Sherlock Holmes ( or ) is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Referring to himself as a "consulting detective" in the stories, Holmes is known for his proficiency with observation, forensic science, and logical reasoning that borders on the fantastic, which he employs when investigating cases for a wide variety of clients, including Scotland Yard.
First appearing in print in 1887's A Study in Scarlet, the character's popularity became widespread with the first series of short stories in The Strand Magazine, beginning with "A Scandal in Bohemia" in 1891; additional tales appeared from then until 1927, eventually totalling four novels and 56 short stories. All but one are set in the Victorian or Edwardian eras, between about 1880 and 1914. Most are narrated by the character of Holmes's friend and biographer Dr. Watson, who usually accompanies Holmes during his investigations and often shares quarters with him at the address of 221B Baker Street, London, where many of the stories begin.
Elementary is an American crime drama series that presents a contemporary update of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's character Sherlock Holmes. The series was created by Robert Doherty and stars Jonny Lee Miller as Sherlock Holmes and Lucy Liu as Dr. Joan Watson. The first season premiered on CBS in September 2012 and season two began airing in October 2013. The series is set and filmed primarily in New York City.
The show follows Holmes, a recovering drug addict and former consultant to Scotland Yard, as he assists the New York City Police Department in solving various crimes. His indifference of police procedures often lead to conflict with Captain Thomas "Tommy" Gregson (Aidan Quinn) though the two have a mutual respect for one another. He is initially accompanied by Watson as his sober companion. She is a former surgeon and was hired by Holmes father to help him in his rehabilitation. However, they soon form a bond and she begins training as Holmes apprentice detective. Although the series portrays many crimes and culprits, it also features Holmes conflict with Moriarty and Irene Adler (Natalie Dormer). Other supporting roles include Jon Michael Hill as Detective First Grade Marcus Bell and Rhys Ifans as Mycroft Holmes, who wishes for Sherlock to return to England.
On 23 October 2012, CBS picked up Elementary for a full season. On 15 November 2012, the network ordered two additional episodes, bringing the total number of episodes to 24. On 27 March 2013, the series was renewed for its second season, which premiered on 26 September 2013 with an episode filmed on location in London.
Irene Adler (Adler's wedding which Holmes attended pictured, illustrated in The Strand Magazine in 1891), also known as the woman, is a fictional character in the Sherlock Holmes stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Adler is introduced as the protagonist in "A Scandal in Bohemia". In her fictional chronology, she is an opera singer who performs contralto; she is from New Jersey. Adler becomes romantically involved with the King of Bohemia. Some years later, the King goes to Holmes and asks him to retrieve a compromising photograph, but Holmes has one of his career's rare failures. There is speculation about who Adler was based on, and although some believe that Lillie Langtry, the "Jersey Lily", is the model, it has also been speculated that Lola Montez, a lover of Ludwig I of Bavaria, who influenced his politics, and Ludmilla Stubel, the lover and wife of Archduke Johann Salvator of Austria, have both been suggested. Although Adler only has a major appearance in one short story, she is regarded as one of the most important characters in the Sherlock Holmes series. In derivative works, she is often used as a romantic interest, often for Holmes.
Photo credit: Jordan 1972
The Sherlock Holmes Museum in Baker Street, London, is between the houses 237 and 241, but City of Westminster gave the Museum permission to display 221b, the fictional residence of Holmes, and Watson for a time in the stories.
Did you know?