|Regions with significant populations|
The Pulayar (also Pulaya, Pulayas, Cherumar, Cheramar and Cheraman) are an untouchable caste in Hinduism, forming one of the main social groups in modern-day Kerala and Karnataka as well as in historical Tamil Nadu or Tamilakam.
Pulayars are noted for their music, craftsmanship, and for certain dances which include Kōlam-thullal, a mask dance which is part of their exorcism rituals, as well as the Mudi-āttam or hair-dance which has its origins in a fertility ritual.
According to the 2011 Census, the Pulayan population in Kerala was 1,338,008. They were the largest Dalit group in the state.
- Ayyankali (1863 - 1941), social reformer
- K. P. Vallon (1894 - 1940), social reformer
- Pampady John Joseph (1887-1940 ), social reformer
Arts of Pulayar caste:
- Moffatt, Michael (2015). An Untouchable Community in South India: Structure and Consensus. Princeton University Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-40087-036-3.
- "PRIMAL ELEMENTS:THE ORAL TRADITION".
"Early Evidence for Caste in South India, p. 467-492 in Dimensions of Social Life: Essays in honor of David G. Mandelbaum, Edited by Paul Hockings and Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, New York, Amsterdam, 1987". Cite journal requires
- "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2019-08-31.