Mamón

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Mamón
Custard Mamon (Philippines).jpg
Custard mamón, with a leche flan base
Alternative namestorta, torta mamón, torta Visaya, torta Bisaya
CourseDessert
Place of originPhilippines
Main ingredientscake flour, sugar, baking powder, eggs, oil, butter, cream of tartar
Variationsmamón tostado, puto mamón, taisan, broas

Mamón are traditional Filipino chiffon or sponge cakes, typically baked in distinctive cupcake-like molds. In the Visayas regions, mamón are also known as torta mamón or torta.[1][2] Variants of mamón include the larger loaf-like version called taisan, the rolled version called pianono, and ladyfingers known as broas. Mamón also has two very different variants that use mostly the same ingredients, the cookie-like mamón tostado and the steamed puto mamón.[3]

Description[edit]

Visayan torta mamón
The characteristic round cupcake-like shape of mamón

Mamón is a very light chiffon or sponge cake known for its soft and fluffy texture. It is traditionally baked in crenelated tin molds which gives it a characteristic cupcake-like shape. It is typically slathered in butter and sprinkled with white sugar and grated cheese. Mamón is commonly eaten for merienda.[1][4][5]

In the Visayas regions, mamón is known as torta mamón, torta Visaya (or torta Bisaya), or simply torta. The name is derived from Spanish torta, "cake"; although in the northern Philippines, torta usually means "omelette". The Visayan versions are traditionally denser and greasier in texture. They were traditionally made with lard and use palm wine (tubâ) as the leavening agent.[2][6]

Variants[edit]

Broas[edit]

The ladyfinger version of mamón is known as broas or broa. The name is derived from Spanish broa, a type of corn and rye bread from Galicia and Portugal. Broas can either be soft and spongy or crunchy and cookie-like. They are commonly eaten paired with coffee or hot chocolate (sikwate). They are also traditionally used to make icebox cakes in the Philippines, including crema de fruta and mango float.[7][8]

Among Muslim Filipinos, broa (also spelled b'rua, bulwa, or baulo) is a derivative dish. They are eaten similarly and can also come in soft or crunchy versions, but they have a more irregular muffin-like shape. The soft version is like a smaller version of mamón, while the crunchy version is more properly mamón tostado. They are popularly eaten during special occasions and festivals, like Hari Raya.[9][10]

Other notable variants of dry and crunchy broas include the camachile cookies and the lengua de gato cookies.[11]

Known in Malabon City is the soft broas, while in Candelaria, Quezon, the hard one.

Mamón tostado[edit]

Mamón tostado is basically a cookie-like version of mamón (from Spanish tostado, "toasted"). It uses the same ingredients and is similarly airy, but it is baked until dry and crunchy.[12][13][14]

Pianono[edit]

Ube pianono

Pianono or pionono is a rolled version of the mamón. It is typically sold as "cake rolls" in modern times due to its resemblance to the Swiss roll. Originally, its filling was composed only of sugar and butter or margarine, like all other kinds of mamón. It is also traditionally much smaller in diameter than Swiss rolls. But modern versions are larger can vary significantly in the fillings and are usually frosted.[15][16][17]

Puto mamón[edit]

Puto mamón is regarded as a type of puto (steamed cake). It combines egg yolks, salt and sugar. A mixture of milk and water and another of flour are alternately mixed into the yolks, then egg whites are beaten and folded in before the dough is poured into muffin cups and steamed for 15 to 20 minutes.[18][19]

Taisan[edit]

Taisan is a loaf-like version of mamón. Like mamón, it is typically slathered in butter and sprinkled with sugar and cheese.[20] Taisan was first developed in Pampanga. It literally means "whetstone" in Kapampangan, and is named for its shape.[21]

In popular culture[edit]

In Filipino idioms, pusong mamón (literally "mamón-hearted") means someone who is kind, gentle, or easily moved to sadness or pity. It is equivalent to the English idiom "softhearted".[22] It is also used as a euphemism for gay men (bakla), and is used as such in the 1998 Filipino LGBT movie Pusong Mamon.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mamon Recipe". Foxy Folksy. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Torta Mamon Cebu Recipe". Choose Philippines. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  3. ^ Edgie Polistico (2017). Philippine Food, Cooking, & Dining Dictionary. Anvil Publishing, Incorporated. ISBN 9786214200870.
  4. ^ Agbanlog, Liza. "Mamon (Filipino Sponge Cake)". Salu Salo Recipes. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  5. ^ Belen, Jun. "How to Make Goldilocks Mamon (Filipino Sponge Cake)". Junblog. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Learn how to cook Cebu Torta Cake Recipe". Pinoy Recipe at iba pa... Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Broas / Ladyfingers". Market Manila. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  8. ^ "'Broas,' Baclayon's more famous attraction". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 2 January 2016. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  9. ^ "Maranao Snacks : Pagana Mamis, The Sweet Feast". Travel Trilogy. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Top 5 Muslim Delicacies". Choose Philippines. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  11. ^ Orillos, Jenny. "Top 10 Favorite Pinoy Biskwit". Spot.ph. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Mamon Tostado!". Definitely Pinoy. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  13. ^ "Mamon tostado(filipino cookie)". PetitChef. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Mamon Tostado". Atbp.ph. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Pianono". Ang Sarap. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  16. ^ "Pianono (Filipino Sponge Cake Roll)". Kawaling Pinoy. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Zamboanga City: Food trip at Asia's Latin City". Ben Goes Where. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  18. ^ Cordero-Fernando, Gilda; Baldemor, Manuel D. (1992). Philippine food & life: Luzon. Anvil Pub.
  19. ^ Schlau, Stacey; Bergmann, Emilie L. (2007). Approaches to teaching the works of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Modern Language Association of America.
  20. ^ Angelo Comsti (2014). The Filipino Family Cookbook: Recipes and stories from our home kitchen. Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private-Limited. p. 144. ISBN 9789814634946.
  21. ^ Mallari, Joel Pabustan. "Places outside of Pampanga with Kapampangan Names". The Kapampangan Listorian. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Pusong-Mamon". Tagalog Lang. Retrieved 7 December 2018.