Reformers' Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Reformers' Party
LeaderHassan Modarres[1][2]
Dissolved1926 (banned)[3]
Preceded byModerate Socialists Party
Ideology
ReligionIslam

Reformers' Party[3] of Reformists Party[4] (Persian: حزب اصلاح‌طلبان‎, romanizedḤezb-e Eṣlāḥṭalabān) was a political party in Iran, established in late years of Qajar dynasty. It was one of the four major parliamentary parties in early 1920s, along with the Communist Party, Socialist Party and Revival Party.[3]

The party is an heir to the Moderate Socialists Party,[3] and was founded by its former members joined by some Democrat Party affiliates.[5]

The party held the majority in the 4th Parliament.[1] It was also very influential outside the parliament.[4] The party's opposition to Reza Khan, lead to losing its majority status in the 5th Parliament after he rigged the elections to have a parliament pliant to his views.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Paidar, Parvin (1997). Women and the Political Process in Twentieth-Century Iran. Cambridge University Press. p. 90. ISBN 052159572X.
  2. ^ a b c Cronin, Stephanie (2012). The Making of Modern Iran: State and Society under Riza Shah, 1921-1941. Routledge. pp. 67–71. ISBN 1136026940.
  3. ^ a b c d e Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 120–123, 138. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  4. ^ a b Haddad Adel, Gholamali; Elmi, Mohammad Jafar; Taromi-Rad, Hassan. "Party". Political Parties: Selected Entries from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam. EWI Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 9781908433022.
  5. ^ Ettehadieh, Mansoureh (October 28, 2011) [December 15, 1992]. "CONSTITUTIONAL REVOLUTION v. Political parties of the constitutional period". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica. Fasc. 2. VI. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 199–202. Retrieved September 12, 2016.