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Portal:Railways in India

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Railway network map of India - schematic

Rail transport is an important mode of transport in India.

All main-line rail operations in India are handled by Indian Railways (IR), a state-owned organization of the Ministry of Railways. , the rail network comprises 121,407 km (75,439 mi) of track over a route of 67,368 km (41,861 mi) and 7,349 stations. It is the fourth-largest railway network in the world (after those of the United States, Russia and China). Forty nine percent of the routes are electrified with 25 KV AC electric traction while thirty-three percent of them are double or multi-tracked.

It is one of the busiest networks in the world, transporting 8.107 billion passengers and over 1.108 billion tonnes of freight annually, Indian Railways is the world's eighth largest employer, with more than 1.308 million employees as of March 2017. As of March 2017, IR's rolling stock consisted of 277,987 freight wagons, 70,937 passenger coaches and 11,452 locomotives. IR owns locomotive and coach-production facilities at several locations in India.

The urban rail transit systems across the country are operated independently of Indian Railways. There are currently 11 operational rapid transit (also called 'metro') systems in ten cities in India. As of November 2017, India has 425 kilometres (264 miles) of operational metro lines and 347 stations. A further 500+ km of lines are under construction.

Selected article

Indian Railways Headquarters.jpg

Indian Railways (reporting mark IR) is a State owned national transporter, responsible for rail transport in India. It is owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways. It is the fourth largest railway network in the world comprising 119,630 kilometres (74,330 mi) of total track and 92,081 km (57,216 mi) of running track over a route of 66,687 km (41,437 mi) with 7,216 stations at the end of 2015-16. In 2015-16, IR carried 8.107 billion passengers annually or more than 22 million passengers a day and 1.101 billion tons of freight annually. As of the end of 2015-16, of the total 68,525 km (42,579 mi) route length, 28,327 km (17,602 mi) or 45% were electrified and 28,371 km (17,629 mi) or 37% were double or multiple line routes. The railway network is predominantly a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge network. All the electrified lines use 25 kV AC electric traction. IR operates both long distance and suburban rail systems. IR ran on average 13,313 passenger trains daily in 2015-16. The trains have a five-digit numbering system. As of the end of 2015-16, IR's rolling stock comprised over 251,256 freight wagons, 70,241 passenger coaches and 11,122 locomotives (39 powered by steam, 5,869 by diesel fuel and 5214 by electricity). It also owns locomotive and coach production facilities at several places in India. IR is the world's eighth biggest employer and had 1.331 million employees at the end of 2015-16. In 2015–2016, IR had revenues of 1.683 trillion (US$24 billion), consisting of 1.069 trillion (US$15 billion) freight earnings and 442.83 billion (US$6.4 billion) passengers earnings. It had an operating ratio of 90.5% in 2015-16.

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Gatimaan Express

Gatimaan Express is a semi-high speed train that runs between Delhi and Agra. It operates at a maximum speed of 160 km/h (99 mph) and is currently the fastest train in India. The train takes 100 minutes to cover the 188 km (117 mi) journey from Hazrat Nizamuddin to Agra Cantt railway stations with an average speed of 112 km/h (70 mph) from 1 April 2018. The train was launched on 5 April 2016 and completed its maiden journey between Nizamuddin and Agra Cantt within 100 minutes. The train has two Executive AC Chair Car and eight AC Chair Car coaches. The train is equipped with bio-toilets, fire alarms, GPS-based passenger information system and sliding doors. The train has train hostesses for service, similar to airlines and the passengers get access to free Wi-Fi and multimedia content.

Selected engine

WAP7 electric loco at Gomoh, Jharkhand.jpg
WAP-7 of Gomoh Shed
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderChittaranjan Locomotive Works
Diesel Locomotive Works
Diesel-Loco Modernisation Works
Build date14 November 1998 - present
Total produced547 as of October 2018
Gauge5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
BogiesCo-Co, Fabricated Flexicoil Mark IV bogies; bogie wheelbase 1,850 mm (72 78 in) + 1,850 mm (72 78 in)
Wheel diameter1,092 mm (43 in) new, 1,016 mm (40 in) worn
Wheelbase15,700 mm (51 ft 6 18 in)
 • Over beams20,562 mm (67 ft 5 12 in)
Width3,152 mm (10 ft 4 18 in)
 • Pantograph4,255 mm (13 ft 11 12 in)
Axle load20.5 t (20.2 long tons; 22.6 short tons)
Loco weight123 t (121 long tons; 136 short tons)
Power supply3-phase 50 Hz 415 V / 750 V
Electric system/s25 kV 50 Hz catenary
Current pickup(s)Pantograph
Traction motors6FRA 6068 3-phase squirrel-cage induction motors
850 kW (1,140 hp), 2180 V, 1283/2484 rpm, 270/310A;
Weight-2,100 kg (4,600 lb), forced-air ventilation, axle-hung, nose-suspended;
Torque 6,330–7,140 N⋅m (4,670–5,270 lbf⋅ft)
~88% efficiency.
Gear ratio72:20
Loco brakeAir and regenerative
Train brakesAir
Performance figures
Maximum speed140 km/h (87 mph)
Power outputContinuous : 6,122 hp (4,565 kW)
Tractive effortStarting : 322 kN (72,000 lbf) Continuous : 228 kN (51,000 lbf) at 71 km/h
OperatorsIndian Railways
Numbers30201 onwards
First run19 May 2000

