Portal:Ulaanbaatar

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Now we have more than 100 articles about the Mongolian capital.

Introduction

Ulaanbaatar City

Ulaanbaatar, formerly anglicised as Ulan Bator /ˌlɑːn ˈbɑːtər/ (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар, [ʊɮɑːm.bɑːtʰɑ̆r], literally "Red Hero"), is the capital and largest city of Mongolia. The city is not part of any aimag (province), and its population was over 1.3 million, almost half of the country's total population. Located in north central Mongolia, the municipality lies at an elevation of about 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. It is the country's cultural, industrial and financial heart, the centre of Mongolia's road network and connected by rail to both the Trans-Siberian Railway in Russia and the Chinese railway system.

The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. It settled permanently at its present location, the junction of the Tuul and Selbe rivers, in 1778. Prior to that occasion it changed location twenty-eight times, each new location being chosen ceremonially. In the twentieth century, Ulaanbaatar grew into a major manufacturing center. Ulaanbaatar is a member of the Asian Network of Major Cities 21. The city's official website lists Moscow, Hohhot, Seoul, Sapporo and Denver as sister cities.

Selected article

The New Ulaanbaatar International Airport (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар хотын олон улсын шинэ нисэх онгоцны буудал) (IATA: UBN, ICAO: ZMCK), or the Khöshig Valley Airport (Mongolian: Хөшигийн хөндийн нисэх буудал) is a new international airport presently under construction 52 km south of Ulaanbaatar city center in Sergelen sum, Töv Province, Mongolia. It will serve Ulaanbaatar and its metropolitan area..

Originally hoped to open in 2016 but repeatedly postponed , the airport is now expected to start receiving air traffic in August 2019. This airport will replace and obtain the name of the current Chinggis Khaan International Airport.


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Jugder3.jpg

A 1913 panorama of Urga. The large circular compound in the middle is the Zuun Khuree temple-palace complex. The Gandan temple complex is to the left. The palaces of the Bogd are to the south of the river. To the far bottom right of the painting is the Maimaicheng district. To its left are the white buildings of the Russian consulate area. The Manjusri monastery can be seen on Mount Bogd Khan Uul at the bottom-right of the painting

Image credit: Jugder

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