|Alternative names||Puto bombong|
|Place of origin||Philippines|
|Serving temperature||Room temperature, hot|
|Main ingredients||Pirurutong glutinous rice, white glutinous rice, muscovado, grated coconut, butter/margarine|
|Similar dishes||kue putu, putu bambu, puttu|
Puto bumbóng is made from a unique heirloom variety of glutinous rice called pirurutong (also called tapol in Visayan) which is deep purple to almost black in color. The pirurutong is mixed with a larger ratio of white glutinous rice (malagkit or malagkit sungsong in Tagalog; pilit in Visayan). Regular white rice may also be used instead of malagkit, to give the dish a less chewy consistency.
The rice grains are covered completely in water (traditionally salted water) and allowed to soak overnight. This gives it a slightly acidic fermented aftertaste. The mixture is then drained and packed densely into bamboo tubes and steamed. The sides of the bamboo tubes are traditionally greased with coconut oil, but in modern versions, butter or margarine are commonly used. The rice is traditionally cooked as whole grains, but some versions ground the rice before or after soaking.
In the majority-Catholic Philippines, puto bumbóng is commonly served as a snack during the Christmas season. It is usually associated with the nine-day traditional Simbang Gabi novena, where stalls serving snacks including puto bumbóng are set up outside churches.
Modern puto bumbóng may use metal cylinders or just regular steamers. These versions are commonly shaped into little balls or long narrow tubes (similar to suman). In some modern versions, pirurutong (which is endangered) is excluded altogether, and purple food coloring or even purple yam (ube) flour is used instead. However, these versions are frowned upon as being inauthentic.
In Indonesia, Malaysia, and other Maritime Southeast Asian countries, similar dishes are known as kue putu in Indonesian or putu bambu in Malay. They are usually green in color due to the use of pandan leaves for flavoring.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Puto bumbong.|
- "Bumbong". Tagalog Lang. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "Puto Bumbong". The Freeman. 53 (152): 18. 16 December 2017.
- Angelita M. del Mundo (1995). "Emerging Versions of Some Traditional Philippine Rice Food Products". In Harlan Walker (ed.). Disappearing Foods: Studies in Food and Dishes at Risk. Proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Food and Cookery 1994. Prospect Books. p. 64. ISBN 9780907325628.
- "Puto Bumbong a la Marketman". Market Manila. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "Puto Bumbong". Gastro Obscura. Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- Amy Besa & Romy Dorotan (2014). Memories of Philippine Kitchens. Abrams. ISBN 9781613128084.
- "How to Make Puto Bumbong (steamed glutinous rice)". Business Diary Philippines. 11 August 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "Puto Bumbong". Filipino Chow. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- Sastrillo, Berna. "The Search for the Best Puto Bumbong in Manila". ModernFilipina. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- Paguio, Renz Lyndon (2 December 2014). "Home-based business idea: How to make puto-bumbong". Entrepreneur Philippines. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- Comsti, Angelo (2 December 2014). "3 new delicious ways to enjoy Puto Bumbong". Coconuts Manila. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- Anggara Mahendra (13 June 2013). "'Kue Putu' Steamed Green Cake". Baily Daily. Archived from the original on 15 June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
- "BBC Indian Food Made Easy: Recipe for puttu", BBC, archived from the original on 2008-12-24, retrieved 2010-08-13