Portal:Beer

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B e e r

A portal dedicated to beer

The Beer Portal

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Beer is one of the oldest and most widely consumed alcoholic drinks in the world, and the third most popular drink overall after water and tea. Beer is brewed from cereal grains—most commonly from malted barley, though wheat, maize (corn), and rice are also used. During the brewing process, fermentation of the starch sugars in the wort produces ethanol and carbonation in the resulting beer. Most modern beer is brewed with hops, which add bitterness and other flavours and act as a natural preservative and stabilizing agent. Other flavouring agents such as gruit, herbs, or fruits may be included or used instead of hops. In commercial brewing, the natural carbonation effect is often removed during processing and replaced with forced carbonation.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi", a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people.

Beer is distributed in bottles and cans and is also commonly available on draught, particularly in pubs and bars. The brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries. The strength of modern beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (ABV), although it may vary between 0.5% and 20%, with some breweries creating examples of 40% ABV and above.

Beer forms part of the culture of many nations and is associated with social traditions such as beer festivals, as well as a rich pub culture involving activities like pub crawling and pub games.

The Beer WikiProject

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WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

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Selected article

A pint of ale.
Ale is a type of beer brewed from malted barley using a top-fermenting brewers' yeast. This yeast ferments the beer quickly, giving it a sweet, full bodied and fruity taste. Most ales contain hops, which impart a bitter herbal flavour that helps to balance the sweetness of the malt and preserve the beer. The other major style of beer is lager, which is bottom-fermented.

Ales are common in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium, Germany, the eastern provinces of Canada and among craft beer consumers in the United States. The German word for "top-fermenting" is "obergärig"; the French equivalent is "Haute fermentation".

Ale typically takes 3 to 4 weeks to make, although some varieties can take as long as 4 months. The Sumerians are credited with discovering beer in approximately 3000 BCE. They made ales in a shorter time than we do now because they did not add any hops. Lagers take a lot longer than ales to make and tend to be less sweet.



Selected brewery

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Carlsberg is the 5th largest brewery group in the world, present in about 50 countries and employing around 31,000 people. The company's headquarters are in Valby, Denmark. The company's main brand is Carlsberg Beer, but it also brews Tuborg as well as local beers. The company was founded in 1847 by J. C. Jacobsen.
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Selected beer

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Grimbergen Blonde
Produced by The Abbey of St. Norbert of Xanten

Grimbergen is the name of a group of Belgian abbey beers first brewed in 1128 at the abbey that Saint Norbert of Xanten built for the Norbertine monks in Grimbergen. The beers are now brewed by Alken Maes brewery group.


Selected quote

Beer, if drunk with moderation, softens the temper, cheers the spirit and promotes health
— Thomas Jefferson

Selected image

Hofbräuhaus in Munich, Germany.
Credit: Jcg2006, 2009-05-15

Hofbräuhaus in Munich, Germany.


Selected person

Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
B. March 27, 1942 – d. August 30, 2007

Michael Jackson was an English writer and journalist; he was the author of several books about beer and whisky. He became famous in beer circles in 1977 when his book, The World Guide To Beer, was published. This was later translated into more than ten languages and is still considered to be one of the most fundamental books on the subject. He also hosted a popular show entitled The Beer Hunter on the Discovery Channel.

Jackson considered beer as a component of culture and described beers in their cultural context. Although he travelled around the world and discovered different beer cultures, he was especially fond of the Belgian beers. In 1998, he brought forth his own line of beer glassware.



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