R14 (New York City Subway car)

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R14
MTA NYC Subway ACF R14.jpg
R14 car 5871 (renumbered to 35871) at the 207th Street Yard, awaiting cosmetic restoration
In service1949-1984
ManufacturerAmerican Car and Foundry Company
Built atBerwick, Pennsylvania, USA
Constructed1949
Entered serviceSeptember 1949
Number built150
Number in service(1 in work service)
Number preserved1
Number scrapped148
FormationSingle units
Fleet numbers5803–5877 (General Electric)
5878–5952 (Westinghouse)
Capacity44 (seated)
Operator(s)New York City Subway
Specifications
Car body constructionLAHT Carbon steel
Car length51 ft (15.54 m)
Width8 ft 9.5 in (2,680 mm)
Height11 ft (3,353 mm)
Platform height3.76 ft (1.15 m)
Doors6 sets of 50 inch wide side doors per car
Maximum speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Weight73,100 lb (33,158 kg)
Traction systemWestinghouse XM-179 or General Electric 17KC76A1
Traction motorsWestinghouse 1447C or General Electric 1240A3
Power output100 hp (75 kW)
Electric system(s)600 V DC third rail
Current collection methodContact shoe
Braking system(s)WABCO E2 "SMEE" Braking System, A.S.F. simplex unit cylinder clasp (tread) brake
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge

The R14 was a New York City Subway car model built by the American Car and Foundry Company in 1949. The cars were a "follow-up" or supplemental stock for the A Division's R12s and look exactly the same, differing only in floor patterns.

Description[edit]

The R14s were numbered 5803-5952. They were the last cars built with outside door operating apparatus or controls. The next subway car order, the R15, would have the conductors' door controls located inside the motorman's cabs instead.

While the R14s ran in solid consists on the Flushing line, the cars never did so on the mainlines; they were always intermixed in trains of newer cars and were never placed at the conductor's location, since newer cars, with their controls inside the cabs, made it safer for the conductor to control the doors.

There were two versions of the R14: General Electric-powered cars (5803–5877) and Westinghouse Electric-powered cars (5878–5952).

History[edit]

Delivery of the cars began in August 1949.[1] The first R14s entered service on the 7 (IRT Flushing Line) in September 1949.[2] All 150 cars were delivered by January 1950.[3]

The R14s ran on the Flushing Line until the arrival of the R33WFs and R36WFs in late 1963-early 1964. The R14s were then transferred to operate on other A-division routes before being retired and replaced by the R62s in the mid 1980s. The last R14 ran on December 10, 1984. All but two cars have since been taken off property to be scrapped; several cars lasted as training vehicles or work cars for many years. For example, eleven R14s were converted into R71 rider cars after retirement, but were ultimately replaced with R161s (R33s converted into rider cars) and subsequently reefed in the mid-2000s.[4]

Two cars were saved for various purposes throughout the New York City Subway system, including:

  • 5871 (renumbered to 85871 and later to 35871) - being held for the New York Transit Museum. This car was formerly used for fire training. The car retains its MTA blue/silver livery paint scheme[5] and has been stored at the 207th Street Yard for many years. However, it is slated to receive only a cosmetic restoration; the car will not be restored to operational status.
  • 5944 - converted to R71 de-icer car RD340. It is the last surviving R14 work car still in service, as the rest of the R14 work cars were subsequently reefed in the mid-2000s.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IRT SMEE delivery dates", R36 Preservation, Inc. http://www.coronayard.com/r36preservation/irtsmeedelivery.htm[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ ERA New York Division Bulletin, September 2009, Page 4
  3. ^ ERA New York Division Bulletin, September 2009, Page 4
  4. ^ "www.nycsubway.org". www.nycsubway.org.
  5. ^ "Showing Image 95272". nycsubway.org.

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