Pune Municipal Corporation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Pune Munincipal Corporation

Puṇe Mahānagarpālikā (Marathi)
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded15 February 1950[1]
Preceded byPune Municipal Council (1857-1950)[2]
Leadership
Mayor
Mukta Tilak (BJP)[5][6]
Deputy Mayor[7]
Siddharth Dhende
(RPI (A))[7]
Structure
Seats162
Pune Municipal Corporation Nov 2017.svg
Political groups
Committees
  • Standing Committee
  • Ward Committees (15)
  • Law Committee
  • City Development Committee
  • Women and Child Welfare Committee
  • Sports Committee
Elections
First-past-the-post voting
First election
1952[8]
Last election
21 February 2017[9]
Next election
February 2022 (expected)
Motto
"वरं जनहितं ध्येयम" (Sanskrit)
Varam janahitam dhyeyama (IAST)
"For welfare of the public"
Meeting place
PMC Building.jpg
PMC Building, Shivajinagar, Pune
Website
Pune Municipal Corporation

The Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC, Marathi (IAST): पुणे महानगरपालिका, Puṇe Mahānagarpālikā) is the civic body that governs Pune Central, the second largest city of Maharashtra. It is in charge of the civic needs and infrastructure of the metropolis, which is spread over an area of 331.26 sq. km. and has 3.4 million residents.[10][11][12] Established on 15 February 1950,[13] the executive power of the PMC is vested in the Municipal Commissioner, an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the Government of Maharashtra. The position is held by Saurabh Rao since April 2018.[4][3] The general body of the PMC consists of 162 directly elected councilors, popularly known as "corporators", headed by a mayor.[14] Mukta Tilak (BJP) was elected as the mayor and Navanth Kamble (RPI (A)) as the deputy mayor by the newly elected general body in March 2017. Tilak is the first member of the BJP to hold the position.[15] Following Kamble's demise while in office,[16] Siddharth Dhende of the RPI (A) was elected as the deputy mayor in June 2017.[7] The land for Pune Municipal Corporation was donated by Bhausaheb Shirole who was second Mayor of Pune city and later became an MLC.

Jurisdiction[edit]

The city comes under the Pune City taluka of Pune District, Maharashtra. The Collector is in charge of property records and revenue collection for the Central government. Appointed by the State government, the Collector also function as the election officer and conducts general as well as state elections in the city.[17] The Pune City Police is the law enforcement agency in the city and answers to the Ministry of Home Affairs of the GoM. It is headed by a Police Commissioner, an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer.

In July 2017, eleven villages surrounding the city were merged in PMC bringing an additional area of 80.7 sq. km. and a population of 278,000 under the civic body's jurisdiction. PMC now governs a total area of 331.26 sq. km.[10][11] The merged villages include: Uruli Devachi, Phursungi, Bavdhan Budruk, Lohegaon (remaining), Hadapsar (Sadesatra Nali), Mundhwa (Keshavnagar area), Shivane (remaining), Dhayari (remaining), Undri, Ambegaon Khurda and Ambegaon Budruk. This merger was preceded by the merger of 23 villages in 1997.[18][19]

To serve citizens better, PMC has taken initiative for e-Governance. Presently a few big corporations like Persistent Systems are lending help for developing the E-governance system, as a part of their social service initiative[citation needed]. A public-private partnership is perceived to bring tremendous changes in the future[citation needed].

Administration[edit]

The major responsibility of PMC is to look after the civic and infrastructural needs of the citizens. The administration consists of two major branches: the executive branch headed by the Municipal Commissioner and the deliberative branch headed by the Mayor.[20][21]

Executive Branch[edit]

The executive branch is headed by the Municipal Commissioner appointed by the State government from the Indian Administrative Service for a term not exceeding three years according to Section 36 of the Maharashtra Municipal Corporation Act, 1949.[22] Additional Municipal Commissioner(s) assist the Municipal Commissioner in the administration of the departments deputed to them. As of April 2018, there are three Additional Commissioners supervising the general, special and estate administration of the city. Each of these categories consist of several departments.[20] The Municipal Commissioner also serves on the boards of directors of the two public transport companies, PMPML and MahaMetro.[23][24][25]

Administrative Zones[edit]

