Lusatia (German: Lausitz, Lower Sorbian: Łužyca, Upper Sorbian: Łužica, Polish: Łużyce) is a region in Germany and Poland with around 1.4 million inhabitants. It includes the south of the German state of Brandenburg and the east of the Free State of Saxony as well as parts of the Polish voivodships of Lower Silesia and Lebus. Lusatia is divided from north to south into the regions of Lower Lusatia, Upper Lusatia and the Lusatian Mountains. Today the Spreewald is the northernmost part of Lower Lusatia; originally it extended as far as Berlin's Müggelsee. Of the Lusatian Mountains only the German part, usually called the Zittau Mountains, belongs to Lusatia - not the Czech part. The Lusatian Neisse river forms the border today between the German and Polish parts of Lusatia.
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