Portal:Shia Islam

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Shia Islam

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Shia Islam (/ˈʃə/; Arabic: شيعةShīʿah, from Shīʿatu ʿAlī, "adherents of Ali") is one of the two main branches of Islam. It holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from the caliphate as a result of the incident of Saqifah. This view primarily contrasts with that of Sunni Islam, whose adherents believe that Muhammad did not appoint a successor and consider Abu Bakr, who they claim was appointed caliph by a small group of Muslims at Saqifah, to be the first rightful caliph after the Prophet.

Unlike the first three Rashidun caliphs, Ali was from the same clan as Muhammad, Banu Hashim as well as being the prophet's cousin and being the first male to become Muslim.

Adherents of Shia Islam are called Shias of Ali, Shias or the Shi'a as a collective or Shi'i or Shi'ite individually. Shia Islam is the second largest branch of Islam: as of the late 2000s, Shia Muslims constituted 10–15% of all Muslims. Twelver Shia (Ithnā'ashariyyah) is the largest branch of Shia Islam, with 2012 estimates saying that 85% of Shias were Twelvers.

Shia Islam is based on the Quran and the message of Muhammad attested in hadith, and on hadith taught by their Imams. Shia consider Ali to have been divinely appointed as the successor to Muhammad, and as the first Imam. The Shia also extend this Imammah doctrine to Muhammad's family, the Ahl al-Bayt ("the people/family of the House"), and some individuals among his descendants, known as Imams, who they believe possess special spiritual and political authority over the community, infallibility and other divinely ordained traits. Although there are many Shia subsects, modern Shia Islam has been divided into three main groupings: Twelvers, Ismailis and Zaidis, with Twelver Shia being the largest and most influential group among Shia.

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Hassan ibn Ali, the second Imam of Shia.
"Both the abodes (this world and the Hereafter) are grasped by the intellect, and whoever is deprived of the intellect is deprived of them both."

Source

  • Al-Irbili, Kashf al-Ghamma, vol.3, p. 197.

In the news

November 2018

  • 1 - Nov:Islamic Movement in Nigeria (IMN) reports forty-nine deaths since 27 Oct-2018 and refutes Nigerian Army’s official death toll of six. The USA Embassy in Nigeria asked for an inquiry of clashes between IMN supports and Nigerian Army [2].
  • Amnesty International claims use of automatic weapons by the police and security forces during IMN Arba’een marches in and around Abuja in which 45 people were killed and some 122 injured [3] & [4].

October 2018

  • 31 - Oct: Over 13 million people have participated in Arbaeen 2018 (The Express Tribune)
  • According to camera recording of 10 by-passes, this year 11.9 million pilgrims entered the city of Karbala after 10th of Safar (20 October-2018). These statistics do not cover the people who arrived the city of Karbala through main streets and those remained out of city. Estimation of people entered prior to 20th or in the afternoon of Arbaeen day have not been counted[5].
  • 29 - Oct: Dr. Malkhaz Songulashvili from Georgia arrives Karbala to participate in Arba'een pilgrimage-2018, during his visit he discloses that “in Bible mentioning of man who slaughtered in Euphrates is Hussain[6]
  • Lord Maurice Glasman a participating guest in Arbaeen-2018, when arrives Karbala after walking several days from Najaf describes that politically, ethically and spiritually it is an extremely remarkable journey[7]. A person who sees the scenario with own eyes, which enables him/her to recognize the sentimental feelings in which these people remain mesmerized in love of Hussain Ibn Ali. [(Pakistan Today)]
  • 27 - Oct:Killing of Five members of the Islamic Movement in Nigeria (IMN) is reported [8][9]. Spokesman of the IMN discloses that members of their community from Suleja city were attending a three days peaceful religious procession of Arbaeen from 27 to 30 October-2018[10].
  • 23 - Oct:This Year above ten thousand licensed groups consisting of volunteers from all over the world have been offering free services to pilgrims of Arba’een-2018 [11]
  • Iranian authorities have arrested three terrorist groups designing to target at pilgrimage of Arbaeen to be commemorated on 30 October, 2018, (Business Insider)


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