For the convenience of administration, the city is divided into five zones each headed by a Deputy Municipal Commissioner. Each zone consists of three ward offices (Marathi: क्षेत्रिय कार्यालय, IAST: Kṣhetriya Kāryālay) overseen by an Assistant Municipal Commissioner.[26][27] A ward office typically has jurisdiction over more than one election ward. Ward offices not only coordinate major civic projects in their respective areas but also deal with minor works such as maintenance and repair. Residents can avail municipal services at their local ward office eliminating the need to visit the PMC headquarters.[28]

Deliberative Branch[edit]

The deliberative branch is the elected branch of the PMC headed by the Mayor.[20][21] The city is divided into 41 multi-member wards (Marathi: प्रभाग, IAST: Prabhāg), 39 of which are represented by four corporators each while two are represented by three corporators each.[29] Thus, the general body of the PMC consists of 162 corporators. They are elected for a five year term by adult franchise in municipal elections. All major political parties active in the state contest the elections.

The corporators elect the Mayor, a ceremonial position with limited duties who acts as an ambassador and representative of the city, as well as a Deputy Mayor. The corporators approve the city budget and act as watchdogs on implementation of policy by the staff under the Municipal Commissioner.[21]

Committees[edit]

The corporators form several committees which deliberate on various issues. At present, PMC has the following subject committees: Law, City Development, Women and Child Welfare, and Sports.[20] The Standing Committee is the perhaps the most important committee of the PMC formed according to Section 20 of Maharashtra Municipal Corporation Act, 1949.[22] It consists of 16 members headed by a President appointed at the first meeting of the newly elected Corporation, half of whom retire every succeeding year. A new President is also appointed every year. The Standing Committee along with 15 ward committees are together responsible for financial approvals.[20]

City Officials
Title Incumbent Since Appointed/Elected
Municipal Commissioner Saurabh Rao[4][3] April 2018 Appointed by the GoM
Commissioner of Police Dr K Venkatesham[30][31] August 2018
Mayor Mukta Tilak (BJP)[15] March 2017 Elected
Deputy Mayor Siddharth Dhende (RPI (A))[7] June 2017
Leader of the House Shrinath Bhimale (BJP)[32] March 2017
President of the Standing Committee Yogesh Mulik (BJP)[33] March 2018

Municipal Elections[edit]

Municipal Election Summary
S.No. Party name Party flag or symbol Coalition Number of Corporators
2012[34] 2017[35][36]
1 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) NDA 26 97*
2 Shiv Sena
Indian Election Symbol Bow And Arrow.png
NDA 15 10
3 Republican Party of India (Athavale)

(RPI (A))

Flag of various Republican Parties of India.svg
NDA 2 *Ran as BJP/RPI (2 seats)
2 Nationalist Congress Party (NCP)
NCP-flag.svg
UPA

(Until 2014)[37]

51 39
4 Indian National Congress (Congress)
Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg
UPA 28 09
6 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS)
Flag of Maharashtra Navnirman Sena.svg
- 29 02
7 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM)
Indian Election Symbol Kite.png
- Did not contest[38] 01
8 Independents
No flag.svg
- 01 04
Total 152 162

Elections 2017[edit]

Municipal Elections were held on 21 February 2017 to elect a total of 162 councillors in 41 wards.[29][35] The BJP won an absolute majority in the 2017 elections, marking the first time the city got a mayor from the party.[35] Mukta Tilak (BJP) was elected as the mayor and Navanth Kamble (RPI (A)) as the deputy mayor by the newly elected general body in March 2017. Tilak is the first member of the BJP to hold the position.[15] Following Kamble's demise while in office,[16] Siddharth Dhende of the RPI (A) was elected as the deputy mayor in June 2017.[7]

Bypolls[edit]

The demise of the Deputy Mayor Navnath Kamble (RPI (A)) in May 2017 necessitated by-elections in the Koregaon Park-Ghorpadi ward. The RPI (A) retained the seat with Himali Kamble elected as the new councillor.[39][40] Another round of bypolls was held on 4 April 2018 following the death of ex-mayor Chanchala Kodre NCP , who was elected in 2017 from the Mundhwa-Magarpatta ward. NCP retained the seat and Puja Kodre was elected as the new councillor.[41]

Elections 2012[edit]

