From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Main page   New in Pokémon   Understanding Pokémon   Categories & Main topics   Things you can do
The Pokémon Portal


Logo of Pokémon for its international releases; Pokémon is short for the original Japanese title of Pocket Monsters

Pokémon (English: /ˈpkɪˌmɒn, -ki-, -k-/), also known as Pocket Monsters in Japan, is a media franchise managed by The Pokémon Company, a Japanese consortium between Nintendo, Game Freak, and Creatures. The franchise copyright is shared by all three companies, but Nintendo is the sole owner of the trademark. The franchise was created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1995, and is centered on fictional creatures called "Pokémon", which humans, known as Pokémon Trainers, catch and train to battle each other for sport. The English slogan for the franchise is "Gotta Catch 'Em All". Works within the franchise are set in the Pokémon universe.

The franchise began as Pokémon Red and Green (later released outside of Japan as Pokémon Red and Blue), a pair of video games for the original Game Boy that were developed by Game Freak and published by Nintendo in February 1996. Pokémon has since gone on to become the highest-grossing media franchise of all time, with $90 billion in total franchise revenue. The original video game series is the second best-selling video game franchise (behind Nintendo's Mario franchise) with more than 300 million copies sold and 1 billion mobile downloads, and it spawned a hit anime television series that has become the most successful video game adaptation with over 20 seasons and 1,000 episodes in 124 countries. In addition, the Pokémon franchise includes the world's top-selling toy brand, the top-selling trading card game with over 25.7 billion cards sold, an anime film series, a live-action film, books, manga comics, music, merchandise, and a theme park. The franchise is also represented in other Nintendo media, such as the Super Smash Bros. series.

Selected Pokémon

Caterpie (キャタピー, Kyatapī), known as the Worm Pokémon, are larval Pokémon found in the wild early in the Kanto and Johto regions. In main series Pokémon games set in these regions, Caterpie are among the earliest and easiest Pokémon species caught by players, as they are very weak. They can be evolved into their cocoon-like Metapod form and eventually into the butterfly-like Butterfree form. Caterpie resembles a green caterpillar with yellow ring-shaped markings down its body. Its most notable characteristic is the bright orange antennae on its head. These and the large eye-shaped markings help to startle predators. Their green bodies are useful for camouflage in foliage,[1] their eyes are patterned to scare away predators,[2] their suction-cup feet allow them to climb any surface,[3] and the osmeterium on their heads can project a horrid stench to repel predators.[4] It bears a resemblance to the spicebush swallowtail caterpillar. more...

Did you know?

  • ... that Abra, Kadabra, and Alakazam have received mixed reception, some arguing that they represented the occult?
  • ... that the glitch MissingNo. occurs as a result of buffer data containing the player's name not being cleared?
  • ... that Mr. Mime has been criticized as being a bad combination of mimes and clowns?
  • ... that the skin color of Jynx was modified because of complaints that the original design was racist?
  • ... that Koffing and Weezing have been described as examples of Japanese shinto practices?
  • ... that the Kalos region took heavy influences from France?


  1. ^ Pokédex: It crawls into foliage where it camouflages itself among leaves that are the same color as its body. Game Freak (2001-07-29). Pokémon Crystal. Game Boy Color. Nintendo.
  2. ^ Pokédex: It has large, eye-like patterns on its head as protection. They are used to frighten off enemies. Game Freak (2000-03-06). Pokémon Stadium. Nintendo 64. Nintendo.
  3. ^ Pokédex: Its short feet are tipped with suction pads that enable it to tirelessly climb slopes and walls. Game Freak (1998-09-30). Pokémon Red and Blue. Game Boy. Nintendo.
  4. ^ Pokédex: For protection, it releases a horrible stench from the antenna on its head to drive away enemies. Game Freak (2000-10-15). Pokémon Gold. Game Boy. Nintendo.


The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides



Purge server cache