President of Bolivia

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President of the
Plurinational State of Bolivia
Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg
Coat of arms of Bolivia
Evo Morales 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Evo Morales

since January 22, 2006
ResidencePalacio Quemado
AppointerDirect popular election
Term lengthFive years
Renewable indefinitely
Inaugural holderSimón Bolívar
FormationAugust 6, 1825
DeputyVice President of Bolivia
Websitewww.presidencia.gob.bo
Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bolivia
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia portal

The President of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente de Bolivia) officially known as the President of the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Presidente del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is head of state and head of government of Bolivia. According to the current Constitution, the president is elected by popular vote to a five-year term, renewable once.[1] In 2016, in a referendum the country voted to maintain term limits.[2] Since 2009, if no candidate wins a majority, the top two candidates advance to a runoff election. Prior to 2009, if no candidate won half the popular vote, the president was chosen by a vote in a joint legislative session from among the top two candidates (prior to 1995, the top three candidates were eligible).

The current President of Bolivia is Evo Morales, since 22 January 2006. He was elected in 2005, and reelected in 2009 and again in 2014. On 17 October 2015, Morales surpassed Andrés de Santa Cruz's nine years, eight months, and twenty-four days in office to become the president with the longest unbroken term in office.[3] Morales surpassed Víctor Paz Estenssoro, who previously served as the longest-serving president with just over 12 years in office, but these terms were nonconsecutive.

History[edit]

During its more than 192 years of independence, Bolivia has been ruled by the military leaders who fought for independence, the leaders of the War of the Pacific, representatives of the aristocracy, and democratically elected leaders. Also, the history of the presidency has involved civil wars, more than 190 coups and violence.

Different titles have been used, such as "Liberator of Bolivia" (used by Simón Bolívar and Antonio José de Sucre), and "Supreme Protector" (by Andrés de Santa Cruz).

The following table contains a list of the individuals who have served as President of Bolivia.

List of Presidents of Bolivia[edit]

