Portal:Indian classical music

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Introduction

An Indian classical music performance.

Indian classical music is the classical music of the Indian subcontinent. It has two major traditions: the North Indian classical music tradition is called Hindustani , while the South Indian expression is called Carnatic. These traditions were not distinct till about the 16th century. There on, during the turmoils of Islamic rule period of the Indian subcontinent, the traditions separated and evolved into distinct forms. Bharatiya music emphasizes improvisation and exploring all aspects of a raga, while Carnatic performances tend to be short and composition-based. However, the two systems continue to have more common features than differences.

The roots of the classical music of India are found in the Vedic literature and the ancient Natyashastra, the classic Sanskrit text on performance arts by Bharata Muni. The 13th century Sanskrit text Sangita-Ratnakara of Sarangadeva is regarded as the definitive text by both the Bharatiya music and the Carnatic music traditions.

Selected biography

Rajasree Mukherjee (born July 7, 1959 in Tatanagar, India) is a renowned singer and Music Therapist. Rajasree Mukherjee is an Honors graduate in Zoology from Lady Brabourne College, Kolkata. She trained in Rabindra Sangeet from Padmasree Suchitra Mitra and ranked first class first in her Diploma examination from Rabi Tirtha School of Music, Kolkata. She is a double graduate in, vocalist and leading teacher of Indian Classical and Traditional music. Ranked second in Rabindra Sangeet all India basis, in her Sangeet Prabhakar graduation examination conducted by Prayag Sangeet Samiti, Allahabad. In 1975 she toured and performed in the United States and Canada with Suchitra Mitra. She later did her second graduation in Indian music, securing the Sangeet Visharad degree from Pracheen Kala Kendra, Chandigarh.

A gifted singer with a melodious voice she has proved to be a very popular performer. Her numerous concerts in Kenya, Tanzania, India, Canada and the United States have all drawn full houses. In addition to being a popular performer she is one of the most reputed trainers in Indian music in East Africa. She has written lyrics for over 120-film and non-film songs and recorded leading playback singers like Alka Yagnik, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Anuradha Paudwal, Abhijeet, Vinod Rathod, Mohamed Aziz and Shailendra Singh among others. As an experienced Music Therapist she has used Indian Classical music to great effect in meditation techniques. She has conducted several workshops on music over Television and Radio.

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A raga, literally "colour, hue" but also "beauty, melody"; also spelled raag, rag, ragam)[1] is one of the melodic modes used in Indian classical music.

It is a series of five or more musical notes upon which a melody is made. However, it is important to remember that the way the notes are rendered in musical phrases and the mood they convey are even more important in defining a raga than the notes themselves. In the Indian musical tradition, rāgas are associated with different times of the day, or with seasons. Indian classical music is always set in a rāga. Non-classical music such as popular Indian film songs and ghazals sometimes use rāgas in their compositions.

Joep Bor of the Rotterdam Conservatory of Music defined Raga as "tonal framework for composition and improvisation."[2] Nazir Jairazbhoy, chairman of UCLA's department of ethnomusicology, characterized ragas as separated by scale, line of ascent and descent, transilience, emphasized notes and register, and intonation and ornaments.[3]

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Ravikiran 25 A.jpg
Credit: Joe Mabel

South Indian (Carnatic) musical performance. From left to right:
—Guruvayur Dorai, mridangam
—Ravi Balasubramanian, ghatam
—Ravikiran, navachitraveena, which is his own invention, basically a hollow-body electric chitraveena played with a teflon (rather than ebony) slide.
—Akkarai S. Subhalakshmi, violin
Photo taken at Interlake High School, Bellevue, Washington, during a performance in the Ragamala series (Greater Seattle).

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References

  1. ^ "Raag" is the modern Hindi pronunciation used by Hindustani musicians; "ragam" is the pronunciation in Tamil.
  2. ^ Bor, Joep; Rao, Suvarnalata; Van der Meer, Wim; Harvey, Jane (1999). The Raga Guide. Nimbus Records. p. 181. ISBN 0954397606.
  3. ^ Jairazbhoy, Nazir Ali (1995). The Rāgs of North Indian music. Popular Prakashan. p. 45. ISBN 8171543952.

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