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Howrah–Nagpur–Mumbai line
0 Howrah
116 Kharagpur
to Howrah–Chennai main line
to Adra
More information:Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
West Bengal-Jharkhand border
250 Tatanagar
to Asansol–Tatanagar line
More information:Tatanagar–Bilaspur section
312 Chakradharpur
JharkhandOdisha border
413 Rourkela
515 Jharsuguda
to Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
528 Brajarajnagar
OdishaChhattisgarh border
588 Raigarh
637 Sakti
to Korba
667 Champa
720 Bilaspur
to Katni
More information:Bilaspur–Nagpur section
767 Bhatapara
to Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line
830 Raipur
867 Durg
897 Rajnandgaon
928 Dongargarh
Chhattisgarh-Maharashtra border
to Balaghat
1001 Gondia
to Bilaspur–Nagpur section
1051 Tumsar Road
1069 Bhandara Road
to Chhindwara
1131 Nagpur
to Itarsi
1207 Sevagram
to Nagpur–Hyderabad line
1210 Wardha
1239 Pulgaon
1259 Dhamangaon
1305 Badnera
1346 Murtajapur
to Secunderabad
1384 Akola Junction
to Khandwa
1421 Shegaon
1434 Jalamb
1446 Nandura
1474 Malkapur
to Howrah–Allahabad–Mumbai line
1524 Bhusawal
1548 Jalgaon
1641 Chalisgaon
1708 Manmad
1781 Nasik
1787 Devlali
1832 Igatpuri
1915 Kalyan
More information:Central line
Lokmanya Tilak Terminus
1959 Dadar Central
1968 Mumbai CST

Source: Indian Railway Time Table and make my trip

Selected image

Secunderabad Railway Station in 1928
A locomotive entering the platform number 3 of the Secunderabad Railway Station, in 1928. This was when the station was under the Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway and the Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways, during the British rule over India, under the princely state of Hyderabad.

Selected clip

Timelapse video of Dibrugarh-Kanyakumari Vivek Express, 2016

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Howrah Junction
Regional rail and Commuter rail station
Howrah Station.jpg
Howrah Station, view from Hooghly River
LocationLower Foreshore Rd, Howrah - 711101 West Bengal
Coordinates22°34′54″N 88°20′32″E / 22.5818°N 88.3423°E / 22.5818; 88.3423Coordinates: 22°34′54″N 88°20′32″E / 22.5818°N 88.3423°E / 22.5818; 88.3423
Elevation12 metres (39 ft)
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byEastern Railway and South Eastern Railway Zone
Line(s)Howrah-Delhi main line
Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai main line
Howrah-Chennai main line
Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai main line
ConnectionsBus interchange ferry/water interchange Mainline rail interchange
Structure typeStandard (on ground station)
Other information
Station codeHWH
Division(s) Howrah (ER)
Opened1854; 165 years ago (1854)
Electrified1954; 65 years ago (1954)
Previous namesEast Indian Railway Company
Preceding station   Indian Railway   Following station
Eastern Railway zoneTerminus
South Eastern Railway zoneTerminus

Selected railway bridge

Pamban Bridge

பாம்பன் பாலம்
Rail and Road bridges, Rameswaram.jpg
Pamban bridge
Coordinates9°16′57.25″N 79°12′5.91″E / 9.2825694°N 79.2016417°E / 9.2825694; 79.2016417
LocaleRameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
OwnerIndian Railways
Total length2,065 metres (6,775 ft)
No. of spans144
Rail characteristics
No. of tracks1
Track gaugebroad gauge
Construction start1911
Construction end1914

Did you Know...

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway.jpg

In the News

2019 in rail transport in India

  • July 20 – The government of Andra Pradesh announces that among the eight companies that submitted proposals, Larsen & Toubro is the preferred bidder for construction of the Hyderabad Metro in India, costing a proposed Indian Rupee symbol.svg122 billion. The state and federal governments will each finance 20% of the project while Larsen & Toubro will finance the remaining 60%. The project is expected to be completed in 2014. (Railway Gazette)
  • June 6 - Passengers of the Hazrat Nizamuddin-Visakhapatnam Samata Express had a narrow escape when its engine derailed near Arand railway station in Chhattisgarh, but no one was injured. Rail services through the track were affected for about five hours due to the derailment at an area between Arand and Bhimkhoj stations in Raipur section. The cause of derailment is yet to be ascertained, officials said.The Hindu



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