No. Picture Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Party Title(s)
1 SIMÓN BOLÍVAR PALACIOS.jpg Simón Bolívar
(1783–1830)
11 August 1825 29 December 1825 Independent Liberator of Bolivia
2 Gran marical de ayacucho.jpg Antonio José de Sucre
(1795–1830)
29 December 1825 18 April 1828 Independent Liberator of Bolivia (29 December 1825 – 19 June 1826)
President (19 June 1826 – 18 April 1828)
3 Jose maria perez de urdinena.jpg José María Pérez de Urdininea
(1784–1865)
18 April 1828 2 August 1828 Independent President
4 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
2 August 1828 18 December 1828 Independent Acting President
5 Pedro Blanco Soto.jpg Pedro Blanco Soto
(1795–1829)
18 December 1828 1 January 1829 Independent Provisional President
4 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
1 January 1829 24 May 1829 Independent Acting President
6 Andréssantacruz2.jpg Andrés de Santa Cruz
(1792–1865)
24 May 1829 20 February 1839 Independent Provisional President (29 May 1829 – 15 August 1831)
President (15 August 1831 – 20 February 1839)
Supreme Protector of the Peru–Bolivian Confederation (28 October 1836 – 20 February 1839)
4 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
20 February 1839 10 June 1841 Independent Provisional Supreme Chief (20 February 1839 – 16 June 1839)
Provisional President (16 June 1839 – 15 August 1840)
President (15 August 1840 – 10 June 1841)
7 Sebastián Ágreda - bolivianischer Präsident.jpg Sebastián Ágreda
(1795–1875)
10 June 1841 9 July 1841 Independent Provisional Chief
8 Mariano Calvo.jpg Mariano Calvo
(1782–1842)
9 July 1841 22 September 1841 Independent Acting President
9 José Ballivián.jpg José Ballivián
(1805–1852)
22 September 1841 23 December 1847 Independent Provisional President (22 September 1841 – 15 August 1844)
President (15 August 1844 – 23 December 1847)
10 Eusebio Guilarte Vera - bolivianischer Präsident.jpg Eusebio Guilarte Vera
(1805–1849)
23 December 1847 2 January 1848 Independent Interim President
4 José Miguel de Velasco Franco.jpg José Miguel de Velasco Franco
(1795–1859)
18 January 1848 6 December 1848 Independent Provisional President
11 ManuelIsidoroBelzu.jpg Manuel Isidoro Belzu
(1808–1865)
6 December 1848 15 August 1855 Independent Provisional President (6 December 1848 – 15 August 1850)
President (15 August 1850 – 15 August 1855)
12 Jorge-cordova.jpg Jorge Córdova
(1822–1861)
15 August 1855 21 October 1857 Independent President
13 José María Linares.jpg José María Linares
(1808–1861)
21 October 1857 14 January 1861 Independent Provisional President (21 October 1857 – 1858)
Dictator for Life (1858 – 14 January 1861)
14 JoseMariaAcha.jpg José María de Achá
(1810–1868)
14 Jan. 1861 28 December 1864 Independent Junta leader (14 Jan. 1861 – 4 May 1861)
Provisional President (4 May 1861 – 15 August 1862)
President (15 August 1862 – 28 December 1864)
15 MarianoMelgarejo.jpg Mariano Melgarejo
(1820–1871)
28 December 1864 15 January 1871 Independent Provisional President (28 December 1864 – 15 August 1870)
President (15 August 1870 – 15 January 1871)
16 AGUST N MORALES HERN NDEZ.jpg Agustín Morales
(1808–1872)
15 January 1871 27 November 1872 Independent Supreme Chief of the Revolution (15 January 1871 – 21 January 1871)
Provisional President (21 January 1871 – 25 August 1872)
President (25 August 1872 – 27 November 1872)
17 TOMÁS FRÍAS AMETLLER.jpg Tomás Frías Ametller
(1804–1884)
28 November 1872 9 May 1873 Independent President
18 ADOLFO BALLIVI N COLL.jpg Adolfo Ballivián
(1831–1874)
9 May 1873 14 February 1874 Independent President
17 TOMÁS FRÍAS AMETLLER.jpg Tomás Frías Ametller
(1804–1884)
14 February 1874 4 May 1876 Independent President
19 HILARIÓN DAZA GROSELLE.jpg Hilarión Daza
(1840–1894)
4 May 1876 17 April 1879 Independent President
20 Pedro José Domingo de Guerra, en un retrato al daguerrotipo de 1848.jpg Pedro José Domingo de Guerra
(1809–1879)
17 April 1879 10 September 1879 Independent President
21 NARCISO CAMPERO LEYES.jpg Narciso Campero
(1813–1896)
19 January 1880 3 September 1884 Conservative Party President
22 GREGORIO PACHECO LEYES.jpg Gregorio Pacheco
(1823–1899)
3 September 1884 15 August 1888 Democratic Party President
23 Aniceto Arce.jpg Aniceto Arce
(1824–1906)
15 August 1888 11 August 1892 Conservative Party President
24 Mariano Baptista Caserta.jpg Mariano Baptista
(1832–1907)
11 August 1892 19 August 1896 Conservative Party President
25 SEVERO FERNÁNDEZ ALONSO CABALLERO.jpg Severo Fernández
(1849–1925)
19 August 1896 12 April 1899 Conservative Party President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Government Junta 12 April 1899 25 October 1899 Members:
José Manuel Pando
Serapio Reyes Ortiz
Macario Pinilla Vargas
26 J M PANDO.jpg José Manuel Pando
(1849–1917)
25 October 1899 14 August 1904 Liberal Party President
27 Ismael Montes 1914.jpg Ismael Montes
(1861–1933)
14 August 1904 12 October 1909 Liberal Party President
28 Eliodoro Villazón.jpg Eliodoro Villazón
(1848–1939)
12 October 1909 14 October 1913 Liberal Party President
27 Ismael Montes 1914.jpg Ismael Montes
(1861–1933)
14 October 1913 15 October 1917 Liberal Party President
29 Jose Gutierrez Guerra.jpg José Gutiérrez Guerra
(1869–1929)
15 October 1917 12 July 1920 Liberal Party President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Government Junta 13 July 1920 28 January 1921 Socialist Republican Party President
30 SAAVEDRA B.jpg Bautista Saavedra
(1870–1939)
28 January 1921 3 September 1925 Socialist Republican Party President
31 Felipe segundo guzman.jpg Felipe S. Guzmán
(1879–1932)
3 September 1925 10 January 1926 Socialist Republican Party Provisional President
32 Hernando siles reyes.jpg Hernando Siles Reyes
(1882–1942)
10 January 1926 28 May 1930 Nationalist Party President
- Military Junta 28 May 1930 5 March 1931 Military
33 Daniel Salamanca Urey.jpg Daniel Salamanca Urey
(1869–1935)
5 March 1931 27 November 1934 Genuine Republican Party President
34 Tejada s-6d1d4-ea69a-33ed0.jpg José Luis Tejada Sorzano
(1882–1938)
28 November 1934 17 May 1936 Liberal Party President
35 Busch german.jpg Germán Busch
(1904–1939)
17 May 1936 20 May 1936 Military Chairman of the Government Junta
36 DAVID TORO RUILOVA.jpg David Toro
(1898–1977)
20 May 1936 13 July 1937 Military Chairman of the Government Junta
35 Busch german.jpg Germán Busch
(1904–1939)
13 July 1937 23 August 1939 Military Chairman of the Government Junta (13 July 1937 – 28 May 1938)
President (28 May 1938 – 23 August 1939)
36 CARLOS QUINTANILLA QUIROGA.jpg Carlos Quintanilla
(1888–1964)
23 August 1939 15 April 1940 Military Provisional President
37 Penaranda.jpg Enrique Peñaranda
(1892–1969)
15 April 1940 20 December 1943 Concordance President
38 Gualberto Villarroel.jpg Gualberto Villarroel
(1908–1946)
20 December 1943 21 July 1946 Military Chairman of the Government Junta (20 December 1943 – 5 April 1944)
Provisional President (5 April 1944 – 6 August 1944)
President (6 August 1944 – 21 July 1946)
39 Nestor guillen olmos.jpg Néstor Guillén
(1890–1966)
21 July 1946 15 August 1946 Independent Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
40 Tomas monje gutierrez 1.jpg Tomás Monje
(1884–1954)
15 August 1946 10 March 1947 Independent Chairman of the Provisional Government Junta
41 Enr herz.jpg Enrique Hertzog
(1896–1980)
10 March 1947 22 October 1949 Republican Socialist Unity Party President
42 Mamer-urriol.jpg Mamerto Urriolagoitía
(1895–1974)
22 October 1949 16 May 1951 Republican Socialist Unity Party Acting President (22 October 1949 – 24 October 1949)
President (24 October 1949 – 16 May 1951)
43 Hugo Ballivian Rojas.jpg Hugo Ballivián
(1901–1993)


