Putnam County, West Virginia

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Putnam County, West Virginia
Putnam Courthouse WV.JPG
Map of West Virginia highlighting Putnam County
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
FoundedMarch 11, 1848
Named forIsrael Putnam
SeatWinfield
Largest cityHurricane
Area
 • Total350 sq mi (906 km2)
 • Land346 sq mi (896 km2)
 • Water4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 1.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)56,682
 • Density164/sq mi (63/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.putnamcounty.org

Putnam County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,486.[1] Its county seat is Winfield.[2]

Putnam County is part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, across the Kanawha River from Charleston, West Virginia.

History[edit]

The Virginia General Assembly formed Putnam County on March 11, 1848, from parts of Cabell, Kanawha and Mason counties. It was named for Israel Putnam, who was a hero in the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War. George Washington surveyed the area in 1770. Winfield, the county seat, had been founded in 1818 but was incorporated on February 21, 1868, and named to honor General Winfield Scott a General during the Mexican American War and early stage of the American Civil War.[3]

Slavery was a divisive issue in Putnam County before and during the American Civil War. In the Virginia Secession Convention of 1861, Putnam County voters elected James W. Hoge to represent them, and he voted against secession on April 17, 1861, when the convention passed the secession ordinance. He returned to Richmond for the second session in June however and signed the ordinance.[4] No one from Putnam county attended the Wheeling Convention which ultimately led to the creation of the state of West Virginia in 1863. Congressman Albert G. Jenkins resigned from the U.S. Congress, raised a group of partisan rangers to fight for the Confederacy, and was promoted to Brigadier General before his death in 1864 as a result of a battlefield wound. The Battle of Scary Creek on July 17, 1861 was a Confederate victory early in the war, but Confederate troops withdrew to Charleston. Another skirmish on October 24, 1864 began as Confederates seized and sank a Union steamboat on the Kanawha River near Winfield, but ended as a Union victory.[5] Putnam County's Civil War soldiers were about evenly split between Union and Confederate, approximately 400 to each side.[6]

A railroad was rebuilt through Putnam County in 1875.

Geography[edit]

The Kanawha River flows north-northwestward through the center of Putnam County. The county terrain consists of wooded hills, carved with drainages.[7] The terrain slopes to the north, with the highest point near its SW corner at 1,129' (344m) ASL.[8] The county has a total area of 350 square miles (910 km2), of which 346 square miles (900 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (1.3%) is water.[9]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18505,335
18606,30118.1%
18707,79423.7%
188011,37545.9%
189014,34226.1%
190017,33020.8%
191018,5877.3%
192017,531−5.7%
193016,737−4.5%
194019,51116.6%
195021,0217.7%
196023,56112.1%
197027,62517.2%
198038,18138.2%
199042,83512.2%
200051,58920.4%
201055,4867.6%
Est. 201856,682[10]2.2%
US Decennial Census[11]
1790–1960[12] 1900–1990[13]
1990–2000[14] 2010–2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 51,589 people, 20,028 households, and 15,281 families in the county. The population density was 149/sqmi (57.6/km²). There were 21,621 housing units at an average density of 62.5/sqmi (24.1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.97% White, 0.56% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.51% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 20,028 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.96.

The county population contained 25.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,892, and the median income for a family was $48,674. Males had a median income of $40,782 versus $23,532 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,471. About 7.10% of families and 9.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,486 people, 21,981 households, and 16,176 families in the county.[15] The population density was 160/sqmi (61.9/km²). There were 23,438 housing units at an average density of 67.7/sqmi (26.2/km²).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 13.2% were American, 12.9% were German, 11.3% were English, and 10.6% were Irish.[17]

Of the 21,981 households, 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.4% were non-families, and 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 40.9 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $52,618 and the median income for a family was $63,642. Males had a median income of $51,837 versus $31,198 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,857. About 8.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Politics[edit]

Putnam County voters have traditionally voted Republican. In only one national election since 1964 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.6% 17,788 23.3% 5,884 6.1% 1,539
2012 67.5% 16,032 30.5% 7,256 2.0% 472
2008 60.9% 15,162 37.5% 9,334 1.6% 391
2004 62.5% 15,716 37.0% 9,301 0.5% 134
2000 59.6% 12,173 38.6% 7,891 1.8% 362
1996 46.8% 8,803 42.7% 8,029 10.5% 1,977
1992 43.9% 7,653 39.1% 6,817 17.0% 2,958
1988 55.0% 8,163 44.7% 6,640 0.3% 38
1984 63.8% 9,238 35.9% 5,208 0.3% 46
1980 51.5% 7,561 43.6% 6,409 4.9% 716
1976 43.5% 6,334 56.5% 8,226
1972 63.4% 8,265 36.6% 4,771
1968 45.3% 5,252 43.2% 5,009 11.6% 1,340
1964 37.6% 4,165 62.4% 6,910
1960 53.4% 5,702 46.6% 4,968
1956 53.9% 5,560 46.1% 4,754
1952 50.7% 4,944 49.3% 4,802
1948 45.6% 3,722 54.2% 4,426 0.2% 16
1944 50.7% 4,025 49.3% 3,918
1940 46.6% 4,268 53.4% 4,888
1936 45.2% 3,938 54.5% 4,756 0.3% 26
1932 44.9% 3,411 54.0% 4,098 1.1% 81
1928 57.8% 3,346 41.5% 2,406 0.7% 41
1924 46.7% 2,862 48.1% 2,946 5.1% 315
1920 54.5% 3,223 43.6% 2,578 1.9% 114
1916 49.5% 1,925 47.2% 1,837 3.4% 131
1912 14.0% 531 40.6% 1,540 45.5% 1,727

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ http://www.wvgenweb.org/putnam/putnam_history.htm. Retrieved April 8, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ How Virginia Convention Delegates Voted on Secession, April 4 and April 17, 1861, and Whether They Signed a Copy of the Ordinance of Secession
  5. ^ https://www.wvgazettemail.com/news/putnam_county/confederate-troops-fought-died-to-take-winfield-years-ago-today/article_e9174676-25ff-5fee-89c4-c2ee34c47b64.html
  6. ^ Sullivan, Ken (ed.), The West Virginia Encyclopedia, The West Virginia Humanities Council,2006, pg. 592, ISBN 0-9778498-0-5
  7. ^ Putnam County WV Google Maps (accessed March 20, 2019)
  8. ^ "Find an Altitude/Putnam County WV" Google Maps (accessed 20 March 2019)
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  11. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau]]. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 28, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°31′N 81°55′W / 38.51°N 81.91°W / 38.51; -81.91