A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person's experience of these life events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé), a biography presents a subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life, including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis of the subject's personality.
Biographical works are usually non-fiction, but fiction can also be used to portray a person's life. One in-depth form of biographical coverage is called legacy writing. Works in diverse media, from literature to film, form the genre known as biography.
An authorized biography is written with the permission, cooperation, and at times, participation of a subject or a subject's heirs. An autobiography is written by the person himself or herself, sometimes with the assistance of a collaborator or ghostwriter.
or Shen Kua
: Shěn Kuò
: Shen K'uo
) (1031–1095), style name Cunzhong
and pseudonym Mengqi Weng
, was a polymathic Chinese scientist
and statesman of the Song Dynasty
(960–1279). Excelling in many fields of study and statecraft, he was a mathematician
, hydraulic engineer
, academy chancellor
, finance minister
, governmental state inspector, poet
, and musician
. He was the head official for the Bureau of Astronomy
in the Song court, as well as an Assistant Minister of Imperial Hospitality. At court his political allegiance was to the Reformist faction known as the New Policies Group
, headed by Chancellor Wang Anshi
(1021–1086). (Read more...)
Things you can do
On this day – September 21
- 1645 - Louis Joliet, Canadian explorer (d. 1700)
- 1842 - Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
- 1866 - H. G. Wells, English writer (d. 1946)
- 1874 - Gustav Holst, English composer (d. 1934)
- 1912 - Chuck Jones, American animator (d. 2002)
- 1931 - Larry Hagman, (pictured) American actor
- 1945 - Jerry Bruckheimer, American film and television producer
- 1947 - Stephen King, American author
- 1950 - Bill Murray, American actor
- 1954 - Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister of Japan
- 1957 - Ethan Coen, American film director
- 1963 - Curtly Ambrose, West Indian cricketer
- 1968 - Ricki Lake, American actress and talk show hostess
- 1972 - Liam Gallagher, British singer (Oasis)
Did you know
- ... that Dave Gunness (pictured) designed concert loudspeakers used by Eric Clapton, Paul McCartney, Iron Maiden, Pearl Jam, Usher, and Snoop Dogg?
- ... that former Israeli politician and Speaker of the Knesset Shlomo Hillel was in charge of an underground ammunition factory disguised as a laundry facility during the British Mandate of Palestine?
- ... that Hasan ibn Zayd, the founder of the Zaydid emirate of Tabaristan, was succeeded by his brother Muhammad, who lost it to the Samanids?
- ... that Thomas Jefferson Ramsdell built the opera house where James Earl Jones started his career?
- ... that British physiologist Mabel Purefoy FitzGerald attended Oxford before women were granted degrees and 75 years later received an honorary master's when she was 100 years old?
- ... that Fredrik Magnus Piper introduced the English landscape garden to Sweden?
- ... that although Kosta Manojlović was instrumental in the establishment of the Belgrade Music Academy, serving as its first rector, he was forced to retire from it for political reasons?
Quote of the week
"From without, no wonderful effect is wrought within ourselves, unless some interior, responding wonder meets it. That the starry vault shall surcharge the heart with all rapturous marvelings, is only because we ourselves are greater miracles, and superber trophies than all the stars in universal space."
— Herman Melville
In Pierre: or, The Ambiguities, 1852