16 May 1951 11 April 1952 Military Chairman of the Military Junta

Members:
Antonió Seleme Vargas
Humberto Torres Ortiz

44 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo
(1914–1996)
11 April 1952 16 April 1952 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement Provisional President
45 Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
16 April 1952 6 August 1956 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President
44 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo
(1914–1996)
6 August 1956 6 August 1960 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President
45 Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
6 August 1960 4 November 1964 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President
46 Rene barrientos.jpg René Barrientos
(1919–1969)
5 November 1964 26 May 1965 Military Chairman of the Military Junta
26 May 1965 2 January 1966 Military Co-Chairmen of the Military Junta
Alfredo Ovando.jpg Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)
47 2 January 1966 6 August 1966 Military Chairman of the Military Junta
46 Rene barrientos.jpg René Barrientos
(1919–1969)
6 August 1966 27 April 1969 Popular Christian Movement President
48 Siles Salinas.jpg Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas
(1925–2005)
27 April 1969 26 September 1969 Social Democratic Party President
47 Alfredo Ovando.jpg Alfredo Ovando Candía
(1918–1982)
26 September 1969 6 October 1970 Military President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1970


6 October 1970 7 October 1970 Military Members:
Efraín Guachalla Ibáñez
Fernando Sattori Ribera
Alberto Albarracín Crespo
49 Juan José Torres.JPG Juan José Torres
(1920–1976)
7 October 1970 21 August 1971 Military President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1971


21 August 1971 22 August 1971 Military Members:
Andrés Selich Chop (1916–2001)

Jaime Florentino Mendieta Vargas (1926–2000)

