RER C

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RER C
RER RER C
Overview
TypeRapid transit/commuter rail
SystemRéseau Express Régional
StatusOperational
TerminiPontoise (C1), Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche (C5), Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (C7)
Massy – Palaiseau (C2), Dourdan-la-Forêt (C4), Saint-Martin-d'Étampes (C6), Versailles-Chantiers (C8)
Stations84
Ridership140,000,000 journeys per year
Operation
Opened1979
(last extension in 2006)
Operator(s)SNCF
Rolling stockZ 5600, Z 8800, Z 20500, Z 20900
Technical
Line length185.6 km (115.3 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
RER C.svg

Geographically accurate path of the RER C

The RER C is one of the five lines in the RER system serving Paris, France. It is operated by SNCF.

The line runs from the northwestern termini Pontoise (C1), Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche (C5) and Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (C7) to the southeastern termini Massy-Palaiseau (C2), Dourdan-la-Forêt (C4), Saint-Martin d'Étampes (C6) and Versailles – Chantiers (C8).

The RER C line is the second-longest in the network, with over 187 km (116 mi) of route. RER C was created from an amalgamation and renovation of several old SNCF commuter lines unlike RER A and B which had newer sections owned and constructed by RATP. Each day, over 531 trains run on the RER C alone, and carries over 540,000 passengers daily,[1] 150,000 passengers more than the entirety of the TGV network.

It is the most popular RER line for tourists which represents 15% of its passengers, as the line serves many monuments and museums, including the Palace of Versailles. However, the numerous stops, combined with the old and fragile infrastructure the line inherited, makes the Parisian section of the RER C very slow and inefficient. The numerous old curves and steep grades on RER C means trains sometimes need to slow down to 40 km/h (25 mph) to safely pass sections with tight alignments.[2] In contrast, RER A was constructed with more modern standards enabling much higher average operating speeds. These problems are particularly evident on trips to and from the northern suburbs to the city center as taking Transilien lines and transferring to the Métro is much faster than taking the meandering RER C with closely spaced stops. In addition, the RER C's complicated operating schedule created by its complex network of numerous branches means the entire line is vulnerable to delays from even the smallest incidents.

These issues have led to the line being called "Réseau Escargot Régional" (Regional Snail Network) by the local populace.[3]

History[edit]

The view from Île aux Cygnes towards the Eiffel Tower, with a RER-C train crossing the Pont Rouelle
RER C
 C1 
Pontoise
TransilienTransilienTransilien
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône
TransilienTransilien
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône – Liesse
TransilienTransilien
Pierrelaye
TransilienTransilien
 C3 
Montigny – Beauchamp
TransilienTransilien
Franconville – Le Plessis-Bouchard
TransilienTransilien
Cernay
 C5 
Ermont-Eaubonne
TransilienTransilienTransilien
Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche
Saint-Gratien
Porchefontaine
Épinay-sur-Seine
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 8Île-de-France tramway Line 11
 C7 
TransilienTransilienTransilien
Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
Gennevilliers
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 1
TransilienTransilienTransilien
Saint-Cyr
Les Grésillons
 C8 
TransilienTransilienTransilien TERTGV
Versailles – Chantiers
Saint-Ouen
TransilienTransilien Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 6
Viroflay – Rive-Gauche
Porte de Clichy
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 13
Chaville-Vélizy
Pereire – Levallois
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 3
Neuilly – Porte Maillot
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 1
Meudon – Val Fleury
Avenue Foch
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 2
Issy
Avenue Henri Martin
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 2
Issy – Val de Seine
Boulainvilliers
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 3a
Pont du Garigliano
Avenue du Président Kennedy
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 10
Javel
Champ de Mars – Tour Eiffel
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 6
Petit Jouy - Les Loges
Pont de l'Alma
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 9
Invalides
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 8Paris Métro Line 13
Musée d'Orsay
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 12
Jouy-en-Josas
Saint-Michel – Notre-Dame
RERRER B Paris MétroParis Métro Line 4Paris Métro Line 10
Gare d'Austerlitz
TERIntercités Paris MétroParis Métro Line 5Paris Métro Line 10
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
Paris MétroParis Métro Line 14
Masséna
closed in 2000
Vauboyen
Ivry-sur-Seine
Vitry-sur-Seine
Les Ardoines
Bièvres
Choisy-le-Roi
Villeneuve-le-Roi
Igny
Ablon
Athis-Mons
Juvisy
RERRER D
Les Saules
 C10 
Orly-Ville
Savigny-sur-Orge
Pont de Rungis – Aéroport d'Orly
 C12 
Petit Vaux
Tramways in Île-de-FranceÎle-de-France tramway Line 7
Rungis – La Fraternelle
Gravigny – Balizy
Chemin d'Antony
Chilly-Mazarin
RERRER B
Massy-Verrières
Longjumeau
RERRER B TGV
Massy – Palaiseau
Épinay-sur-Orge
 C2 
Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois
Saint-Michel-sur-Orge
Brétigny
La Norville - Saint-Germain-lès-Arpajon
Marolles-en-Hurepoix
Arpajon
Bouray
Égly
Lardy
Breuillet - Bruyères-le-Châtel
Chamarande
Breuillet - Village
Étréchy
Saint-Chéron
Étampes
TER
Sermaise
Saint-Martin-d'Étampes
TER
Dourdan
 C6 
Dourdan-la-Forêt
 C4 

