Prudential, Warsaw

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Prudential
Prudentiallipiec.jpg
Prudential building during renovation (2017)
General information
Architectural styleArt Deco
Town or cityWarsaw
CountryPoland
Construction started1931
Completed1933
ClientPrudential plc
Height66 m (217 ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectMarcin Weinfeld, Stefan Bryła, Wenczesław Poniż

Prudential is a notable skyscraper in Warsaw, Poland. Built between 1931 and 1933 in the Art Deco style, it served as a base for the British Prudential Insurance Company. It is located on Warsaw Uprising Square along Świętokrzyska Street.

History[edit]

At the time of construction it was the third tallest European skyscraper (after Telefónica Building and Boerentoren) with eighteen stories (66 m). Built using a steel framework it was the tallest building in Warsaw until the Palace of Culture and Science was constructed. The building, designed by Marcin Weinfeld, included office space on lower stories and luxurious apartments further up. The steel framework, innovative at the time, was designed by Stefan Bryła and Wenczesław Poniż. Construction started in 1931 and used up over 2 million bricks, 2 thousand tonnes of concrete and 1500 tonnes of steel.

In 1936 a large antenna was constructed on the roof by professor Janusz Groszkowski, who started the first television broadcasts in Europe from that facility. The Prudential building soon became a symbol of modern Warsaw and was featured in numerous contemporary films and advertisements.

World War II: 28 August 1944, an iconic photo which captured the moment when the building was hit by a 2-ton mortar artillery shell during the Warsaw Uprising

The Prudential was heavily damaged during World War II, particularly during the Warsaw Uprising when it was hit by approximately 1,000 artillery shells, including a single hit by 2-tonne Karl-Gerät mortar shell, leaving only the steel framework. The artillery damage bent the construction sideways, but it survived the war and was featured on numerous anti-war posters.[1]

The building was rebuilt after the war as a hotel, and its style was changed from early modern to socialist realism. The author of the new design was again Marcin Weinfeld, who adapted the building to its new role as a hotel. The "Hotel Warszawa" was opened in 1954 and included 375 rooms, a large restaurant, a café and a night club.[2]

In 2002 the hotel closed and the building sold. In 2010, it was purchased by the Likus Group, which began a slow and controversial refurbishment. The façade was returned to its pre-war art deco form, while the socialist-realist interior was completely refurbished in a contemporary style.

In November 2018, the building re-opened as a 142-room luxury five-star Hotel Warszawa.[3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°14′8″N 21°0′46″E / 52.23556°N 21.01278°E / 52.23556; 21.01278

References[edit]

  1. ^ "One Photo One Story: The Skyscraper that Became the Symbol of the Warsaw Uprising". Retrieved 2019-05-29.
  2. ^ "Prudential, historia jednego budynku". Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  3. ^ "Capital's historic Prudential tower, embodying everything glamorous about interwar Poland, reopens as luxury hotel". Retrieved 2019-05-30.