Indianapolis (), often shortened to Indy, is the state capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. According to 2017 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, the consolidated population of Indianapolis and Marion County was 872,680. The "balance" population, which excludes semi-autonomous municipalities in Marion County, was 863,002. It is the 16th most populous city in the U.S. The Indianapolis metropolitan area is the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S., with 2,028,614 residents. Its combined statistical area ranks 27th, with a population of 2,411,086. Indianapolis covers 368 square miles (950 km2), making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U.S.
Indigenous peoples inhabited the area dating to approximately 2000 BC. In 1818, the Delaware relinquished their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government. The city was platted by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile (2.6 km2) grid next to the White River. Completion of the National and Michigan roads and arrival of rail later solidified the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of the city's nicknames reflect its historical ties to transportation—the "Crossroads of America" and "Railroad City". Since the 1970 city-county consolidation, known as Unigov, local government administration operates under the direction of an elected 25-member city-county council headed by the mayor.
The Indiana Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument
is a 284-feet tall neoclassical oolitic limestone
and bronze monument
in the center of Indianapolis
(and Marion County, Indiana
). It was erected to honor Hoosiers
who were veterans of the American Revolution
, territorial conflicts that partially led up to the War of 1812
, the Mexican–American War
, and the US Civil War
. It was designed by German architect Bruno Schmitz
, and was completed in 1901. In addition to its external commemorative statuary and fountains, the basement of the monument is the Colonel Eli Lilly
Museum, a museum of Indiana
history during the American Civil War
. There is also an observation deck that can be reached by stairs for free or by elevator for a $1.00 charge.
The circle is the standard symbol of the city of Indianapolis, and the city's flag is an iconic representation of Monument Circle and the two streets (Meridian and Market) that feed into and out of it. One of Indy's recognizable nicknames, "the Circle City" comes from Monument Circle. At one time, it was illegal to build any building taller than the monument within Indianapolis city limits, although there are now many skyscrapers exceeding its size.
The poem America, Messiah of Nations was written by James Whitcomb Riley for the dedication of the monument and was transformed into a march by John Philip Sousa. Both Riley and Sousa performed the poem and march at the dedication ceremonies.
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The Butler Bulldogs
are the teams that represent Butler University
in U.S. NCAA
Division I athletic competition. Butler is a member of the Horizon League
. Butler holds two national championships in men's basketball; one from 1924, and one from 1929. Butler's basketball
arena, Hinkle Fieldhouse
, was the largest basketball arena in the US for several decades. It is considered a Hoosier Hysteria
icon: from its opening in 1928
, it was the site of the final rounds of the Indiana state high school basketball tournament.
In 1954, Butler hosted the historic final when Milan High School (enrollment 161) defeated Muncie Central High School (enrollment over 1,600) to win the state title. The state final depicted in the 1986 movie Hoosiers, loosely based on the Milan Miracle story, was shot in Hinkle Fieldhouse. A renovation of the Butler Bowl (football stadium) to be finished soon will include field turf, which will allow the Butler Bowl to host football, soccer, and other events.
Butler first joined a Division I conference in 1932 when the men's basketball team joined the Missouri Valley Conference. Other sports joined conferences in later years.
The Children's Museum of Indianapolis
, the world's largest children's museum
, is located in the city of Indianapolis
, United States
. There are miniature exhibits throughout the museum as well as resource centers for tourists and schools. The main stairwell of the museum is actually a giant spiral ramp which allows visitors to access all five levels of the museum by walking or the use of strollers and wheelchairs. In 2006, world renowned glass artist Dale Chihuly
installed a four story glass chandelier inside the giant spiral ramp. This installment is called "Fireworks of Glass" and is accompanied by an exhibit of Chihuly's glass blowing methods.
André D. Carson
(born October 16, 1974) is the Democratic U.S. Representative
for Indiana's 7th congressional district
. He began his political career by serving on the Indianapolis City-County Council
and in the Indiana Department of Homeland Security at the Intelligence Fusion Center, supervising an anti-terrorism unit. An Indianapolis
native who graduated from Arsenal Technical High School
in 1992. He earned his masters degree from Indiana Wesleyan University
, majoring in business management. He was a marketing specialist for Cripe Architects + Engineers. He is also a Democratic Party committeeperson in Center Township
of Marion County, Indiana
Carson, who describes himself as "an Orthodox, universal, secular Muslim," is the second Muslim to serve in the U.S. Congress, after Keith Ellison, and the first from Indiana. He is also the grandson of former Indiana Representative, Julia Carson.
- "Every race I run in is in preparation for the Indianapolis 500. Indy is the most important thing in my life. It is what I live for." -- former IRL driver Al Unser
- "What's that? Uh -- Playoffs? Don't talk about -- playoffs? You kidding me? Playoffs? I just hope we can win a game!" -- former Colts coach Jim E. Mora
- "The jazz scene - or the lack of it - has no correlation to my move back to Indianapolis. I wanted Indianapolis to be my home, and it is my home." -- jazz musician J. J. Johnson
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