Line C was opened on 26 September 1979 following the construction of a new 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) tunnel connecting the Gare d'Orsay railway terminus (now Musée d'Orsay) with the Invalides terminus of the Rive Gauche line to Versailles, along the banks of the Seine. Services operated between Versailles-Château-Rive-GaucheInvalidesQuai-d'Orsay, branching to Massy – Palaiseau, and JuvisyDourdan / Saint-Martin d'Étampes.

May 1980 : Service extended Saint-Quentin-en-YvelinesVersailles – ChantiersGare des Invalides.

On 25 September 1988 the VMI ("Vallée de Montmorency – Invalides") branch to the north-west opened. This branch mostly used the infrastructure of the "ligne d'Auteuil" (incorporated into the "ligne de petite ceinture" from 1867, closed to passengers from 22 July 1934), and a new 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) tunnel connection between Batignolles and St-Ouen, connecting to the RER C's main trunk at Champ de Mars-Tour Eiffel via a curved bridge (the only one in Paris) over the Seine river. This extended services to Montigny – Beauchamp and Argenteuil.

Porte de Clichy opened on 29 September 1991. Located between Pereire – Levallois and St-Ouen.

In 1992 the line was extended from Juvisy to Versailles.

A further 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) extension from Montigny – Beauchamp to Pontoise was opened on 28 August 2000. On the same day a new station, Bibliothèque François Mitterrand, opened in order to create a new connexion with Métro Line 14. Located between Paris-Austerlitz and Boulevard Masséna (which was closed and replaced by the new station).

Another new station, St-Ouen-l'Aumône-Liesse, opened on 24 March 2002. Located between Pierrelaye and St-Ouen-l'Aumône.

The C3 branch (from Ermont-Eaubonne to Argenteuil) transferred to the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail network on 27 August 2006.

On 16 December 2006, Boulevard Victor was renamed Boulevard Victor – Pont du Garigliano to highlight the new interchange with tramway line T3.

In February 2012, Versailles - Rive Gauche was renamed Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche, to avoid frequent tourist confusion with other stations in Versailles.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ « JEUDI, le mag des jeudis de la ligne C Transilien », 27, Novembre 2012, page 2 (consulté le 31 décembre 2016).
  2. ^ André Jacquot, La ligne C du RER, p 108
  3. ^ "Changements dans l'air dans le RER". metro-pole.net, via web.archive.org. 15 December 2007. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help).

External links[edit]