From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Emblem of Italy.svg

Italy (Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna]), is a country in Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved states San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe.

In antiquity, Italy was the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the Roman Empire. According to tradition, Rome was founded as a Kingdom on April 21, 753 BC and became a Republic in 509 BC, when the monarchy was overthrown in favor of a government of the Senate and the People. Following the Roman unification of Italy at the expense of the Etruscans, Celts, and Greeks of the peninsula, Rome led a federation of the Italic peoples to the conquest of Western Europe, Northern Africa and the Near East. In 27 BC Caesar Augustus became the first Roman Princeps and inaugurated the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy, art and literature flourished. The crisis of the third century led to the separation of the Eastern Roman Empire from the Western Roman Empire. The Edict of Milan ended the persecution of Christians and the Edict of Thessalonica recognised religious primacy to the Bishop of Rome, the Pope. The West collapsed when Italy capitulated to the Herulians of Odoacer in 476 AD, but the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, law, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.

Selected general articles

  • Italian design refers to all forms of design in Italy, including interior design, urban design, fashion design and architectural design. Italy is recognized as being a worldwide trendsetter and leader in design: the architect Luigi Caccia Dominioni claims that "Quite simply, we are the best" and that "We have more imagination, more culture, and are better mediators between the past and the future". Italy today still exerts a vast influence on urban design, industrial design and fashion design worldwide. Generally, the term "design" is associated with the age of the Industrial Revolution, which arrived in Italy during the pre-unification in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, in this context, was born on Italian design and development in various fields such as silks San Leucio and workshops Pietrarsa, shipyards of Castellammare di Stabia. The rest of Italy was characterized by fragmented political and geographical condition and the threshold of 1860 was farming and backward. After the Unification of Italy, despite the slow consolidation of the cotton industry and factories, the industrialization of the country was seldom talked about prior to 1870-80. At the beginning of the twentieth century formed the first great Italian designers such as Vittorio Ducrot and Ernesto Basile. Read more...
  • The Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Italy is .it and is sponsored by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

    Currently Internet access is available to businesses and home users in various forms, including dial-up, fiber, cable, DSL, and wireless. Read more...
  • The following days are public holidays in Italy:

    In addition each city or town celebrates a public holiday on the occasion of the festival of the local patron saint: for example, Rome - 29 June (SS. Peter and Paul), Milan - 7 December (S. Ambrose). In South Tyrol, the holiday is instead on Whit Monday (which is also a public holiday in North Tyrol and the rest of German-speaking Europe). Read more...
  • This is a list of castles in Italy by location. Read more...
  • Italian Senate current.svg

    The Senate of the Republic (Italian: Senato della Repubblica) or Senate (Italian: Senato) is a house of the bicameral Italian Parliament (the other being the Chamber of Deputies). The two houses together form a perfect bicameral system, meaning they perform identical functions, but do so separately. Pursuant to Articles 57, 58, and 59 of the Italian Constitution, the Senate has a variable number of members, of which 309 are elected from Italian constituencies, 6 from Italian citizens living abroad, and a small number (currently 6) are senators for life (senatori a vita), either appointed or ex officio. It was established in its current form on 8 May 1948, but previously existed during the Kingdom of Italy as Senato del Regno (Senate of the Kingdom), itself a continuation of the Senato Subalpino (Subalpine Senate) of Sardinia established on 8 May 1848. Members of the Senate are styled Senator or The Honourable Senator (Italian: Onorevole Senatore) and they meet at Palazzo Madama, Rome. Read more...
  • Map of earthquakes in Italy 1900-2017

    This is a list of earthquakes in Italy.
  • Some typical Italian gastronomic products in a window display in Imola

    Italian cuisine is food typical of Italy. It has developed through centuries of social and economic changes, with roots stretching to antiquity.

    Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World and the introduction of potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers, maize and sugar beet, this last introduced in quantity in the 18th century. Italian cuisine is known for its regional diversity, especially between the north and the south of the Italian peninsula. It offers an abundance of taste, and is one of the most popular and copied in the world. It influenced several cuisines around the world, chiefly that of the United States. Read more...
  • The number of national daily newspapers in Italy was 107 in 1950, whereas it was 78 in 1965. There are also regional newspapers in the country some of which circulation is larger than that of national papers. Read more...
  • The list of the wealthiest of Italy is a list extracted from that published by United States Forbes, which brings together the richest men every year. Read more...
  • Did you know...

    Need help?

    Do you have a question about Italy that you can't find the answer to?

    Consider asking it at the Wikipedia reference desk.

    Get involved

    For editor resources and to collaborate with other editors on improving Wikipedia's Italy-related articles, see WikiProject Italy.

    Selected images

    In the news

    13 January 2019 –
    Italian far-left terrorist Cesare Battisti is extradited to Italy after his capture in Bolivia. Battisti was convicted of multiple murders nearly three decades ago. (ABC)
    24 December 2018 –
    Mount Etna erupts, causing the closure of Catania–Fontanarossa Airport in Sicily, Italy. (BBC) (China Economic Net)
    23 December 2018 – Politics of Italy, Italian government debt
    The Senate of Italy passes the 2019 budget by 167 votes to 78 and three abstentions, following the agreement on December 19 with the European Commission on the size of the structural deficit. (Channel News Asia)



    Recognized content

    Associated Wikimedia

    The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






    Learning resources



    Purge server cache