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Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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Tecumseh and Harrison
Tecumseh's War or Tecumseh's Rebellion are terms sometimes used to describe a conflict in the Old Northwest between the United States and an American Indian confederacy led by the Shawnee chief Tecumseh. Although the war is often considered to have climaxed with William Henry Harrison's victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, Tecumseh's War essentially continued into the War of 1812 and is frequently considered a part of that larger struggle.

The two principal adversaries in the war, Tecumseh and William Henry Harrison, had both been junior participants in the Battle of Fallen Timbers at the close of the Northwest Indian War in 1794. Tecumseh had declined to sign the Treaty of Greenville that had ended the war and ceded much of present-day Ohio to the United States. After the Greenville Treaty, most of the Ohio Shawnees settled at the Shawnee village of Wapakoneta on the Auglaize River, where they were led by Black Hoof, a senior chief who had signed the treaty. Little Turtle of the Miamis, who had also participated in the earlier war and signed the Greenville Treaty, lived in his village on the Eel River. Both Black Hoof and Little Turtle urged cultural adaptation and accommodation with the United States.

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Leatherwood Station Covered Bridge


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Sherman Minton's official United States Supreme Court photograph.jpg
Sherman Minton (October 20, 1890 – April 9, 1965) was a Democratic United States Senator from Indiana and an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Born in rural southern Indiana, he was impoverished during his youth after his father was disabled and his mother died of breast cancer. He worked to pay his way through high school and went on to attend Indiana University, Yale and the Sorbonne, served as a Captain in World War I, and then launched his legal and political career. After two failed attempts to be elected to the United States House of Representatives, Minton became involved in the administration of Governor of Indiana Paul V. McNutt where he earned a reputation for saving the government and the public money through his oversight of utility regulations. He won election to the United States Senate in 1934. As part of the New Deal Coalition, he was fiercely partisan and championed President Franklin D. Roosevelt's unsuccessful court packing plans in the Senate. After failing to be reelected to the Senate in 1940 and briefly serving as an administrative aid at the White House, he was appointed by Roosevelt to a federal judgeship on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, where he served for eight years and authored over 250 opinions. Minton was nominated by President Harry Truman and confirmed to replace a deceased Justice in 1949, becoming the last member of Congress to be appointed to the Supreme Court. He served on the Supreme Court for seven years where he advocated judicial restraint and opposed judicial activism. Initially a regular supporter of the majority opinions, he became a regular dissenter after the makeup of the court was altered due to the deaths and replacements of three of his fellow jurists. He retired from the court in 1956 due his worsening anemia. Minton was memorialized in southern Indiana when the Sherman Minton Bridge was named in his honor in 1962.

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Lafayette Indiana
Lafayette is a city in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, 63 miles (101 km) northwest of Indianapolis. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 56,397. The city is the county seat of Tippecanoe County. West Lafayette, just across the Wabash River, is home to Purdue University, which has a large impact on both communities. In its earliest days Lafayette was a shipping center on the Wabash River. The Wabash and Erie Canal in the 1840s further cemented Lafayette's regional prominence and was escalated by the arrival of the railroads in the 1850s. The Monon Railroad connected Lafayette with other sections of Indiana.

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The State of Indiana
Flag of Indiana State seal of Indiana
Flag of Indiana Seal
The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official languageEnglish
Largest cityIndianapolis
Largest metroIndianapolis-Carmel MSA
AreaRanked 38th
 • Total36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 • Width140 miles (225 km)
 • Length270 miles (435 km)
 • % water1.5
 • Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 • Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
PopulationRanked 15th
 • Total6,080,485
 • Density169.5/sq mi  (65.46/km2)
Ranked 16th
 • Highest pointHoosier Hill[1]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 • Mean689 ft  (210 m)
 • Lowest pointOhio River[1]
320 ft (98 m)
Admitted to the UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
GovernorEric Holcomb (R) (2017)
Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R) (2017)
LegislatureIndiana General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJoe Donnelly (D)
Todd Young (R)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zones 
 • 80 countiesEastern UTC-5/-4
 • 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
Central: UTC-6/-5


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Students reciting the pledge on Flag Day in 1899
Wouldn't it be a pity if someone said that is a prayer and that would be eliminated from schools too?


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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86

  1. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-06.