Qingdao Metro

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Qingdao Metro
Qingdao Metro Logo - bw.svg
Overview
OwnerQingdao Metro Corporation
LocaleQingdao, Shandong, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines4 (operating)
16 (total)
Number of stations82 (operating)
Websitehttp://www.qd-metro.com/
Operation
Began operationDecember 16, 2015
Operator(s)Qingdao Metro Corporation
Technical
System length169.4 km (operating)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map

Map of lines in operation

Qingdao Metro
Simplified Chinese青岛地铁
Traditional Chinese青島地鐵

Qingdao Metro (Chinese: 青岛地铁; pinyin: Qīngdǎo dìtiě) is a metro system in the city of Qingdao, Shandong province in China. The first line, Line 3 (north section) began operation on December 16, 2015.[1]

Lines in operation[edit]

Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 2  Zhiquan Road
(Shinan)
Licun Park
(Licang)
2017 20.422 18
 3  Qingdao Station
(Shinan)
Qingdaobei Station
(Licang)
2015 2016 24.472 22
 11  Miaoling Road
(Laoshan)
Qiangu Mountain
(Jimo)
2018 57.686 21
 13  Jinggangshan Road
(Xihai'an)
Dongjiakou Railway Station
(Xihai'an)
2018 66.813 21
Total 169.393 82

History[edit]

Qingdao proposed a subway system in 1935, making it one of the first cities in China to propose a subway system. The proposed network was 42 km long and ran underground in the city center while elevated in the suburbs.[2] However, the plan never gained traction due to turmoil from the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil War. Planning resumed in 1989 only to be stopped again in 1995 after a national suspension of subway projects was declared due to worries of high costs and financial debts.[3][4] Repeated attempts to gain approval for subway construction were unsuccessful until 2009 when it was finally approved by the NDRC and a test section of Line 3 started construction in July.[5]

The construction of the first line, Line 3, began on November 30, 2009. With 13 billion yuan ($1.9 billion) of funding, the line comprises 22 stations, with a total length of 24.8 km. The northern half of Line 3 began trial passenger operation on December 16, 2015, and the southern half opened a year later, on December 18, 2016.[6][7]

Construction on Line 2 began in 2012, and the completed line will comprise 22 stations, with a total length of 25.2 km. Line 2 began passenger service on December 10, 2017 between Zhiquan Road station and Licun Park station.[8][6][9]

Phase I of Line 11 between Miaoling Road station and Qiangu Mountain station, which extends from Laoshan District to Jimo District, with 21 stations and 54 km of track, began operation on April 23, 2018. Phase I and Phase II of Line 13 between Jinggangshan Road and Dongjiakou Railway Station started operation on December 26, 2018, with 21 stations and 66.813 km of track.

Construction and plans[edit]

Another line, Line 1, is due to be completed in 2020. It will temporarily run along one of the sections of Line 7, from Xingguo Road station to Dongguozhuang station.[6]

Meanwhile, Line 4 has been under construction since 2016, and is due to be completed in 2021 from People's Hall station to Dahedong station. It will bring much convenience to Qingdao citizens once the line begins operation.

More transfer stations such as Taidong station and Liaoyang East Road station will be built, providing the citizens with more choices in transportation.

According to the published plans, ultimately there will be 16 lines in total (plus two branch lines) with a combined length of 836 km. All work is scheduled to be finished prior to 2050.

Qingdao Metro plan map 2015.svg
Line Terminals Length
(km)
Stations Construction
start
Operation
start
Newest
extension
Status
 1  Emeishan Road Xingguo Road 42.7 29 2016 2020 N/A Under construction
 2  Liuhuapo International Horticultural Expo Garden 61.3 41 2012 2017 2019 In operation
 3  Qingdao Railway Station Qingdaobei Railway Station 24.8 22 2009 2015 2016 In operation
 4  Hall of the People Dahedong 30.7 24 2016 2021 N/A Under construction
 5  Maidao Shilaoren 30 25 N/A N/A N/A Long-term planning
 6  Qingdaoxi Railway Station Wangtai New Town 56.3 38 2017 2022 2023 EIA (Section I)
 7  Olympic Sailing Centre Bei'an 48.5 35 2015 2020 2023 Under construction (Section I)
 8  Jiaozhoubei Railway Station May 4 Square 60.7 18 2016 2021 N/A Under construction
 8b  Donghetao Jiaozhou Railway Station 18.5 7 N/A N/A N/A Long-term planning
 9  Huaqiang Road Wanggezhuang South 51.5 27 N/A 2023 N/A EIA (Section I)
 10  Hetao Tieqishan Road 38.7 20 N/A N/A N/A Long-term planning
 11  Conson Stadium Tianheng 70 28 2013 2018 N/A In operation
 12  Golden Beach Chaoyangcun 54.4 21 2018 2023 N/A EIA
 13  Jinggangshan Road Dongjiakou Railway Station 66.813 21 2014 2018 N/A In operation
 14  Jiaozhoubei Railway Station Pingdu Railway Station 59.4 11 2017 2022 N/A EIA
 15  Shilaoren Auto Industry City 48.5 16 N/A N/A N/A Long-term planning
 16  Chaoyangcun Ocean Spring 50.9 18 N/A N/A N/A Long-term planning
 16b  Nanquan Jiaodong Airport 19 5 N/A N/A N/A Long-term planning

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Qingdao subway system to launch in December". December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2015.
  2. ^ "1935年的青岛城市规划:国内最早提出建设地铁 青报网-青岛日报官网". www.dailyqd.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  3. ^ "国务院办公厅关于暂停审批城市地下快速轨道交通项目的通知_政府信息公开专栏". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  4. ^ "大事记-走进地铁-青岛地铁". www.qd-metro.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  5. ^ "地铁一期工程试验段开工-青岛新闻网". ribao.qingdaonews.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  6. ^ a b c "Qingdao metro Line 3 Phase 2 opens". International Rail Journal. December 19, 2016. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  7. ^ "Qingdao metro opens". Railway Gazette. December 17, 2015. Retrieved 2017-04-30.
  8. ^ "地铁2号线(东段)12月10日开通试运营-地铁资讯-青岛地铁". www.qd-metro.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  9. ^ chinanews. "山东省第二条地铁开通试运营 被誉为"最美海岸线地铁"-中新网". www.chinanews.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.

External links[edit]