Portuguese House of Burgundy

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Portuguese House of Burgundy
Casa de Borgonha
Coat of Arms of D. Henry of Burgundy, Count of Portugal.png
Parent houseHouse of Burgundy
CountryKingdom of Portugal
FounderHenrique I, Count of Portugal
Current headExtinct
Final rulerFerdinand I of Portugal
Estate(s)of Portugal
Cadet branches

The Portuguese House of Burgundy or the Afonsine Dynasty is a cadet branch of the House of Burgundy, descended from Henry, Count of Portugal. Henry was a younger son of Henry of Burgundy, the son and heir of Robert I of Burgundy who died before he could inherit the Duchy.



King Afonso I, the first King of Portugal

The younger Henry, having little chance of inheriting any land or titles, had joined the reconquista in the Iberian Peninsula in the late 11th century. After conquering parts of Galicia and northern Portugal on behalf of Alfonso VI of León, he married Alfonso's illegitimate daughter, Teresa, and was given the County of Portugal as a fief under the Kingdom of León. His son, Afonso Henriques, became King of Portugal after defeating his mother in the Battle of São Mamede in 1128. It was only in 1179 that Pope Alexander III recognized Portugal as an independent state,[1] recognition, at the time, needed for total acceptance of the kingdom in the Christian world.

Kings of Portugal[edit]

The kings that succeeded Afonso I continued the Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula against the Moors. Afonso III conquered the Algarve and adopted the title of King of Portugal and the Algarve.

The borders of Portugal were defined in the Treaty of Alcanizes (1297) when king Dinis I, son of Afonso III, started developing the kingdom's land.


In 1383 Beatrice, princess of Portugal and heir to the throne married John I of Castile. When Ferdinand I (her father) died during the same year the kingdom entered a period of anarchy called the 1383-1385 Crisis, threatened with a possible annexation by Castile. This period ended in 1385 with the victory of the Portuguese in the Battle of Aljubarrota and a new dynasty began with John I, Master of Aviz (illegitimate son of Peter I), thus called the House of Aviz.

Burgundian Kings of Portugal[edit]

  1. Afonso I - The Conqueror - (1139–1185)
  2. Sancho I - The Populator - (1185–1211)
  3. Afonso II - The Fat - (1211–1223)
  4. Sancho II - The Pious - (1223–1248)
  5. Afonso III - The Bolognian - (1248–1279)
  6. Dinis I - The Farmer - (1279–1325)
  7. Afonso IV - The Brave - (1325–1357)
  8. Pedro I - The Cruel or The Just - (1357–1367)
  9. Fernando I - The Handsome or The Inconstant - (1367–1383)

Family tree of the Portuguese House of Burgundy[edit]

Robert I
duke of Burgundy
heir apparent
Hugh I
duke of Burgundy
Odo I
duke of Burgundy
bishop of Langres
countess of Portugal
Hugh II
duke of Burgundy
Afonso I
king of Portugal
duke of Burgundy
(illeg.) Fernando
gr. master of Knights Hospitalier
Sancho I
king of Portugal
Hugh III
duke of Burgundy
Afonso II
king of Portugal
Peter I
count of Urgell
count of Flanders
duke of Burgundy
Guigues VI
count of Viennois
Sancho II
king of Portugal
Afonso III
king of Portugal
lord of Serpa
Hugh IV
duke of Burgundy
Guigues VII
count of Viennois
king of Portugal
lord of Portalegre
(illeg.) Martim Afonso Chichorro I
count of Never
count of Charolais
Robert II
duke of Burgundy
Afonso IV
king of Portugal
(illeg.) Pedro Afonso
count of Barcelos
(illeg.) Afonso Sanches
lord of Albuquerque
lord of Leiria
Martim Afonso Chichorro II
Hugh V
duke of Burgundy
Odo IV
duke of Burgundy
Odo IV
duke of Burgundy
Peter I
king of Portugal
João Afonso
lord of Albuquerque
Philip I
count of Auvergne
Ferdinand I
king of Portugl
(illeg.) John I
duke of Valencia de Campos
(illeg.) Denis
lord of Cifuentes
(illeg.) John I
king of Portugal
Philip I
duke of Burgundy
lord of Eça

Coats of Arms of Titles[edit]

Coat of Arms Title Time Held
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1248-1385).png
King of Portugal 1139–1383
Royal Arms of Algarves.svg
King of the Algarve 1139–1383
Dammartin arms.svg
Count of Boulogne[2] 1216–1260

See also[edit]


  1. ^ António Henrique R. de Oliveira Marques, History of Portugal: From Lusitania to Empire, (Columbia University Press, 1972), 43.
  2. ^ The title Count of Boulogne was held by King Afonso III of Portugal, by marriage to Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne, from 1216 to 1260.

External links[edit]

Portuguese House of Burgundy
Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
New title
Founding of Kingdom
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1248-1385).png
Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal

1139 – 1383
Succeeded by
Portuguese Interregnum
Eventually House of Aviz