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I n t r o d u c t i o n
Bihar (; Hindi pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] (listen)) is a state in eastern India. It is the thirteenth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.
On 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state.
In ancient and classical India, the area that is now Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture. From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom.
Since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development. Many economists and social scientists claim that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the Freight equalisation policy, its apathy towards Bihar, lack of Bihari sub-nationalism, and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. The state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state. Improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a reduction in crime and corruption.
A Stone structure at the vikramshila excavation site
Diwan-e-Khas of Rohtas Fort
The Mundeshwari Devi Temple (also spelled as Mundesvari) is located at Kaura in Kaimur district in the state of Bihar, India on the Mundeshwari Hills. It is an ancient temple dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva and Shakti and is considered one of the oldest Hindu temples in Bihar. It is also considered as the 'oldest functional' temple of India.
The inscription of an information plaque erected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) at the site indicates the dating of the temple to 635 AD. However, there are other versions for the dating stating the Saka era, prior to Gupta dynasty rule (320 AD) in India, and specifically to 105 AD according to the Administrator of the Bihar Religious Trust Board. The temple, a protected monument under ASI since 1915, is substantially damaged and is under restoration.
Babu Veer Kunwar Singh (1777–1858), one of the leaders of the Indian rising of 1857 belonged to a royal PARMAR Kshatriya (Rajput) house of Jagdispur, currently a part of Bhojpur district, Bihar state, India. At the age of 80 years, during India’s First War of Independence (1857), he actively led a select band of armed soldiers against the troops of the East India Company, and also recorded victories in many battles.
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- We should not fret for what is past, nor should we be anxious about the future; men of discernment deal only with the present moment.
- If a king is energetic, his subjects will be equally energetic. If he is reckless, they will not only be reckless likewise, but also eat into his works. Besides, a reckless king will easily fall into the hands of his enemies. Hence the king shall ever be wakeful.
Today is May 21, 2019
- Feb 7: Bihar Diwas to be attended by a galaxy of luminaries including legendary Amitabh Bachchan TOI
- Aug 7: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has promised to constitute an inter-ministerial group to study Bihar's demand for special category status.TOI
- Aug 7: 50 students of the state, who topped in International Assessments for Indian Schools (IAIS)-2011, were felicitated here on Saturday at a programme organised by Macmillan Publishers India Limited at the Indira Gandhi Science Planetarium. TOI
- Aug 6: Indian Institute of Technology will host its third foundation day programme, IIT campus, Patliputra Colony, 9.30am.Telegraph
- Aug 6: Bihar government has taken major initiatives to promote organic farming in state.TOI
- Aug 5: Md Islam on Friday won the professional golf tournament, Professional Golf Tour of India (PGTI) 'Feeder Tour', organized by Patna Golf Club (PGC) here over the last three days.TOI
- Aug 5: Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) has invited bids for procurement of 300MW of power from September 1 to November 30 this year to ensure power availability during festivals.TOI
Did you know...
- ...Patna,Capital of Bihar, has been ranked as 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India,by City Mayors Foundation.Citymayors
- ...Bihar became first state in India to utilize Information technology for speedy disposal of complaint cases under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, by introducing videoconferencing system.TOI
- ...that Patna,capital of Bihar is second in terms of ease of starting a business,according to a World Bank ranking announced in 2009.
- ...that Bihar has been termed as India's new miracle economy,by The economic times,in the year 2010.This happened because,in the five-year period between 2004-05 to 2008-09, GDP of Bihar registered a growth of 11.03%.
- ...that A call center related to RTI,was first started in Bihar.It enables people living in remotest part of state,to submit application for information under RTI by using public or private telephone.
Tasks you can do
Wikipedia in Maithili
Wikipedia in Bhojpuri