Municipal elections were held on 16 February 2012 to elect a total of 152 councillors in 76 wards (2 per ward).[42][43] Vaishali Bankar (NCP) and Deepak Mankar (Congress) were elected as the Mayor and Deputy Mayor respectively.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Political Information, Politics and Administration of Pune, Administration of Pune". 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  2. ^ "68 years of Pune Municipal Corporation: Civic history with a legacy of game-changing schemes". HindustanTimes. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Saurabh Rao to take over as civic chief todaySaurabh Rao is new civic commissioner - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Saurabh Rao appointed PMC chief, Naval Kishore Ram is new Pune district collector". The Indian Express. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Mukta Tilak, MBA, is Pune's first BJP mayor". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Bal Gangadhar Tilak descendant, Mukta Tilak files nomination for Mayor post". The Financial Express (India). Retrieved 8 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Siddarth Dhende is new deputy mayor of Pune Municipal Corporation". The Indian Express. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  8. ^ "History teaches PMC town planning lessons while expanding geography - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  9. ^ "PMC Election Results 2017 highlights: BJP falls short of majority, wins 77 wards". The Indian Express. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  10. ^ a b "11 newly merged villages in PMC rife with illegal constructions - Pune Mirror -". Pune Mirror. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  11. ^ a b "State approves merger of 11 villages, Pune adds 81sqkm [sic] - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Pune City Census Department". Official website of the PMC.
  13. ^ "68 years of Pune Municipal Corporation: Civic history with a legacy of game-changing schemes". Hindustan Times. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  14. ^ PMC Archived 14 July 2012 at Archive.today
  15. ^ a b c Banerjee, Shoumojit (16 March 2017). "Mukta Tilak, MBA, is Pune's first BJP mayor". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  16. ^ a b Banerjee, Shoumojit (17 May 2017). "Pune Deputy Mayor Navnath Kamble dies after massive heart attack". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  17. ^ Arora, Ramesh K. (2011). Indian Public Administration: Institutions and Issues. New Age. ISBN 978-8122434460.
  18. ^ "Expanding Pune: How ready is PMC to uplift merged villages?". Hindustan Times. 20 January 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  19. ^ "11 villages under PMC's wings after HC order - Pune Mirror -". Pune Mirror. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d e "PMC Administrative Structure" (PDF). Official Website of Pune Municipal Corporation.
  21. ^ a b c Mukhopadhyay, A., 1999. Politics and Bureaucracy in Urban Governance: The Indian Experience. Mathur, India,pp.110[1]
  22. ^ a b "Maharashtra Municipal Corporation Act, 1949" (PDF). Official Website of the Pune Municipal Corporation.
  23. ^ "PMPML Board of Directors". PMPML.
  24. ^ "Maha Metro". mahametro.org. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  25. ^ "Five state representatives to join Maha-Metro soon - Pune Mirror -". Pune Mirror. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Administrative Zones and ward offices". Official Website of the Pune Municipal Corporation.
  27. ^ "Civic administration revises ward limits - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  28. ^ "Pune Municipal Corporation seeks to redraw boundaries of all ward offices". The Indian Express. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  29. ^ a b "Ward Organization 2016" (PDF). Official Website of Pune Municipal Corporation. 10 October 2016.
  30. ^ "Buddy Cops and citizen-friendly steps to continue, says new CP - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  31. ^ "RK Padmanabhan takes over as Pimpri-Chinchwad police commissioner". Hindustan Times. 31 July 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  32. ^ "Bhimale new leader of House in Pune civic body - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  33. ^ "BJP-nominated Yogesh Mulik becomes new standing committee chairman in PMC". 4 March 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  34. ^ "Pune results: Polls throw up hung house, NCP single largest party | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 17 February 2012. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  35. ^ a b c "BJP makes history, wins absolute majority in Pune". Hindustan Times. 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  36. ^ "PMC Winning Candidate List 2017" (PDF). Official website of PMC.
  37. ^ "NCP-Congress Alliance Splits in Maharashtra". Outlook India. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  38. ^ "AIMIM to contest Pune civic polls for the first time". Governance Now. 20 February 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  39. ^ Banerjee, Shoumojit (12 October 2017). "BJP coasts to victory in Pune, Kolhapur". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  40. ^ Desk, India.com News (12 October 2017). "Kolhapur, Pune By-election Results: BJP Wins Tarabai Park By-poll". India.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  41. ^ "NCP retains seat in Mundhwa civic bypoll - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  42. ^ "Public holiday today - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  43. ^ "Over 1,000 candidates in battle for 152 seats - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  44. ^ "Vaishali Bankar is Pune's 52nd mayor, Mankar deputy mayor | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 17 April 2018.

External links[edit]