50 Hugo Banzer Suarez, General, Presidente da Bolívia..tif Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002)
22 August 1971 21 July 1978 Military President
51 Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Víctor González Fuentes 21 July 1978 21 July 1978 Military Chairman of the Military Junta
52 Juan Pereda Asbún.jpg Juan Pereda
(1931–2012)
21 July 1978 3 November 1978 Military President
53 David Padilla Arancibia.jpg David Padilla
(1927–2016)
3 November 1978 8 August 1979 Military Chairman of the Military Junta
54 WÁLTER GUEVARA ARZE.jpg Wálter Guevara
(1912–1996)
8 August 1979 1 November 1979 Authentic Revolutionary Party Acting President
55 Alberto Natusch Bush.jpg Alberto Natusch
(1933–1994)
1 November 1979 16 November 1979 Military President
56 Lidia Gueiler Tejada.png Lidia Gueiler Tejada
(1921–2011)
16 November 1979 17 July 1980 Revolutionary Left Front Acting President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1980

Luis García Meza Tejada .

Waldo Bernal Pereira .

Ramiro Terrazas Rodríguez

17 July 1980 18 July 1980 Military Members:
57 Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Luis García Meza
(1929–2018)
18 July 1980 4 August 1981 Military President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1981 Waldo Bernal Pereira Óscar Jaime Pammo 4 August 1981 4 September 1981 Military Members:
58 Celso Torrelio Villa.jpg Celso Torrelio
(1933–1999)
4 September 1981 19 July 1982 Military President
- Escudo-de-Bolivia.gif Junta of Commanders of the Armed Forces 1982


19 July 1982 21 July 1982 Military Members: Natalio Morales Mosquera .

Óscar Jaime Pammo . Ángel Mariscal Gómez

59 Guido Vildoso.jpg Guido Vildoso
(1937–)
21 July 1982 10 October 1982 Military President
45 Hernán Siles Zuazo.jpg Hernán Siles Zuazo
(1914–1996)
10 October 1982 6 August 1985 Democratic and Popular Union President
46 Victor Paz Estenssoro 1958.jpg Víctor Paz Estenssoro
(1907–2001)
6 August 1985 6 August 1989 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President
60 Jaime Paz Zamora.jpg Jaime Paz Zamora
(1939–)
6 August 1989 6 August 1993 Revolutionary Left Movement President
61 Gonzálo Sánchez de Lozada-Agencia BrasilAntonio Cruz.jpg Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
(1930–)
6 August 1993 6 August 1997 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President
50 Hugo Banzer.jpg Hugo Banzer
(1926–2002)
6 August 1997 7 August 2001 Nationalist Democratic Action President
62 Jorge Quiroga-1.jpg Jorge Quiroga
(1960–)
7 August 2001 6 August 2002 Nationalist Democratic Action President
61 Gonzálo Sánchez de Lozada-Agencia BrasilAntonio Cruz.jpg Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada
(1930–)
6 August 2002 17 October 2003 Revolutionary Nationalist Movement President
63 Carlos Mesa.jpg Carlos Mesa
(1953–)
17 October 2003 9 March 2005 Independent President
64 R veltze presidente.jpg Eduardo Rodríguez
(1956–)
9 March 2005 22 January 2006 Independent President
65 Evo Morales 2011.jpg Evo Morales
(1959–)
22 January 2006 Incumbent Movement for Socialism President

Timeline[edit]

