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The Schools portal

School building and recreation area in England

A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students (or "pupils") under the direction of teachers. Most countries have systems of formal education, which is commonly compulsory. In these systems, students progress through a series of schools. The names for these schools vary by country (discussed in the Regional section below) but generally include primary school for young children and secondary school for teenagers who have completed primary education. An institution where higher education is taught, is commonly called a university college or university, but these higher education institutions are usually not compulsory.

In addition to these core schools, students in a given country may also attend schools before and after primary (Elementary in the US) and secondary (Middle school in the US) education. Kindergarten or pre-school provide some schooling to very young children (typically ages 3–5). University, vocational school, college or seminary may be available after secondary school. A school may be dedicated to one particular field, such as a school of economics or a school of dance. Alternative schools may provide nontraditional curriculum and methods.

There are also non-government schools, called private schools. Private schools may be required when the government does not supply adequate, or special education. Other private schools can also be religious, such as Christian schools, madrasa, hawzas (Shi'a schools), yeshivas (Jewish schools), and others; or schools that have a higher standard of education or seek to foster other personal achievements. Schools for adults include institutions of corporate training, military education and training and business schools.

In home schooling and online schools, teaching and learning take place outside a traditional school building. Schools are commonly organized in several different organizational models, including departmental, small learning communities, academies, integrated, and schools-within-a-school.

Selected article

Robert College Gould Hall
Robert College of Istanbul (Turkish: Istanbul Amerikan Robert Lisesi), is one of the most selective independent private high schools in Turkey. Robert College is a co-educational, boarding school with a 65-acre wooded campus on the European side of Istanbul between the two bridges on the Bosphorus, with the Arnavutköy district to the east, and the upscale Ulus district to the west. Founded in 1863 by Christopher Robert, a wealthy American and a philanthropist, and Cyrus Hamlin, a missionary devoted to education, the Institution is the oldest American school still in existence in its original location outside of the United States. This title is also claimed by the American College of Sofia, founded in 1860.

Robert College admits nearly 160-200 students each year, who have scored within the top two percentile in the Turkish national examination. It is accredited by the New York State Association of Independent Schools, European Council of International Schools, Council of International Schools and International Baccalaureate Organization. Robert College has a long list of notable alumni, including entrepreneurs, political leaders, journalists, artists and one Nobel Prize recipient, Orhan Pamuk. The School is a member of the G20 Schools group.

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'Main School' at the Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney
Credit: User:J Bar

The Presbyterian Ladies' College, Sydney (PLC Sydney) is an independent, Presbyterian, day and boarding school for girls in Croydon, an inner-western suburb of Sydney, Australia. Alumni include Sibyl Morrison, the first female barrister in New South Wales, Marie Byles, the first practicing female solicitor in New South Wales, and Florence Mary Taylor, the first qualified female architect and first woman to train as an engineer in Australia.

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Selected biography

Percy Shaw Jeffrey
Percy Shaw Jeffrey (March 14, 1862 - February 22, 1952) was a respected schoolmaster and author of several books on a range of topics, including significant contributions towards the teaching of phonetics in schools. Born in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire to Thomas Ashby Jeffrey, a chemist, and Mary Helen Jeffrey (née Sparrow), he taught at a variety of schools before spending sixteen years as headmaster at Colchester Royal Grammar School. Shaw Jeffrey was particularly at home with modern languages, and lectured on the topic and how it should be taught. Later on, he authored more works relating to education. With his wife Alice, he retired to the town of Whitby in 1916, where he spent his time between numerous trips to countries around the world.

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