Portal:Guinea-Bissau

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Introduction

Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg

Guinea-Bissau (/ˌɡɪni bɪˈs/ (About this soundlisten)), officially the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (Portuguese: República da Guiné-Bissau [ʁeˈpublikɐ dɐ ɡiˈnɛ biˈsaw]), is a country in West Africa that covers 36,125 square kilometres (13,948 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,815,698.

Guinea-Bissau was once part of the kingdom of Gabu, as well as part of the Mali Empire. Parts of this kingdom persisted until the 18th century, while a few others were under some rule by the Portuguese Empire since the 16th century. In the 19th century, it was colonized as Portuguese Guinea. Upon independence, declared in 1973 and recognised in 1974, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with Guinea (formerly French Guinea). Guinea-Bissau has a history of political instability since independence, and no elected president has successfully served a full five-year term.

Selected panorama

People on the streets of Guinea-Bissau
A typical scene of people on the streets of Guinea-Bissau.

Selected article

Least Developed Countries map.svg

Least developed country (LDC) is the name given to a country which, according to the United Nations, exhibits the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

Countries may "graduate" out of the LDC classification when indicators exceed these criteria. The United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States coordinates UN support and provides advocacy services for Least Developed Countries.

The classification currently (as of 29 January 2009) applies to 49 countries. In 2007, the United Nations graduated Cape Verde from the category of Least Developed Countries, only the second time it has happened to any country. The first country to graduate from LDC status was Botswana in 1994. Samoa may become the third country to graduate, with a decision on this issue initially scheduled for 2008. As of February 2009, the decision on Samoa's status was still "pending". (Read more...)

Selected biography

General Batista Tagme Na Waie, also transliterated as Batista Tagme Na Wai (1949 – March 1, 2009) was chief of staff of the army of Guinea-Bissau until his assassination in 2009.

Na Waie was born in Catió. A participant in the junta that overthrew João Bernardo Vieira in the 1990s and a veteran of the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence, Na Waie was a member of the Balanta ethnic group. He had been appointed chief of staff as the result of the October 2004 murder of his predecessor, Veríssimo Correia Seabra; IRIN has described him as a "consensus figure put forward by the military establishment which the government felt forced to accept".

A "bitter rival" of Vieira, both before the junta (having survived Vieira's purges of the Guinea-Bissau military in the 1980s) and after Vieira's return to power, Na Waie reported surviving an assassination attempt in January 2009, when a militia assigned to the presidential palace opened fire on his staff car; the militia denied that this had been an assassination attempt.

On March 1, 2009, Na Waie was killed by an explosion in the headquarters of the Guinea-Bissau military. While witnesses reported seeing a rocket-propelled grenade, aides to Na Waie reported that a bomb was detonated under a staircase as Na Waie was heading to his office.

(Read more...)

In the news

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The Hauptbahnhof Briefmarke of Guinea-Bissau
The Hauptbahnhof Briefmarke of Guinea-Bissau.

Did you know?

  • ...Of all localities on the Western African coast - where oil now is found in one country after the other - the geological formations off Guinea-Bissau have been denominated the most promising. Guinea-Bissau's offshore areas are considered under-explored as exploration efforts repeatedly have been interrupted by political crises.[1]

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