The Italian War of 1542–46
was a conflict late in the Italian Wars
, pitting Francis I of France
and Suleiman I
of the Ottoman Empire
against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
and Henry VIII
. The course of the war saw extensive fighting in Italy
, France, and the Low Countries
, as well as attempted invasions of Spain
and England; but, although the conflict was ruinously expensive for the major participants, its outcome was inconclusive. The war arose from the failure of the Truce of Nice
, which ended the Italian War of 1536–38
, to resolve the long-standing conflict between Charles and Francis—particularly their conflicting claims to the Duchy of Milan
. Having found a suitable pretext, Francis once again declared war against his perpetual enemy in 1542. Fighting began at once throughout the Low Countries; the following year saw a joint Franco-Ottoman attack on Nice
, as well as a series of maneuvers in northern Italy which culminated in the bloody Battle of Ceresole
. Charles and Henry then proceeded to invade France, but the long sieges
prevented a decisive offensive against the French. Charles came to terms with Francis by the Treaty of Crépy
in late 1544, but the death of Francis's younger son, the Duke of Orléans
—whose proposed marriage to a relative of the Emperor was the cornerstone of the treaty—made it moot less than a year afterwards. Henry, left alone but unwilling to return Boulogne to the French, continued to fight until 1546, when the Treaty of Ardres
finally restored peace between France and England.
The 1st Foreign Engineer Regiment (French: 1er régiment étranger de génie) (1er REG) is a Military engineer regiment in the French Foreign Legion. It is a part of the 6th Light Armoured Brigade. The regiment is station in Laudon.
It was created on 1 October, 1939 as the 6th Foreign Infantry Regiment. The manpower came from 3 battalions of the 1st Foreign Infantry Regiment and one from 2nd Foreign Infantry Regiment. It was disbanded 1 January 1942 and its soldiers were transeferred into the 1st Foreign Regiment and Foreign Legion depots.