) natural sandy sea beach. It is located 152 km south of Chittagong
Photo Credit: ed g2s
, the official residential palace and seat of the Dhaka Nawab Family
, situated on the banks of the Buriganga River
. The palace
is now a museum.
Photo Credit: Mahbub Hossain Shaheed (mahosha)
, one of the remotest districts of Bangladesh, is famous for the beauty of its hilly terrain. The numerous Buddhist temples and bihars in the town, Prantik Lake, Jibannagar and Kyachlong Lake are some more places of interest. Boat ride on the river Sangu is another attraction for tourists. This image shows the skyline of the district from the pouplar Nilachol resort managed by Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation
Photo Credit: Fahad Faisal
In Bangladesh there are many tribal people live in Sylhet, Dinajpur, Cox's Bazar, Mymensingh, Rajshahi etc. But majority of tribal people live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts
. This picture features a tribal
kid with her little sister tied in her back at Farukpara, Bandarban
Photo Credit: Mohammad Rakibul Hasan
St. Martin's Island
is a small island in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal
, about 9 km south of the tip of the Cox's Bazar
peninsula, and forming the southernmost part of Bangladesh. There is a small adjoining island that is separated at high tide, called Chera Dwip
. It is about 8 kilometres (5 miles) west of the northwest coast of Myanmar
, at the mouth of the Naf River
Photo Credit: Niaz morshed Shovon
The District of Rangamati is a part of the Chittagong Hill Tracts and is one of the most beautiful districts of the country. Its beauty lies in the people, culture, landscape and lifestyle. The Hanging Bridge
at Rangamti district
, pictured here, is a famous landmark and tourist attraction of the district.
Photo Credit: Shakhawat Hossen Shafat
is a cotton fabric
of plain weave made in a wide range of weights from delicate sheers to coarse sheeting. This fabric used to be imported into Europe from India in the 17th century and was later manufactured in Scotland and England. Early muslin was hand woven of uncommonly delicate handspun yarn, especially in the region around Dhaka
, Bengal (now Bangladesh
). The picture depicts an 18th-century woman in Dhaka
clad in fine Bengali muslin.
Photo Credit: Francesco Renaldi
This is a photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art by Francis Hayman
(1708–1776) created in 1762. The artwork is showing Lord Clive
meeting with Mir Jafar
after the Battle of Plassey
(1757). Hayman based much of the painting off of Indian miniatures, as he had never been to India and had no firsthand knowledge of Indian dress. The painting was displayed in Vauxhall
soon after completion.
Did you know...
- ... that in December 2014 up to 350,000 litres (77,000 imp gal) of oil was spilt (pictured) after an oil tanker collided with a cargo vessel in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh?
- ... that the folk-rock band Bangla's debut album, which featured several little-known folk songs, sold over a hundred thousand copies in the first two weeks of its release?
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবর রহমান; March 17, 1920 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান Shekh Mujibur Rôhman; March 17, 1920 – August 15, 1975) was a Bengali political leader in East Pakistan and the founding leader of Bangladesh. He headed the Awami League, served as the first President of Bangladesh and later became its Prime Minister. He is popularly referred to as Sheikh Mujib, and with the honorary title of Bangabandhu (বঙ্গবন্ধু Bôngobondhu, "Friend of Bengal"). His eldest daughter Sheikh Hasina Wajed is the present leader of the Awami League and a former prime minister of Bangladesh.
A student political leader, Mujib rose in East Pakistani politics and within the ranks of the Awami League as a charismatic and forceful orator. An advocate of socialism, Mujib became popular for his leadership against the ethnic and institutional discrimination of Bengalis. He demanded increased provincial autonomy, and became a fierce opponent of the military rule of Ayub Khan. At the heightening of sectional tensions, Mujib outlined a 6-point autonomy plan, which was seen as separatism in West Pakistan. He was tried in 1968 for allegedly conspiring with the Indian government but was not found guilty. Despite leading his party to a major victory in the 1970 elections, Mujib was not invited to form the government.
After talks broke down with President Yahya Khan and West Pakistani politician Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Mujib was arrested and a guerrilla war erupted between government forces and Bengali nationalists aided by India. An all out war between the Pakistan Army and Bangladesh-India Joint Forces led to the establishment of Bangladesh, and after his release Mujib assumed office as a provisional president, and later prime minister. Even as a constitution was adopted, proclaiming socialism and a secular democracy, Mujib struggled to address the challenges of intense poverty and unemployment, coupled with rampant corruption. Amidst rising popular agitation, he banned other political parties and declared himself president for life in 1975. After only seven months, Mujib was assassinated along with his family by a group of army officers. (more...)