Clothing in history
, showing (from top) Egyptians, Ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Franks, and 13th through 15th century Europeans.
Clothing (also known as clothes, apparel and attire) is a collective term for items worn on the body. Clothing can be made of textiles, animal skin, or other thin sheets of materials put together. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depend on body type, social, and geographic considerations. Some clothing can be gender-specific.
Physically, clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions, and they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation.
(24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was an English textile designer
, artist, writer, and socialist
associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
and the English Arts and Crafts Movement
Born at Walthamstow near London, Morris was educated at Oxford University, where he met his life-long friend and collaborator, the artist Edward Burne-Jones. In 1856, Morris became an apprentice to Gothic revival architect G. E. Street. That same year he founded the "Oxford and Cambridge Magazine", an outlet for his poetry and a forum for development of his theories of hand-craftsmanship in the decorative arts. In 1861, Morris founded a design firm in partnership with Burne-Jones, the architect Philip Webb and the poet and artist Dante Gabriel Rossetti which had a profound impact on the decoration of churches and houses into the early 20th century. Morris's chief contribution was as a designer of repeating patterns for wallpapers and textiles, many based on a close observation of nature. Morris was also responsible for the resurgence of traditional textile arts and methods of production.
Did you know...
(which gets its name from the French city of Nîmes
(de Nîmes)) is a rugged cotton twill textile
, in which the weft
passes under two (twi-
"double") or more warp
threads. This produces the familiar diagonal ribbing identifiable on the reverse of the fabric, which distinguishes denim from cotton duck
. Denim has been in American usage since the late 18th century. The word comes from the name of a sturdy fabric called serge
, originally made in Nîmes
, France, by the André family. Originally called Serge de Nîmes
, the name was soon shortened to denim. Denim was traditionally colored blue with indigo dye
to make blue "jeans
", though "jean" then denoted a different, lighter cotton textile; the contemporary use of jean comes from the French word for Genoa
(Gênes), where the first denim trousers were made.
File:17th century Central Tibeten thanka of Guhyasamaja Akshobhyavajra, Rubin Museum of Art.jpg
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Things you can do
Here are some tasks awaiting attention:
- Article requests : Japanese embroidery, Care label (or laundry tag), Crocodile leather, Argentella, Battenberg (lace) (see Ostrich leather for example)
- Assess : Rate unassessed articles for quality and importance
- Cleanup : Tassel, Burlap, or One of the articles in our cleanup list
- Copyedit : History of knitting, Drawn thread work
- Expand : History of textiles and clothing, Casting on (knitting)
- Photo : Hairpin lace, Point de Gaze, Buratto, Youghal lace, Hollie Point
- Stubs : Afghan blanket, Emilie Bach, Candlewicking, Dip stitch (knitting), Elongated stitch (knitting), More stubs...
- Verify : Clothing, Ply, Bobbinet, Braid, Canvas, Cardigan (sweater), Cotton-spinning machinery, Crocheted lace, Damask, Distaff, Dobby loom, Drawn thread work, Dyeing, Hemline, Ikat, Lace, Natural fiber, Neckline, Oilskin, Overlock, Machine embroidery
- Other : Help find and upload Requested pictures