The blacktip shark
, Carcharhinus limbatus
, is a species of requiem shark
, family Carcharhinidae. It is common to coastal tropical and subtropical waters around the world, including brackish
habitats. Genetic analyses
have revealed substantial variation within this species, with populations from the western Atlantic Ocean
isolated and distinct from those in the rest of its range. The blacktip shark has a stout, fusiform
body with a pointed snout, long gill slits
, and no ridge between the dorsal fins
. Most individuals have black tips or edges on the pectoral
, dorsal, pelvic
, and caudal fins
. It attains a maximum length of 2.8 m (9.0 ft).
Swift, energetic piscivores, blacktip sharks are known to make spinning leaps out of the water while attacking schools of small fish. Their demeanor has been described as "timid" compared to other large requiem sharks. Both juveniles and adults form groups of varying size. Like other members of its family, the blacktip shark is viviparous; females bear 1–10 pups every other year. Young blacktip sharks spend the first months of their lives in shallow nurseries, and grown females will return to the nurseries where they were born to give birth themselves. In the absence of males, females are also capable of asexual reproduction. Normally wary of humans, blacktip sharks can become aggressive in the presence of food and have been responsible for a number of attacks on people. This species is of importance to both commercial and recreational fisheries across many parts of its range, with its meat, skin, fins, and liver oil utilized. It has been assessed as Near Threatened by the World Conservation Union, on the basis of its low reproductive rate and level of human exploitation.