Evo MoralesEduardo RodríguezCarlos MesaJorge QuirogaGonzalo Sánchez de LozadaJaime Paz ZamoraGuido VildosoÁngel Mariscal GómezNatalio Morales MosqueraÓscar Jaime PammoCelso TorrelioRamiro Terrazas RodríguezWaldo Bernal PereiraLuis García Meza TejadaLidiaGueiler TejadaAlberto NatuschWálter GuevaraDavid PadillaJuan PeredaVictor González FuentesJaime Florentino Mendieta VargasHugo BanzerAndrés Selich ChopJuan José TorresAlberto Albarracín CrespoFernando Sattori RiberaEfraín Guachalla IbáñezLuis Adolfo Siles SalinasAlfredo Ovando CandíaRené BarrientosVíctor Paz EstenssoroHernán Siles ZuazoHugo BalliviánMamerto UrriolagoitíaEnrique HertzogTomás MonjeNéstor GuillénGualberto VillarroelEnrique PeñarandaCarlos QuintanillaGermán BuschJosé Luis Tejada SorzanoDaniel Salamanca UreyCarlos Blanco GalindoEzequiel Romecín CalderónCarlos BanzerFidel VegaJosé Aguirre AcháDavid ToroFranklin MercadoGermán Antelo ArauzAlberto Díez de MedinaHernando Siles ReyesFelipe S. GuzmánJosé Manuel RamirezJosé Maria EscalierBautista SaavedraJosé Gutiérrez GuerraEliodoro VillazónIsmael MontesMacario Pinilla VargasSerapio Reyes OrtizJosé Manuel PandoSevero FérnandezMariano BaptistaAniceto ArceGregorioP achecoNarciso CamperoPedro José Domingo de GuerraHilarión DazaAdolfo BalliviánTomás Frias AmetllerAgustín MoralesMariano MelgarejoManuel António SanchezJosé Maria AcháRuperto FernándezJosé Maria LinaresJorge CórdovaManuel Isidoro BelzuEusebio Guilarte VeraJosé BalliviánMariano CalvoSebastián ÁgredaAndrés de Santa CruzPedro Blanco SotoJosé Miguel de Velasco FrancoJosé María Pérez de UrdinineaAntonio José de SucreSimón Bolivar

Historical reputation[edit]

In 1983, a poll was taken by the newspaper Última Hora to determine which seven historical presidents were regarded as most significant. The "winners" were Antonio José de Sucre, Andrés de Santa Cruz, Manuel Isidoro Belzu, Mariano Melgarejo, Aniceto Arce, Ismael Montes, and Víctor Paz Estenssoro.

Latest election[edit]

Party Presidential candidate Votes % Seats
Chamber Senate
Seats +/– Seats +/–
Movement for Socialism Evo Morales 3,173,304 61.36 88 0 25 –1
Democrat Unity Samuel Doria Medina 1,253,288 24.23 32 9
Christian Democratic Party Jorge Quiroga 467,311 9.04 10 2
Movement without Fear Juan del Granado 140,285 2.71 0 –4 0
Green Party of Bolivia Fernando Vargas 137,240 2.65 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 316,248
Total 5,487,676 100 130 0 36 0
Registered voters/turnout 5,971,152 91.90
Source: TSE

Presidential succession[edit]

In the event of the death or permanent incapacity of the President, the Vice President of Bolivia would assume the office. The President of the Senate and the President of the Chamber of Deputies are third and fourth in the line of succession. In the 2005 political crisis, with all of these positions exhausted, Eduardo Rodríguez Veltzé, the Chief Justice of the Bolivian Supreme Court, assumed the presidency. Under the 2009 Constitution, however, the assumption of power by the President of the Chamber of Deputies automatically precipitates an election within 90 days.[4]

Acting President[edit]

In the case of temporary incapacity or absence from the country, the title of Acting President (Spanish: Presidente en ejercicio) is transferred to lower officials according to the order of presidential succession. In September 2012, Senate President Gabriela Montaño became the first woman to assume this office since the presidency of Lidia Gueiler Tejada.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  2. ^ Casey, Nicholas (24 February 2016). "Bolivian President Concedes Defeat in Term-Limit Referendum". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  3. ^ Quiroga T., José Antonio (11 October 2015). "Andrés de Santa Cruz y Evo Morales". Página Siete. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Artículo 169: En caso de impedimento o ausencia definitiva de la Presidenta o del Presidente del Estado, será reemplazada o reemplazado en el cargo por la Vicepresidenta o el Vicepresidente y, a falta de ésta o éste, por la Presidenta o el Presidente del Senado, y a falta de ésta o éste por la Presidente o el Presidente de la Cámara de Diputados. En este último caso, se convocarán nuevas elecciones en el plazo máximo de noventa días." "Segunda Parte, Título II, Capítulo Primero". Nueva Constitución Política del Estado (PDF). pp. 36–37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. ^ Corz, Carlos (23 September 2012). "Montaño asume la Presidencia interina de Bolivia, Evo va a la ONU y hablará del mar". La Razón. Retrieved 24 September 2012.

External links[edit]